G3140 μαρτυρέω
getuige zijn
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Getuige,

Statistieken

Komt 77x voor in 14 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

martyreo̱,
Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

μαρτυρέω, -ῶ (< μάρτυς), [in LXX chiefly for עֵד H5707 (Ge 31:47, 48, al.), also for עוּד H5749 hi. (Ge 43:3, La 2:13), ענה H6030 (Nu 35:30);] (a) prop., to be a witness, bear witness, testify: absol. (Pind., al.), Jo 15:27, Ac 26:5; parenthetical (Bl., § 79, 7; MM, xvi), II Co 8:3; c. dat. pers. (comm. et incomm.; Bl., § 37, 2), Ac 22:5, He 10:15; id. seq. ὅτι, Mt 23:31, Ro 10:2, al.; acc. et inf., Ac 10:43; c. acc. rei (cl.), Jo 3:11, Re 22:16, 20; c. acc. cogn., seq. περί, Jo 5:32, I Jn 5:10; c. dat. rei, Jo 5:33, Ac 14:3, al.; seq. περί, c. gen. (pers. et rei), Jo 1:7, 8, 15 2:25 18:23 21:24, al.; id. seq. ὅτι, Jo 5:36 7:7; ὅτι, Jo 1:34 4:44 al.; ὅτι recit., Jo 4:39; κατά seq. ὅτι, I Co 15:15; pass., He 7:8; ptcp., Ro 3:21; impers., He 7:17; (b) in late Gk., to witness favourably, give a good report, approve (Bl., § 54, 3; MM, xvi; Deiss., BS, 265): c. dat. pers., Lk 4:22; seq. ἐπί c. dat. rei, He 11:4; pass., Ac 6:3; seq. ἐν, I Ti 5:10, He 11:2; διά, c. gen. rei, He 11:39; c. gen. pers., Ac 10:22, al.; impers., III Jo 12 (cf. ἐπι-, συν-επι-, κατα-, συν-μαρτυρέω).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

μαρτῠρ-έω,
  future -ήσω Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.21 :—passive, future μαρτυρηθήσομαι Isaeus Orator 8.13, Demosthenes Orator 19.40 ; μαρτυρήσομαι in passive sense, Xenophon Historicus (see.below 9), Demosthenes Orator 57.37: aorist ἐμαρτυρήθην: perfect μεμαρτύρημαι Antipho Orator 6.16 , used in active sense, LXX.Gen.43.3 :—bear witness, give evidence:—Constr.:
__1 absolutely, Simonides Lyricus 4.7, Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 5(4).48; μαρτυροῦντι πιστεύειν Antipho Orator 2.2.7; ἐξέστω καὶ τοῖς δούλοις μαρτυρεῖν “PLille” 29.20 (3rd c.BC),compare “SIG” 953.19 (Calymna, 2nd c.BC), etc.
__2 with dative person, bear witness to or in favour of another, confirm what he says, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 594, Herodotus Historicus 8.94, etc. ; μαρτυρέει μοι τῇ γνώμῃ, ὅτι.. bears witness to my opinion, that.., prev. author 2.18, compare 4.29; μαρτυρεῖς σαυτῷ Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 532 ; especially bear favourable witness to, give a good report of a person, “IG” 22.657 (3rd c.BC), etc. ; πάντες ἐμαρτύρουν αὐτῷ “Eu. Luc.” 4.22. b. with dat. rei, μ. τῇ διαθήκῃ “POxy.” 494.33 (2nd c.AD), etc.
__3 with accusative of things, testify to a thing, Alcaeus Lyricus 102, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.108, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 515, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 244d; μ. τινί τι Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.21, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 797 (Lyric poetry).
__4 μ. περί τινος Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 21a; ὑπέρ τινος Demosthenes Orator 29.54.
__5 with infinitive, testify that a thing is, 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 34, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1265, etc. ; τίς σοι μαρτυρήσει ταῦτ᾽ ἐμοῦ κλύει; that he heard.. ? prev. author “Tr.” 422, compare Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 977; ὁ κληθεὶς μαρτυρείτω ἀληθῆ μαρτυρεῖν “PHal.” 1.225 (3rd c.BC) : rarely with participle, μαρτυρεῖτέ μοι.. ῥινηλατούσῃ Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1184; μ. τισὶ παραγινομέναις Dionysius Halicarnassensis 8.46.
__6 μ. τινὶ ὡς.. Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 494, compare Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 523c; σώματα.. ὡς ἔστιν, αὐτὴ ἡ αἴσθησις.. μ. Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 1p.6U. ; μ. ὅτι.. Xenophon Historicus “de Vectigalibus” 4.25.
__7 μ. τινὶ τῆς συμμαχίας testify to, acknowledge the value of his alliance, Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 13.5.3.
__8 with accusative cognate, μαρτυρίαν μ. Isaeus Orator 11.25, Plato Philosophus “Eryxias” 399b ; μ. ἀκοήν give hearsay evidence, Demosthenes Orator 57.4 ; μ. ψεῦδος, ψεύδη, bear false witness, Amipsias Comicus 13, Diphilus Comicus 32.16; τὰ ψευδῆ Lysias Orator 19.4; τἀληθῆ Aeschines Orator 1.46 :—passive, μαρτυρίαι μαρτυρηθεῖσαι Demosthenes Orator 47.1; μεμαρτύρηταί τι περί τινος Antipho Orator 6.16, compare Lysias Orator 13.66.
__9 impersonal in passive, παρ᾽ ἄλλου ποιητοῦ μαρτυρεῖται testimony is borne by.., Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 344d ; οἶδα.. μαρτυρήσεσθαί μοι ὅτι.. Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.8.10, compare “Ap.” 26 ; μεμαρτύρηται ὑμῖν testimony has been given before you, Lysias Orator 19.55, Isaeus Orator 9.5.
__10 passive, μαρτυρεῖταί μοι σοφία is ascribed to me, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 2.26 ; μαρτυροῦμαι ἐμπειρίαν I have it ascribed to me, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.58a, compare Lucianus Sophista “Sacr.” 10; καλοκἀγαθίαν μαρτυρούμενος Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 15.10.5 ; μαρτυροῦμαι ἐπί τινι I bear a character for.., Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 1.25 f ; ἄνδρας μαρτυρουμένους men whose character is approved by testimony, NT.Acts.6.3; τεχνίτας.. μαρτυρηθέντας ὑπό τινος “SIG” 799.28 (Cyzicus, 1st c.AD); δι᾽ ὅλης οἰκουμένης μαρτυρούμενον θεόν “Sammelb.” 1070 (from Abydos).
__II Astrology texts, to be in aspect with, with dative, Ptolemaeus Mathematicus “Tetrabiblos” 123; μ. τὴν μοῖραν “Catalogus Codicum Astrologorum” 7.226 :—passive, 2nd c.BC(?): Nechepso Astrologus cited in Vettius Valens Astrologus 279.23.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks διαμαρτύρομαι G1263 "getuigen"; Grieks ἐπιμαρτυρέω G1957 "staven"; Grieks καταμαρτυρέω G2649 "beschuldigen, getuigen tegen"; Grieks μάρτυς G3144 "getuige"; Grieks συμμαρτυρέω G4828 "medegetuigen";

Literatuur


Commentaar

Zie de huisregels welk commentaar wordt opgenomen!


Mede mogelijk dankzij