G3037 λίθος
steen
Taal: Grieks

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'lithos, zn m blijkbaar een grondwoord; TDNT - 4:268,534;


1) een steen 1a) van kleine stenen 1b) van bouwstenen 1c) metaf. van Christus


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

λίθος, -ου, ὁ (and, in Att., of precious stones, ἡ.), [in LXX for אֶבֶן H68, Ge 11:3, al.; λ. τίμιος, for פָּז H6337, Ps 18 (19):10 20 (21):3, Pr 8:19, al.;] a stone: Mt 4:6, al.; pl., Mt 3:9, al.; at the entrance of a tomb, Mt 27:60, 66 28:2, Mk 15:46 16:3, 4, Lk 24:2, Jo 11:38, 39, 41 20:1; λ. μυλικός, Lk 17:2, cf. Re 18:21; of building stones, Mt 21:42, [44] 24:2, Mk 12:10 13:1, 2, Lk 19:44 20:17, 18 21:5, 6 Ac 4:11, I Pe 2:7; metaph., of Christ, λ. ἀκρογωναῖος, ἐκλεκτός, ἔντιμος, I Pe 2:6(LXX); λ. ζῶν, I Pe 2:4; προσκόμματος, I Pe 2:8, Ro 9:33; of Christians, λ. ζῶντες, I Pe 2:5; of precious stones, λ. τίμιος, Re 17:4 18:12, 16 21:11, 19; ἴασπις, Re 4:3; ἐνδεδυμένοι λ. καθαρόν, Re 15:6 (λίνον, Rec., R, mg., v. Swete, in l.); metaph., λ. τίμιοι, I Co 3:12; of the tables of the law, II Co 3:7; of idols, Ac 17:29.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

λίθος ῐ, ου,
  o((see. below 11), stone, Homerus Epicus, etc. ; especially of the stones thrown by warriors, τρηχὺς λ., λ. ὀκριόεις, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.308, 8.327 ; also, stonequoit, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.190; ἑλέσθαι.. ἐκ γαίας λίθον Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 199.4 ; of building- stones, λίθοι βασιλικοί “PSI” 4.423.28, “PCair.Zen.” 499.20 (both 3rd c.BC): proverbial, ἐν παντὶ γάρ τοι σκορπίος φρουρεῖ λίθῳ Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 37 ; λίθον ἕψειν 'to lose one's labour', Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 280 ; also of stupid persons, 'blockheads', λίθοι prev. author “Nu.” 1202, compare Theognis Elegiacus 568, Plato Philosophus “Hp.Ma.” 292d, Galenus Medicus 9.656 ; λ. τις, ou) dou/lh Herodas Mimographus 6.4 ; προσηγορεύθη διὰ τὸ μὴ φρονεῖν λ., of Niobe, Philemo Comicus 101; ὥσπερ λίθον ζῆν Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 494a {λιθοσπαδὴς} ; λίθῳ λαλεῖς proverbial of ἀναίσθητοι, 1Macarius Paroemiographus 5.61.
__2 stone as a substance, opposed to wood, flesh, etc., ἐπεὶ οὔ σφι λ. χρὼς οὐδὲ σίδηρος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.510 ; λαοὺς δὲ λίθους ποίησε turned into stone, petrified, 24.611, compare Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 198c; so νῆα θεῖναι λ. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.156 ; as an emblem of hard-heartedness, σοὶ δ᾽ αἰεὶ κραδίη στερεωτέρη ἐστὶ λίθοιο 23.103, compare Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 3.18.
__II λίθος, ἡ, twice in Homerus Epicus, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.287, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.494, just like masc., also in Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 7.26, Bion Bucolicus “fragment” 1.2 : later mostly of some special stone, as the magnet is called Μαγνῆτις λ. by Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 567 (but ἡ λίθος simply in Democritus Epigrammaticus 11k, Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 267a2, compare variant “de An.” 405a20) ; also Λυδία λ. by Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 800 (but in Bacchylides Lyricus “fragment” 10 Josephus Historicus Λυδία λ. = touchstone); Ἡρακλεία λ. by Plato Philosophus “Ion” 533d, Epicurus Philosophus “Fragmenta” 293 ; so of a touchstone, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 486d ; ἡ διαφανὴς λ. a piece of crystal used for a burning-glass, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 767, compare Lucianus Sophista “Alex.” 21 ; χυτὴ λ. was perhaps a kind of glass, and so an older name for ὕαλος, Epinicus Comicus 1.8 (the same thing as the ἀρτήματα λίθινα χυτά in Herodotus Historicus 2.69; compare τὴν ὕαλον.. ὅσα τε λίθων χυτὰ εἴδη καλεῖται Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 61c) ; λ. = precious stone is feminine in Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ γυναικείης φύσιος” 99, “IG” 22.1421.92, 1460.21, but masc. in Herodotus Historicus 2.44, etc. ; in the sense of marble mostly masculine, λευκὸς λ. prev. author 4.87 (simply λίθος 1.164), Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 330 (λευκοὶ λ. is opposed to πέτρινοι λ. “Supp.epigram” 4.446.8 (from Didyma)) ; Πάριος λ. Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 4.81, Herodotus Historicus 3.57; Ταινάριος λ. 1st cStrabo Geographus 8.5.7 ; λ. Θάσιος, Αἰγύπτιος, etc., Pausanias Periegeta 1.18.6, etc.; κογχίτης prev. author 1.44.6; κογχυλιάτης Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.4.10; but Παρία λ. Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 6.38, Lucianus Sophista “Am.” 13 ; compare λυχνίας, -ίτη; πώρινος λ. tufa, Herodotus Historicus 5.62.
__II.2 collectively, πέφυκε λίθος.. ἄφθονος, ἐξ οὗ.. Xenophon Historicus “de Vectigalibus” 1.4.
__III grave-stone (feminine), Callimachus Epicus “Epigrammata” 8.1.
__IV at Athens, λίθος, ὁ, was a name for various blocks of stone used for rostra or platforms, as,
__IV.1 the βῆμα (which see) of the Pnyx, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 683, “Pax” 680, “Ec.” 87.
__IV.2 another in the ἀγορά used by the κήρυκες, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Solon” 8 ; probably the same as ὁ πρατὴρ λ., on which the auctioneer stood when selling slaves, etc., 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 3.78, compare 126.
__IV.3 an altar in the ἀγορά, at which the Thesmothetae, arbitrators, and witnesses took their oaths, Philochorus Historicus 65, Demosthenes Orator 54.26 (restored from Harpocratio Grammaticus see at {λίθος}), Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 7.1, 55.5, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Solon” 25 ; compare λιθωμότης.
__IV.4 two stones on which litigants stood in the Areopagus, Pausanias Periegeta 1.28.5.
__V piece on a draughtboard, Alcaeus Lyricus 82, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 6.18, compare γραμμή 111.1: hence pronoun, πάντα λίθον κινεῖν Zenobius Paroemiographus 5.63 (who explains it differently).
__VI in Medicine texts, stone in the bladder, calculus, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 519b19, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ νούσων” 4.55, al.
__VII Δία λίθον ὀμνύναι, = Latin Jovem lapidem jurare, Polybius Historicus 3.25.6.
__VIII λίθοι χαλάζης hail- stones, LXX.Josh.10.11.
__IX λ. ὁ οὐ λ. the philosophers' stone, Zosimus Epigrammaticus Alch. p.122 Bacchylides Lyricus

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks λιθάζω G3034 "stenen werpen (met)"; Grieks λίθινος G3035 "steen (als van)"; Grieks λιθοβολέω G3036 "doden door steniging, stenigen"; Grieks λιθόστρωτος G3038 "mozaiek, marmerplaveisel, Lithostrotos"; Grieks χρυσόλιθος G5555 "";

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