G3164 μάχομαι
vechten
Taal: Grieks

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machomai,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

μάχομαι, [in LXX chiefly for ריב H7378, also for נצה H5327 ni., etc.;] 1. to fight: Ac 7:26. 2. to quarrel, dispute: II Ti 2:24, Ja 4:2; πρὸς ἀλλήλους, Jo 6:52 (cf. δια-μάχομαι).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

μάχομαι ᾰ,
  Ionic dialect present optative μαχέοιτο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.272, μαχέοιντο prev. work 344 (variant{μαχέονται}) ; participle μαχεόμενος variant in Herodotus Historicus 7.104 (elsewhere μαχόμενος, 9.75, al.) ; Epic dialect μαχειόμενος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.471, μαχεούμενος 11.403, 24.113 : Epic dialect imperfect μαχέσκετο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.140 : future μαχήσομαι 23.621, Herodotus Historicus 7.209 ; μαχέσομαι, δια-μαχεσόμεθα (as variant) prev. author 9.48 ; also in late Prose, Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 11.8.3, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.215f; μαχοῦμαι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 837, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1076, etc., μαχεῖται even in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.26, but μαχέονται 2.366; Ep. μαχέσσομαι variant for{μαχήσομαι} 1.298 : aorist ἐμαχεσάμην Herodotus Historicus 1.18, etc.; opt. μαχέσαιο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.329 ; infinitive μαχέσασθαι 17.178, also μαχέσσασθαι 15.633; opt. μαχεσσαίμεσθα Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.74 ; participle μαχεσσαμένω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.304; later μαχήσασθαι Pausanias Periegeta 1.27.1, (ἀνα-) Diodorus Siculus Historicus 19.93 : perfect μεμάχημαι Thucydides Historicus 7.43, Lysias Orator 7.41, Isocrates Orator 6.54 : late aorist ἐμαχέσθην Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.970f, Pausanias Periegeta 5.4.9: future μαχεσθήσομαι only Scholia recentia Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 672 :—fight, Homerus Epicus, etc.; ὑσμῖνι μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.863; πολεμίζειν ἠδὲ μ. prev. work 452, etc. ; μάχην μ. Xenophon Historicus “Agesilaus” 5.5: in Homerus Epicus mostly of armies and persons fighting as parts of armies, but sometimes of single combat, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.91, 433, 7.51, 111, 279, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.31, 39 ; between men and beasts, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.633, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.15; between beasts, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.824 :—Constr.: with dative person, fight with, i. e. against, one, ἀνδράσιν ἶφι μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.151, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1253, etc. ; μ. ἀντία, ἐναντίον τινός, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.88, 97; ἐπί τινι 5.124, etc.; πρός τινα 17.471, but πρὸς δαίμονα against heaven's will, prev. work 98 (in Attic. Prose, mostly with dat. or πρός, μ. τοῖς πολεμίοις Demosthenes Orator 4.47; πρὸς ἀλλήλους Isocrates Orator 4.116) ; μ. σὺν σοί,.. θεά, with thy help, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.390 ; μετὰ πρώτοισι μ. among the foremost, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.575 ; μετὰ Βοιωτῶν μ. with them, in their ranks, 13.700; πρός τινας μετ᾽ ἀλλήλων Isocrates Orator 10.53, compare Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 179a ; κατὰ σφέας γὰρ μαχέονται will fight by themselves, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.366 (but κατ᾽ ἕνα μ. fight in single combat, Herodotus Historicus 7.104) ; μ. πρό τινος before him: hence, metaphorically, for him, in his defence, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.156, 8.56, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.4.33, etc.; ὑπὲρ τοῦ νόμου 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 44; πάτρας ὕπερ Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1002; Ἕλλησιν ὑπὲρ Ἑλλήνων Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 239b; περὶ δαιτί Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.245 ; but later usually περί τινος, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 740, Cratinus Comicus 163, Herodotus Historicus 1.95; ἀμφί τινι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.70, 91; ἀμφὶ νέκυι 16.565; εἵνεκά τινος 2.377: with dat. instrum., τόξοισι, πελέκεσσι μ., 7.140, 15.711 (χερσὶ μαχέσσασθαι , of boxers, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.39) ; μ. ἀπ᾽ ἵππου fight from horseback, Herodotus Historicus 9.63 ; τὸ μήπω μεμαχημένον the force that had not yet come into action, Thucydides Historicus 7.43.
__2 with accusative, fight against, only falsa lectio in Philostratus Sophista “Philostrati majoris imagines” 2.23.
__II generally, quarrel, wrangle, ἔριδι μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.8; μ. ἐπέεσσιν prev. work 304, etc. ; τινι 5.875, 13.118 ; τῷ παιδὶ μ. make a scene with.., Theophrastus Philosophus “Characteres” 23.8 ; dispute, argue, περί τι μ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 342d, etc.
__III contend for the mastery in games, etc., πὺξ μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.621 ; measure oneself with or against, τινι 1.272; παγκράτιον μ. Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1190, 1195; μ. Ὀλυμπιάδα Philostratus Sophista “de gymnastica” 21.
__IV after Homerus Epicus , struggle against a force, ἀνάγκᾳ δ᾽ οὐδὲ θεοὶ μ. Simonides Lyricus 5.21; ὄμβρῳ Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 26.4; πρὸς ἡνίας μ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1010; πρὸς ἐπιθυμίας ἢ ἡδονάς Plato Philosophus “Laches” 191e ; μ. τῷ λιμῷ, τῷ δίψει, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.1.5.
__V with infinitive, struggle, make an effort to do, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 552a23.
__VI of arguments, propositions, etc., to be in contradiction or inconsistent, τρία ὁμολογήματα μ. αὐτὰ αὑτοῖς Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 155b, compare Polybius Historicus 16.28.4; μαχόμενα Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Mus.” p.95 K., Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “Πυρρώνειοι ὑποτυπώσεις” 1.198, al.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks διαμάχομαι G1264 "uitvechten"; Grieks θεομάχος G2314 "vechten (tegen God)"; Grieks θηριομαχέω G2341 "vechten (met wilde dieren)"; Grieks θυμομαχέω G2371 "verbitterd zijn"; Grieks λογομαχέω G3054 "twisten"; Grieks Ματθαῖος G3156 "Mattheus"; Grieks μάχη G3163 "gevecht, slag";

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