G2904 κράτος
sterkte, kracht, heerschappij
Taal: Grieks

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kratos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

κράτος, -εος (-ους), τό, [in LXX chiefly for עֹז H5797, Jb 12:16, Ps 89 (90):11 al.;] 1. strength, esp. as in Hom., of bodily strength. 2. power, might: He 2:14; τὸ κ. τῆς ἰσχύος αὐτοῦ, Eph 1:19 6:10 (Is 40:26, Da TH 4:27); τ. δόςης αὐτοῦ, Col 1:11; κατὰ κράτος, mightily, Ac 19:20; a mighty deed, an act of power, Lk 1:51; in doxologies, I Ti 6:16, I Pe 4:11 5:11, Ju 25, Re 1:6 5:13.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

κράτος ᾰ,
  Ionic dialect and Epic dialect κάρτος, εος, τό, both in Homerus Epicus; Aeol. κρέτος Alcaeus Lyricus 25 :— strength, might, in Homerus Epicus especially of bodily strength, ἔπεφνε δόλῳ, οὔ τι κράτεΐ γε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.142; ἔχει ἥβης ἄνθος, ὅ τε κ. ἐστὶ μέγιστον 13.484 , etc.; τὸ γὰρ αὖτε σιδήρου γε κ. ἐστίν this (i.e. τὸ βάψαι) is what gives strength to iron, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.393: generally, δικαία γλῶσσ᾽ ἔχει κ. μέγα Sophocles Tragicus “fragment” 80; μηχανῆς ἔστω κ. Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Supplices” 207 ; κατὰ κράτος with all one's might or strength, πολιορκεῖσθαι Thucydides Historicus 1.64; πολεμεῖν Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Leges” 692d; ἐξελέγχεσθαι Demosthenes Orator 34.20 , etc.: frequently in phrase αἱρεῖν κατὰ κ. take by storm, Thucydides Historicus 8.100, Isocrates Orator 4.119, etc.; also ἀνὰ κράτος διώκειν Xenophon Historicus {5-6th c.BC} “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.4.23; ἐλαύνειν prev\. author “An.” 1.8.1, etc.; ἀπὸ κράτους Diodorus Siculus Historicus 17.34 ; πρὸς ἰσχύος κράτος, opposed to λόγῳ, Sophocles Tragicus “Ph.” 594.
__2 personified, K. Βία τε Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Prometheus Vinctus” 12; K. καὶ Δίκη prev\. author “Ch.” 244 .
__II power, τοῦ γὰρ κ. ἐστὶ μέγιστον, of Zeus, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.118, etc.; τοῦ γὰρ κ. ἔστ᾽ ἐνὶ οἴκῳ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.359, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.214; Ζηνὸς κ. Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.96, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Pr.” 527 (Lyric poetry); ἐκπίπτειν κράτους, of Zeus, prev. work 948; τὸ κ. τοῦ θεοῦ Vetus Testamentum Graece redditum LXX.Psa.61(62).11 +8th c.BC+, etc.: plural, ὑποχείριος κράτεσιν ἀρσένων Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Supplices” 393 (Lyric poetry), compare Sophocles Tragicus “Ant.” 485 ; especially of political power, rule, sovereignty, ὁ μαιόμενος τὸ μέγα κρέτος ὀντρέψει τάχα τὰν πόλιν Alcaeus Lyricus {7-6th c.BC} same place; τὸ κ. περιθεῖναί τινι Herodotus Historicus 1.129; ἐς τὸ πλῆθος φέρειν τὸ κ. prev\. author 3.81 ; τὸ πᾶν κ. ἔχειν to be all-powerful, prev\. author 7.3; ἀρχὴ καὶ κ. τυραννικόν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 373 ; βασιλεὺς πρῶτος ἐν κράτει Ὀδρυσῶν ἐγένετο in real power, Thucydides Historicus 2.29; later τὸ κ. τῶν Ῥωμαίων “POxy.” 41i2 (3rd-4th c.AD): in pl., κράτη καὶ θρόνους Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 173, compare “OT” 586, etc.; θρόνων κράτη sovereign power, prev\. author “Ant.” 166.
__II.2 with genitive, power over, τὸ Περσέων κ. ἔχοντα Herodotus Historicus 3.69; τὸ κ. εἶχε τῆς στρατιῆς prev\. author 9.42; πᾶν κ. ἔχων χθονός Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Supplices” 425 (Lyric poetry); τῶν ἄλλων δαιμόνων Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 949; δὸς κ. τῶν σῶν δόμων Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Choephori” 480; δωμάτων ἔχειν κ. Aristophanes Comicus {5-6th c.BC} “Thesmophoriazusae” 871; τὸ τῆς θαλάσσης κ. Thucydides Historicus 1.143; μετὰ κράτους τῆς γῆς prev\. author 8.24 ; ὧν ἂν ᾖ τὸ κ. τῆς γῆς whoever have possession of the land, prev\. author 4.98; κ. ἔχειν ἑαυτοῦ Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Politicus” 273a : plural, ἀστραπᾶν κράτη νέμων Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 201 (Lyric poetry).
__II.3 of persons, a power, an authority, Ἀχαιῶν δίθρονον κ. Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Agamemnon” 109 (Lyric poetry), compare 619, “Th.” 127 (Lyric poetry).
__III mastery, victory, frequently in Homerus Epicus, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.509, 6.387, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.280; κ. ἄρνυσθαι Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 838 (Lyric poetry); νίκη καὶ κράτη Aeschylus Tragicus {4-5th c.BC} “Supplices” 951 ; ἀέθλων κ. victory in.., Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 8(7).4; νίκη καὶ κ. τῶν δρωμένων Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 85 ; κ. ἀριστείας the meed of highest valour, prev\. author “Aj.” 443; νίκη καὶ κ. πολεμίων Plato Philosophus {5-6th c.BC} “Leges” 962a; κ. πολέμου καὶ νίκη Demosthenes Orator 19.130 .
__IV in Medicine texts, in plural, ligaments, Hippocrates Medicus “Mul.” 2.167.
__IV.2 ={ταρσός}, back of the hand, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 2.144.
__V Pythagoras Philosophus name for ten, Theol.Ar. 59 .—This word and its derivations take two forms, κρατ- and καρτ-; the latter is mostly Epic dialect, as κάρτος, κάρτιστος, καρτύνω, but in κρατερός and καρτερός the reverse holds, see at {κρατερός} near the end; κρατέω, κρατύς have no form καρτ-. (κρατ- and καρτ- from kṛt-, weak form of κρετ-, compare κρέτος, κρέσσων.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks καρτερέω G2594 "standvastig zijn"; Grieks κρατέω G2902 "kracht hebben, machtig zijn"; Grieks κράτιστος G2903 "machtigste, sterkste, edelste, beste, voortreffelijkste"; Grieks κρείττων G2909 "nuttiger, voordeliger, beter, voortreffelijker"; Grieks παντοκράτωρ G3841 "almachtig, heerser over alles, God"; Grieks περικρατής G4031 "macht over iets hebben";

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