G3162 μάχαιρα
zwaard, mes
Taal: Grieks

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Zwaard,

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Komt 29x voor in 9 Bijbelboeken.

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machaira, zn. vrl.; TDNT 4:524, 572;


1) zwaard, lange dolk; enkelzijdig geslepen.


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

μάχαιρα, -ης (Att. -ας; v. WH, App., 156a; Bl., § 7, 1), , [in LXX chiefly for חֶרֶב H2719; also for מַאֲכֶלֶת H3979, etc.;] 1. (in Hom., al.) a large knife or dirk, for sacrificial purposes (Ge 22:6, 10, Jg 19:29 A). 2. a short sword or dagger (as disting. from ῥομφαία, a large broad sword and ξίφος, a straight sword for thrusting): Mt 26:47 ff., Mk 14:43, 47, 48, Lk 22:36 ff., Jo 18:10, 11 Ac 16:27, He 11:37, Re 6:4 13:10, 14; στόμα μαχαίρης (as in Heb. פִּה H6310 חֶרֶב H2719, Ge 34:26, al.), the edge of the sword: Lk 21:24, He 11:34; μ. δίστομος, He 4:12; ἀναιρεῖν μαχαίρῃ, Ac 12:2; τὴν μ. φορεῖν, Ro 13:4. Metaph., Mt 10:34 (opp. to εἰρήνη), Ro 8:35; μ. τοῦ πνεύματος, Eph 6:17.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

μάχαιρ-α μᾰ, ας
  (later -ης, dative -ῃ, “PTeb.” 16.14 (2nd c.BC), NT.Luke.21.24, etc.), ἡ, large knife or dirk, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.844, 18.597, 19.252; μ. ἥ οἱ πὰρ ξίφεος μέγα κουλεὸν αἰὲν ἄωρτο 3.271 ; carving-knife, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.49, Herodotus Historicus 2.61, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 489, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 353a, etc.; κοπίδες μ. Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 242 ; sacrificial knife, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 948, Plato Comicus 91, “Michel” 832.52 (Samos, 4th c.BC): —ἡ Δελφικὴ μ. a knife adapted to various purposes, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1252b2, compare 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus see at {Δελφικὴ μ}.; proverbial, of greedy persons, because Delphian sacrificers claimed a share for the knife, “App.Prov.” 1.94.
__2 as a weapon, short sword, dagger, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 4.59, Herodotus Historicus 6.75, 7.225, Lysias Orator 13.87, etc.; an assassin's weapon, Antipho Orator 5.69 ; used by jugglers, Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 294e (pl.), etc. ; later, sabre, opposed to the straight sword (ξίφος), Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 12.11, compare “HG” 3.3.7, “Cyr.” 1.2.13, NT.Matt.26.52, etc.; οἱ ἐπὶ τῆς μ., of a bodyguard, Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 1.30.7 ; but, ἐπὶ μ. τασσόμενοι possessing power of life and death (jus gladii), Cat.Codex Astr. 8(4).173 ; μ. ἱππική cavalry sabre, Inscriptiones Graecae 11(2).161 B 99 (Delos, 3rd c.BC).
__3 μ. κουρίδες, shears or scissors, Cratinus Comicus 37 ; κεκαρμένος μοιχὸν μιᾶ μ., i.e. with one blade, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 849, compare 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 2.32 (where διπλῇ is f.l.), 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus see entry {μιᾷ μαχαίρ; μ. κουρικαί} Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Dio” 9.
__4 metaphorically, διὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ πυρός Zenobius Paroemiographus 3.19, compare Posidippus Comicus 1.10; μ. τοῦ πνεύματος NT.Eph.6.17, cf. LXX.Isa.49.2.
__II name of a precious stone, Aristoteles Philosophus “Mirabilia” 847a5, Pseudo-Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Fluv.” 10.5.
__III part of the liver, Rufus Medicus “περὶ ὀνομασίας” 180.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks μάχη G3163 "gevecht, slag";

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