G2799 κλαίω
wenen, weeklagen, jammeren, rouwen over, bewenen
Taal: Grieks

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klaio̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κλαίω, [in LXX chiefly for בּכה H1058;] of any loud expression of pain or sorrow, esp. for the dead, to weep, lament (a) intrans.: Mk 5:38, 39 14:72 (M, Pr., 131) Mk 16:[10], Lk 7:13, 32, 38 8:52, Jo 11:31, 33 16:20 20:11, 13, 15 Ac 9:39 21:13, I Co 7:30, Phl 3:18, Ja 4:9 5:1, Re 5:5 18:15, 19; πολύ, Re 5:4; πολλά, Ac 8:24 (WH, mg.); πικρῶς, Mt 26:75, Lk 22:62; opp. to γελάω, Lk 6:21, 25; χαίρω, Ro 12:15; seq. ἐπί, c. acc., Lk 19:41 23:28, Re 18:9; (b) trans., c. acc. pers., to weep or lament for, bewail: Mt 2:18.†

SYN.: v.s. δακρύω G1145.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κλαίω,
  old Attic dialect κλάω (see. below) ᾱ never contracted; Aeolic dialect κλαΐω “Lyrica Adespota” 65 ; Epic dialect 2nd pers. singular optative κλαίοισθα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.619: Attic. imperfect ἔκλᾱον, Epic dialect κλαῖον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.201 , Ionic dialect κλαίεσκον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.364, Herodotus Historicus 3.119, Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 312: future κλαύσομαι, 2nd pers. singular κλαύσῃ or κλαύσει, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.340, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1327 (Lyric poetry), “Nu.” 58, 933 (anap.), Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 554, etc., rarely κλαυσοῦμαι Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 1081, 1277 (in mock heroic verses) ; Attic dialect also κλαιήσω Hyperides Orator “Dem.fragment” 10, κλᾱήσω Demosthenes Orator 19.310, 21.99, later κλαύσω Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 23.34, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 4.70, NT.John.16.20, 4th c.AD(?): Manetho Astrologus 3.143: aorist ἔκλαυσα, Epic dialect κλαῦσα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.261 :—middle, aorist ἐκλαυσάμην Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 153, “Anthologia Graeca” 7.412 (Alcaeus Lyricus Mess.) :—passive, future κλαυσθήσομαι LXX.Psa.77(78).64, κεκλαύσομαι Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1436 +5th c.BC+: aorist ἐκλαύσθην Lycophron Tragicus 831, Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 8.11.1 (variant{κλαυθείς}), “IG” 14.2128 : perfect κέκλαυμαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 687, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1490, κέκλαυσμαι Lycophron Tragicus 273, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.115b. κλάω ᾱ is recognized as Attic dialect by Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 187.26 , and is found in codices of Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 341, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 792a, “Phlb.” 48a: ἔκλᾰε in later poetry, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 14.32, uncertain in Hermesianax Elegiacus 7.33 (compare κλέω A). (κλᾰϝ-ψω, compare κλαυ-θμός, etc.)
__I intransitive, cry, wail, lament, of any loud expression of pain or sorrow, κλαῖον δὲ λιγέως Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.201; πρὸς οὐρανόν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.364; τῆς ἄρα κλαιούσης ὄπα σύνθετο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.92 ; for the dead, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.297, etc.; ἀμφὶ δὲ σὲ Τρῳαὶ καὶ Δαρδανίδες κλαύσονται 18.340; κλαίοντα καὶ ὀδυρόμενον Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 388b, etc. ; διὰ τί οἱ κλαίοντες ὀξὺ φθέγγοντα; Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 900a20; δάκρυσι κ. Dio Cassius Historicus 59.27 ; of infants, Soranus Medicus 1.107, al. ; of crying for joy, κλαῖον δὲ λιγέως, ἁδινώτερον ἤ τ᾽ οἰωνοί κτλ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.216, compare 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 1799.57.
__I.2 αὐτὸν κλαίοντα ἀφήσω 1 shall send him home crying, howling, i.e. well beaten, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.263: frequently in Attic., κλαύσεται he shall howl, i.e. he shall suffer for it, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1327 (Lyric poetry), “Pl.” 174, al.; κλαύσομαι prev. author “Nu.” 58 ; κλαύσει μακρά you shall howl loudly, i.e. suffer severely, prev. author “Pax” 255, compare 1277; κλαύσῃ φιλῶν τὸν οἶνον Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 554; κλάοις ἄν, εἰ ψαύσειας Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 925 ; κλαίων to your sorrow or loss, at your peril, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 401, 1152, “Ant.” 754; κλάων ἅψῃ τῶνδε Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 270, compare “Hipp.” 1086; δεῦρ᾽ ἔλθ᾽ ἵνα κλάῃς Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 58 ; κλάειν ἔγωγέ σε λέγω (opposed to χαίρειν σοι λέγω) prev. author “Pl.” 62, compare Herodotus Historicus 4.127; κλάειν εἴπωμεν Eupolis Comicus 363; κλάειν κελεύων Λάμαχον Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 1131; κλάειν σε μακρὰ κελεύσας prev. author “Eq.” 433 ; σέ δ᾽ ἐᾶν κλάειν μακρὰ τὴν κεφαλήν suffer terribly in the head, prev. author “Pl.” 612 (anap.), compare “V.” 584.
__II transitive, weep for, lament, κλαῖεν ἔπειτ᾽ Ὀδυσῆα, φίλον πόσιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.363, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.210 ; τι Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 890, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1117; τὰ αὑτοῦ πάθη Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Alcibiades” 33 :— passive, to be mourned or lamented, ἀνδρὸς εὖ κεκλαυμένου Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 687: impers., μάτην ἐμοὶ κεκλαύσεται Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1436.
__II.2 cry for, of infants, μάμμας καὶ τιτθάς Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.16.39.
__III middle, bewail oneself, weep aloud, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 920 (Lyric poetry): perfect participle passive κεκλαυμένος bathed in tears, prev. author “Ch.” 457 (Lyric poetry), 731, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1490.
__III.2 transitive, bewail to oneself, πάθη.. πόλλ᾽ ἔγωγ᾽ ἐκλαυσάμην prev. author “Tr.” 153; κλαιόμενα τάδε βρέφη σφαγάς Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1096 (Lyric poetry).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks δακρύω G1145 "huilen, wenen"; Grieks κλαυθμός G2805 "wenen, weeklacht";

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