meer, liever, eerder, veeleer
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

μάλα, adv., [in LXX for אֲבָל H61, III Ki 1:43, Da LXX 10:21, al.; compar. for מ heb, Nu 13:32 (31), al.; μᾶλλον ἠ (מ heb), Ge 19:9, al.; superlat., II Mac 8:7, IV Mac 4:22 12:9 15:4;] I. Pos., very, very much, exceedingly (cl.; LXX ut supr.; in NT its place is taken by λίαν, σφόδρα, etc.). II. Compar., μᾶλλον 1. Of increase, more; with qualifying words: πολλῷ, Mk 10:48, Lk 18:39, Ro 5:15, 17, Phl 2:12, al.; πόσῳ, Lk 12:24, Ro 11:12, al.; τοσούτῳ . . . ὅσῳ, He 10:25. 2. Of comparison, the more: Lk 5:15, Jo 5:18, Ac 5:14, I Th 4:1, 10, II Pe 1:10; ἔτι μ. καὶ μ., Phl 1:9; c. compar., Mk 7:36, II Co 7:13; πολλῴ μ. κρεῖσσον, Phl 1:23; μ. διαφέρειν, c. gen., Mt 6:26; μ. ἤ, Mt 18:13; c. gen., I Co 14:18; as periphr. for compar., Ac 20:35, I Co 9:15, Ga 4:27; μ. δέ (EV, yea rather), Ro 8:34. 3. Of preference, rather, the rather, sooner: with qualifying words, πολλῷ, Mt 6:30, al.; πολύ, He 12:25; πόσῳ, Mt 7:11, al.; in a question, οὐ μ., I Co 9:12; after a neg., Mt 10:6, al.; θέλω (εὐδοκῶ) μ., I Co 14:5, II Co 5:8; ζηλῶ, I Co 14:1; c. subst., τ. σκότος ἢ τ. φῶς, Jo 3:19; μ. δέ, Ga 4:9. III. Superl., μάλιστα, most, most of all, above all: Ac 20:38 25:26, Ga 6:10, Phl 4:22, I Ti 4:10 5:8, 17, II Ti 4:13, Tit 1:10, Phm 16, II Pe 2:10; μ. γνώστης, Ac 26:3.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

Included with: μάλα μᾰλᾰ;
  but Homerus Epicus sometimes uses the ultima long before λ, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.214, 4.379 ; before μ, 10.172, adverb very, exceedingly, prefixed or subjoined to Adjectives, Verbs, and Adverbs:
__1 strengthening the word with which it stands,
__1.a with adjectives, in Homerus Epicus most frequently, μάλα πολλά very many, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.1 ; μ. πᾶσα, μ. πάντα, every one, all together, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.741, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.306, etc. ; μάλ᾽ ἀσκηθής all unhurt, 5.26 ; ἀβληχρὸς μ. τοῖος quite gentle, 11.135 ; σαρδάνιον μ. τοῖον a quite sardonic smile, 20.302; μάλα μυρίοι 15.556, 16.121, etc. ; ἐμέο πρότερος μ. actually before me, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.124 ; later, μ. φιλόσοφοι, πλάτανος μάλ᾽ ἀμφιλαφής, etc., Plato Philosophus “Parmenides” 126b, “Phdr.” 230b, etc.: strengthened, μ. δὴ πρεσβύτης very old, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.7.1; μ. γέ τινες ὀλίγοι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 531e.
__1.b with Advs., πάγχυ μ., μ. πάγχυ, quite utterly, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.165, 14.143; πάνυ μ. Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 80c ; εὖ μ. right well, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.190, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 92d, etc.; μάλα.. εὖ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.175, compare Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 156a ; μάλ᾽ αὐτίκα (see. αὐτίκα); μάλ᾽ αἰεί for ever and aye, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.557, 23.717 ; ἄχρι μ. κνέφαος until quite dark, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.370 ; μάλ᾽ ὧδε just in this way, 6.258 ; μ. διαμπερές right through, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.362 ; μ. μόλις (see. μόλις); to express repeated action, μάλ᾽ αὖθις Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1345, “Ch.” 654; μάλ᾽ αὖ Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1410, etc. ; μ. alone, ἔα, ἔα μ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 870; οἲ μ. καὶ τόδ᾽ ἀλγῶ prev. author “Pers.” 1045 (Lyric poetry); εἶα μ. Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 460s q. (so ἄλλος πύργος.., καὶ ἕτερος μ. ἐπὶ τούτῳ Herodotus Historicus 1.181, compare 7.186): frequently after καί, αὗταί σ᾽ ὁδηγήσουσι καὶ μάλ᾽ ἀσμένως Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 728, compare “Ch.” 879: with neg., μάλ᾽ οὐ, μάλ᾽ οὔ πως, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.241, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.103; οὐ μ. Herodotus Historicus 1.93, 2.37, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 676 (Lyric poetry).
__1.c with Verbs, μήτ᾽ ἄρ με μάλ᾽ αἴνεε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.249; μ. τ᾽ ἔκλυον αὐτοῦ 1.218 ; ἡ δὲ μάλ᾽ ἡνιόχευεν drove carefully, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.319 ; μ... προπέμπει in earnest, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 915 (Lyric poetry), compare “Eu.” 368 (Lyric poetry); καὶ μ. δοκοῦντας φρονίμους εἶναι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.1.36; μ. πολιορκούμενοι prev. author “HG” 7.1.25.
__2 strengthening an assertion, νῦν σε μ. χρὴ αἰχμητὴν ἔμεναι, i.e. now or never, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.492 ; τῷ κε μάλ᾽ ἤ κεν μεῖνε.. then doubtless he would have stayed, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.733 ; σοὶ δὲ μάλ᾽ ἕψομ᾽ ἐγώ yes indeed.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.108 ; ἀλλὰ μάλ᾽ ὤφελλες why plainly.., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.472: frequently with another word, as ἦ μ. δή .. now in very truth, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.422, etc.; ἦ δή που μ. 21.583; frequently ἦ μ. (without δή) 3.204, etc.
__3 in Homerus Epicus sometimes after εἰ, as εἰ μ. μιν χόλος ἵκοι if wrath come on him ever so much, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.399, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.485, al.; καὶ εἰ μ. τις πολεμίζοι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.318 ; also μ. περ with participle, μ. περ μεμαώς though desiring never so much, 13.317, compare 14.58, 17.710, al. ; καὶ μ. περ 1.217, compare 17.571; καὶ εὐρέα περ μάλ᾽ ἐόντα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.385.
__4 in Attic dialect frequently in answers, yes, certainly, μ. γε Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 555d, 564e, etc.; μ. τοι Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.2.46; καὶ μ. Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 258c; καὶ μ. γε prev. author “Tht.” 148c, etc.; καὶ μ. δή prev. work 177a ; καὶ μ. ἐπαύσατο certainly it stopped, prev. author “Smp.” 189a, etc.
__II comparative μᾶλλον ᾱ by nature, Hdn.Gr. 2.932, Ion. μάλιον ᾰ only in Tyrtaeus Elegiacus 12.6, cf. Choerob.in “Anecdota Graeca - MSS. Bibl. Oxon.” 2.240 ; late Doric dialect μαλλότερον Pempelus Philosophus cited in Stobaeus, Joannes 4.25.52 :—more, rather, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.231, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.351, al.: mostly followed by ἤ, but in Prose also by a gen., μ. τοῦ ξυμφέροντος more than is expedient, Antipho Orator 5.1; μ. τοῦ δέοντος Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 487b, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.3.8 (sometimes expressed by μᾶλλον alone, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 63d); οὐπώποτ᾽ ἔργου μ. εἱλόμην λόγους Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 394 ; παντὸς μ. most assuredly, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 715d (see. below 8); in prev. author “Ap.” 36d, οὐκ ἔσθ᾽ ὅτι μ. πρέπει οὕτως, ὡς.., ὡς is probably ={ἤ} (see. ὡς) : denoting a constant increase, more and more, sometimes doubled, μ. μ. Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1406, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1001 (Lyric poetry), Alexander Rhetor 29 : in positive sense, exceedingly, κηρόθι μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.300, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.370, al.: —Usage:
__II.1 frequently strengthened by other words, πολὺ μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.700, etc.; ἔτι μ. 14.97, al.; μ. ἔτ᾽ ἢ τὸ πάροιθεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.322; καὶ μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.470; καὶ μ. ἔτι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.22; ἔτι καὶ μ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 10.57; ἔτι καὶ πολὺ μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.386, 429, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 428; ἐπὶ μ. Herodotus Historicus 3.104; ἔτι ἐπὶ μ. prev. author 1.94; πολλῷ μ. Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 80e, NT.1Cor.12.22: also modified, μᾶλλόν τι somewhat more, μ. τι περιημέκτεε Herodotus Historicus 1.114, compare 50, etc.; μ. ἤδη προσδεχομένου Thucydides Historicus 8.71.
__II.2 sometimes with a second comparative, ῥηΐτεροι μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.243, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.32, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 673, “Supp.” 279, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1210, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 222, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 79e, Isaeus Orator 4.14 (assuming variant), Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 116b24.
__II.3 μᾶλλον δέ much more.., or rather.., to correct a statement already made, ὁ δεσπότης πέπραγεν εὐτυχέστατα, μ. δ᾽ ὁ Πλοῦτος αὐτός Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 634; πολλοί, μ. δὲ πάντες Demosthenes Orator 18.65, compare Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 173e; so ἢ μ. Cornutus Philosophus “de Natura Deorum” 20, Simplicius Philosophus “in Aristotelis Physica commentaria - Comm. in Arist. Graeca” 25.16 ; οὐχὶ μ. ἤ.. not so, but rather so.., Thucydides Historicus 2.87.
__II.4 μ. δὲ καὶ ἡσυχαίτερα more or less violent, prev. author 3.82.
__II.5 οὐδὲν μ. none the more, prev. work 79; οὐδέν τι μ. Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 87d ; μηδέν τι μ. ἤ.. Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 280.
__II.6 μ. ἤ.. followed by οὐ in comparisons, where preference implies rejection or denial, πόλιν ὅλην διαφθεῖραι μᾶλλον ἤ οὐ τοὺς αἰτίους Thucydides Historicus 3.36 : preceded by another negative, Herodotus Historicus 4.118, 5.94, 7.16. γ, etc.: by an _interrogative_ which conveys a neg. force, τίδεῖ.. μᾶλλον, ἤ οὐ..; Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.3.15.
__II.7 τὸ μ. καὶ ἧττον, a form of argument, a fortiori, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1397b12.
__II.8 παντὸς μ., see at {πᾶς} III.4.
__III superlative μάλιστα most of all, above all, Homerus Epicus, etc.; πᾶσι, μάλιστα δ᾽ ἐμοί Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.353 ; μ. μὲν.., ἔπειτα or ἔπειτα δέ.., first and above all.., next.., Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 647, compare “Ph.” 1285 ; μ. μὲν.., δεύτερον δὲ.. Isaeus Orator 2.20 ; μ. μὲν.., εἰ δὲ μὴ.. Herodotus Historicus 8.22, Thucydides Historicus 1.40, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 590d, Demosthenes Orator 20.25, etc.; τοῦτο δ᾽ ἐστὶ μ. μὲν θάνατος, εἰ δὲ μή, πάντα τὰ ὄντα ἀφελέσθαι prev. author 21.152 ; μάλιστα μὲν.., μᾶλλον μέντοι.. Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 180b ; μάλιστα.., εἰ μὴ δ᾽.. Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 617 ; δοκέων μιν μ. ταύτης ἂν πείθεσθαι certainly, Herodotus Historicus 3.53 ; τί μ.; what precisely? Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 448d, compare “Men.” 80b, “Smp.” 218c: with gen. _partitive_, μ. πάντων Herodotus Historicus 2.37, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 327a, compare Thucydides Historicus 4.86 ; τὸ μ. πάντων the supreme reality, Plotinus Philosophus 5.5.11 ; τὸ μ. εἶναι the highest degree of being, prev. author 6.2.7.
__III.1 strengthened, ὡς μ. certainly, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 294, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 460a, etc.; ὅσον μ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 524; ὅσα ἐδύνατο μ. Herodotus Historicus 1.185; ὡς δύναμαι μ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 367b; ὡς οἷόν τε μ. prev. author “Grg.” 510b; εἰς ὅσον ἀνθρώπῳ δυνατὸν μ. prev. author “Phdr.” 277a; ὅτι μ. δύνασαι prev. author “Sph.” 239b; μακρῷ μ. Herodotus Historicus 1.171; πολλῷ μ. Pausanias Periegeta 1.42.3; παντὸς μ. Dionysius Halicarnassensis 3.35, etc.
__III.2 with the Article, ἐς τὰ μ. in the highest degree, Herodotus Historicus 1.20, 2.76, Thucydides Historicus 6.104, 8.6, Demosthenes Orator 21.212: without ἐς, φίλοι τὰ μ. Herodotus Historicus 2.147, compare Thucydides Historicus 1.92, Demosthenes Orator 21.62; τά γε μ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 794d ; εἰ τὰ μ. ἦσαν ἀληθεῖς if they were ever so true, Demosthenes Orator 18.95 ; εἰ τὰ μ. μὴ τινές, ἀλλὰ πάντες.. if (to put an extreme case) not some, but all.., prev. author 20.2; εἰ.. δοκοίη τὰ μ. prev. author 18.21 ; ἀνὴρ δόκιμος ὁμοῖα τῷ μ. as famous as he that is most famous, Herodotus Historicus 7.118, compare 3.8; τοῖς μάλισθ᾽ ὁμοίως Demosthenes Orator “Epistulae” 2.24.
__III.2.b ἐν τοῖς μ. especially, as much as any, Thucydides Historicus 8.90, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 173b, etc. : with a superlative, ἐν τοῖς μ. ὠμότατος Aelianus “Varia Historia” 14.40; φιλτάτη καὶ ἀναγκαιοτάτη ἐν τοῖς μ. Procopius Caesariensis Historicus “Historia Arcana” 4.
__III.3 added to a superlative (see. μάλα 11.2, πλεῖστον), ἔχθιστος μ., μ. φίλτατος, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.220, 24.334; μ. κῃ ἐμφερέστατα Herodotus Historicus 2.76; μ. φίλτατος Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1421: to a Comp. (?), μ. δὴ ὀκνηρότεροι ἐγένοντο Thucydides Historicus 4.55.
__III.4 μάλιστα for μᾶλλον, μ. τῆς κόρης Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 1594; μ. ἤ ἐμοί Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.91.
__III.5 with numerals, in round numbers, about, Thucydides Historicus 3.29, 92, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.2.31, etc. ; πεντήκοντα μάλιστα is 49 in Thucydides Historicus 1.118; ἑκατοστὸς μ. 99t h, prev. author 8.68 ; ἐς μέσον μάλιστά κῃ about the middle, Herodotus Historicus 1.191, compare 76; ἥμισυ μ. Thucydides Historicus 1.93 ; μ. σφᾶς μεσοῦν δειπνοῦντας that they were about the middle of supper, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 175c; κου μ. Herodotus Historicus 7.22; μ. πως Polybius Historicus 2.41.13.
__III.6 in answers, most certainly, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 827, etc.; μ. γε Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 994, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 253; μ. πάντων prev. author “Av.” 1531; πάντων μ. Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 453d; see above 1.4 . (Orig. perhaps fiercely, compare μαλερός.)

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