G2807 κλείς
sleutel, grendel
Taal: Grieks

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kleis̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κλείς, -δός, Att.. acc., κλεῖν, later -εῖδα, pl., κλεῖδες, -ας, contr., -εῖς, ἡ, [in LXX for מַפְתֵּחַ H4668, Is 22:22, al.;] a key. Fig., τ. βασιλείας τ. οὐρανῶν, Mt 16:19; τ. γνώσεως, Lk 11:52; of David (cf. LXX, Is 22:22), Re 3:7; τ. θανάτου κ. τ. ᾅδου, Re 1:18; τ. ἀβύσσου, Re 20:1; τ. φρέατος τῆς ἀ., Re 9:1.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κλείς, ἡ,
  genitive κλειδός; Attic dialectaccusative κλεῖν, see.below 1.3, 111, later κλεῖδα “Anthologia Graeca” 6.306 (from Aristo), Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Artoxerxes” 9: pl. κλεῖδες, κλεῖδας, contr. κλεῖς, see below 111, dat. κλεισίν Plato Philosophus “Axiochus” 371b :—Ionic dialect κληΐς ῑ, κληῗδος, κληῗδα, etc. (Homerus Epicus uses only the Ion. form) :—Doric dialect κλᾱΐς, κλαΐδος ῐ Simonides Lyricus 23, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.39; but acc. pl. κλᾱῗδας prev. work 8.4 ; accusative κλαῖδα or κλᾷδα Callimachus Epicus “Hymnus in Cererem” 45 ; compare κλᾴξ:—Aeolic dialect κλᾶϊς (κλαῖς codex)· μοχλός, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus ; κλάϊς accusative κλάϊν “Etymologicum Gudianum” cited in Schaefer “Greg.Cor.” p.584: pl. κλᾷδες κλᾶδες codex)· ζυγά, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus :—old Attic dialect κλῄς, κλῇδος, accusative κλῇδα Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 212 (anap.), 661 (Lyric poetry): κλείς and κλῄς in the same Attic dialect Inscription, “IG” 22.1414.44 and 47. (κλᾱϝῑς, cf. Latin clavis, claudo.)
__1 bar, bolt, θύρας σταθμοῖσιν ἐπῆρσε (i.e. Hera, from within) κληῗδι κρυπτῇ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.168, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.241; κληῗδος ἱμάς prev. work 4.802, compare 838; ἐπὶ δὲ κληῗδ᾽ ἐτάνυσσεν ἱμάντι 1.442 ; ={ἐπιβλής}, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.455.
__2 catch or hook, passed through the door from the outside to catch the strap (ἱμάς) attached to the bar (ὀχεύς), ἐν δὲ κληῗδ᾽ ἧκε, θυρέων δ᾽ ἀνέκοπτεν ὀχῆας ἄντα τιτυσκομένη Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.47, compare 50; οἴξασα κληῗδι θύρας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.89; δοιοὶ δ᾽ ἔντοσθεν ὀχῆες εἶχον ἐπημοιβοί, μία δὲ κληῒς ἐπαρήρει 12.456, compare Parmenides Poeta Philosophus 1.14.
__3 later, key, τὴν κλεῖν ἐφέλκεται Lysias Orator 1.13 ; κλεῖν παρακλείδιον a false key, Plato Comicus 77: pl., κλῇδας οἶδα δώματος Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 827, compare Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 448; Λακωνικὴ κ. Menander Comicus 343; κυριεύσοντα τῶν κ. “OGI” 229.56 (Smyrna, 3rd c.BC) ; of a sacred key carried in processions, “SIG” 900.14 (Panamara, 4th c.AD), 996.24 (Smyrna, perhaps 1st c.AD).
__4 metaphorically, Ἁσυχία βουλᾶν τε καὶ πολέμων ἔχοισα κλαῗδας Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 8.4, compare 9.39 ; ἔστι κἀμοὶ κλῂς ἐπὶ γλώσσῃ, of silence, Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 316, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1052 (Lyric poetry); καθαρὰν ἀνοῖξαι κλῇδα φρενῶν Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 661 (Lyric poetry) ; κλῇδας γάμου φυλάττει, of Hera, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 976 (Lyric poetry) ; of the key to a problem, Vettius Valens Astrologus 179.4.
__II hook or tongue of a clasp, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.294.
__II.2 stop-cock, 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Hero Mechanicus “(Spiritalia) Pneumatica” 1.25.
__III collar-bone, probably so called from its hook shape (see. above 1.2), Homerus Epicus (only in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad”), ὅθι κληῒς ἀποέργει αὐχένα τε στῆθός τε 8.325; κληῗδα παρ᾽ ὦμον πλῆξ᾽, ἀπὸ δ᾽ αὐχένος ὦμον ἐέργαθεν ἠδ᾽ ἀπὸ νώτου 5.146; ᾗ κληῗδες ἀπ᾽ ὤμων αὐχέν᾽ ἔχουσι 22.324, compare Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 7, “Art.” 13; πᾳῖσον ἐμᾶς ὑπὸ κλῇδος Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1035; τὴν κλεῖν συνετρίβην Andocides Orator 1.61; τὴν κλεῖν κατεαγώς Demosthenes Orator 18.67: pl., Diogenes Cynicus Philosophus Apoll.6, etc.; τὰ πλάγια καὶ τὰς κλεῖδας Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 513b35; αἱ κλεῖδες (variant{κλεῖς}) καὶ αἱ πλευραί, of the crocodile, prev. work 516a28 ; κλεῖδες ὀπταί roast shoulder-bones of the tunny (with play on 1.3, visible keys, opposed to κρυπταὶ κλεῖδες of the Laconians), Aristopho Comicus 7.2, compare Diphilus Siphnius Rerum Naturalium Scriptor cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 8.357a.
__IV rowing bench in a ship, frequently in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey”, always in plural; ἐπὶ κληῗσι καθίζειν 2.419, etc.; κληΐδεσσιν ἐφήμενοι 12.215; once in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad”, πεντήκοντ᾽ ἔσαν ἄνδρες ἐπὶ κληῗσιν 16.170; δησάμενοι.. ἐπὶ κληῗσιν ἐρετμά Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.37.
__V of promontories, straits, etc., Κληῗδες or Κληΐδες τῆς Κύπρου Herodotus Historicus 5.108, compare 1st cStrabo Geographus 14.6.3 ; πόντου κλῇδ᾽, of the Bosporus, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 212 (Lyric poetry).
__VI in plural, sacred chaplets, prev. author “Tr.” 256 (anap.) (Ephes., acc. to 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus).
__VII in versification, clausula, cadence, Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 1127.

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Grieks κλείω G2808 "sluiten, opsluiten";

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