G2903 κράτιστος
machtigste, sterkste, edelste, beste, voortreffelijkste
Taal: Grieks

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kratistos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κράτιστος, -η, -ον, superl. of κρατύς (Hom.), 1. strongest, mightiest (Hom.). 2. noblest, best (cf. κρείσσων), most excellent (Pind., Soph., al.): voc., κρατίστε, as title of honour and respect (DCG, ii, 727a), Lk 1:3, Ac 23:26 24:3 26:25.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κρᾰτιστ-ος, η, ον,
  Epic dialect κάρτ- (as always in Homerus Epicus), isolated Superl. from κρατύς , strongest, mightiest, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.266, etc.; θεῶν κ., i.e. Zeus. Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 14.13; κ. Ἑλλήνων, i.e. Achilles, Sophocles Tragicus “Ph.” 3: in Prose, εἰ τοὺς κ. ἐνικήσαμεν Thucydides Historicus 7.67 ; Λημνίων τὸ κ. the best of their men, prev\. author 5.8; τὸ δυνάμεως κ. the strength or flower of.., Xenophon Historicus “Cyr.” 6.1.28 , etc.; of things, καρτίστην.. μάχην fiercest fight, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.185; δεσμὸς κ. Ti.Locrian dialect 99a .
__2 generally, best, most excellent, as superlative of ἀγαθός, Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 1.17, Sophocles Tragicus “Ant.” 1050, etc.: colloquially, ἄνδρα κ. εἰπών Theophrastus Philosophus {4-3rd c.BC} “Characteres” 5.2 ; οἱ κράτιστοι the aristocracy, Xenophon Historicus “HG” 7.1.42, see at {ἀγαθός} 1; τὰ κ. τῆς χώρας prev. work 3.4.20.
__2.b as a title or mode of address, κράτιστε Θεόφιλε NT.Luke.1.3 ; especially = Latin egregius, ὁ κ. ἡγεμών “PFay.” p.33 (1st c.AD); ὁ κ. ἐπίτροπος “BGU” 891 (2nd c.AD); ἡ κ. , of a woman of the equester ordo, Inscriptiones Graecae 14. 1346; also, = Latin clarissimus, of Senators, ὁ κ. ἀνθὐπατος prev. work9(1).61; ὁ κ. συγκλητικός “IGRom.” 3.581, etc.; ἡ κ. βουλή “POxy.” 2108.6 (3rd c.AD).
__2.c with modal words added, κ. τὴν ψυχήν Thucydides Historicus 2.40 ; πάντων πάντα κ. best of all in.., Xenophon Historicus “An.” 1.9.2; ἔν τινι prev\. author “Mem.” 3.4.5; εἴς τι Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Philebus” 67b; περί τι prev\. author “Plt.” 257a; πρός τι Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 3.4.16 : with infinitive, best at doing, Thucydides Historicus 2.81, Plato Philosophus “Phdr.” 267d, Xenophon Historicus “Mem.” 1.4.1 , etc.: with participle, τῶν ἡλίκων κ. εἶναι ἀκοντίζων καὶ τοξεύων prev\. author “Cyr.” 1.3.15 .
__3 neuter followed by infinitive, φυγέειν κάρτιστον to flee were best, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.120, compare Euripides Tragicus “El.” 379, Aristophanes Comicus “Eq.” 80, etc.: in pl., κράτιστα.. ἑλεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Med.” 384 : absolutely, ὅπερ κ. the main point, Thucydides Historicus 1.143.
__4 adverb usages, ἀπὸ τοῦ κρατίστου in all good faith, Polybius Historicus 8.17.4; κατὰ τὸ κ. Dionysius Halicarnassensis 2.22 : neuter plural κράτιστα as adverb, Xenophon Historicus “HG” 3.4.16, “Ages.” 1.25. —The Comp. in use is κρείσσων (which see).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks κράτος G2904 "sterkte, kracht, heerschappij";

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