G3358 μέτρον
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Taal: Grieks

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metron,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

μέτρον, -ου, τό, [in LXX chiefly for מִדָּה H4060, also for אֵיפָה H374, etc.;] 1. that which is used for measuring, a measure (a) a vessel: fig., Mt 23:32, Lk 6:38; ἐκ μ., by measure, Jo 3:34; (b) a rod or rule: Re 21:15, 17; fig., Mt 7:2, Mk 4:24. 2. That which is measured, measure: c. gen. rei, Ro 12:3, II Co 10:13, Eph 4:7, 13, 16.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

μέτρον, τό,
  that by which anything is measured:
__1 measure, rule, μέτρ᾽ ἐν χερσὶν ἔχοντες Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.422; ἐν μέτροισι ταμὼν δόνακας “hymnus ad Mercurium” 47 ; πάντ᾽ ἄνδρα πάντων χρημάτων μ. εἶναι is a measure of all things, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 183c, compare Protagoras Philosophus cited in Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1053a36; μ. αὐτῷ οὐχ ἡ ψυχή, ἀλλ᾽ ὁ νόμος Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.3.18.
__1.b in Mathematics texts, measure, divisor, Eratosthenes Epicus cited in Nicomachus Gerasenus Mathematicus “Arithmetica Introductio” 1.13, etc.
__2 measure of content, whether solid or liquid, δῶκεν μέθυ, χίλια μ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.471; εἴκοσι δ᾽ ἔστω μ... ἀλφίτου Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.355; ὕδατος ἀνὰ εἴκοσι μ. χεῦε 9.209, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.268, 741, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 350, 600, etc. ; at Samos, of the μέδιμνος, “SIG” 976.55 (2nd c.BC) ; in Egypt, of the ἀρτάβη, μ. δοχικόν “PTeb.” 11.6 (2nd c.BC); also of smaller units, as μ. ἑξαχοίνικον prev. work 105.40 (2nd c.BC) ; μέτροις καὶ σταθμοῖς by measure and weight, Decrees cited in Andocides Orator 1.83 ; in the widest sense, either weight or measure, Φείδωνος τοῦ τὰ μ. ποιήσαντος Πελοποννησίοισι Herodotus Historicus 6.127 ; μ. οἰνηρά, σιτηρά, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1135a2; Κιλικίῳ μ. μετρεῖν “OGI” 579.2 (from Cilicia).
__3 any space measured or measurable, length, size, in plural, dimensions, μέτρα κελεύθου the length of the way, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.389; μέτρα θαλάσσης Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 648, Oracle texts cited in Herodotus Historicus 1.47 ; μορφῆς μέτρα bodily dimensions, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 1063 ; τὰ μ. τοῦ λίθου its distances from a given point in given directions, its position, Herodotus Historicus 2.121.ά, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 843e, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Solon” 23; ἄστρων μέτρα Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 432.8; ἀπέχει.. θαλάσσης μέτρον ἑξήκοντα σταδίους Thucydides Historicus 8.95 ; τῷ Ἴστρῳ ἐκ τῶν ἴσων μ. ὁρμᾶται ὁ Νεῖλος starts from the same distances as (i.e. the position corresponding to the source of) the Ister Historicus, Herodotus Historicus 2.33; εἰδέναι τὴν ἑαυτοῦ χώραν μέτρῳ καὶ τόπῳ Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.5.3; ἐντὸς τῶν μ. τετμημένον μέταλλον Hyperides Orator “pro Euxenippo” 35 ; later of Time, duration, μέτρα βίοιο ἄρκια “APl.” 4.333 (Antiphilus Epigrammaticus) ; ἐτέων μέτρα, ὡράων μέτρον, “Anthologia Graeca” 7.334,9.481 ; μέτρα ἐνιαυτῶν, νυκτός, Aratus Epicus 464.731; χρονικὰ μ. Simplicius Philosophus in “de An.” 299.37.
__3.b limit, goal, ὅρμου μ. the goal which is the mooring-place, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.101 ; ἥβης μ. ἱκέσθαι the term which is puberty, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.225, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 132 ; but, ἥβης μ. ἔχειν full measure of youthful vigour, prev. work 438, Theognis Elegiacus 1119; σοφίης, γνωμοσύνης μ. Solon Lyricus 13.52, 16.2.
__4 due measure or limit, proportion, μέτρα φυλάσσεσθαι Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 694; χρὴ κατ᾽ αὐτὸν παντὸς ὁρᾶν μέτρον Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.34; μέτρα μὲν γνώμᾳ διώκων, μέτρα δὲ καὶ κατέχων prev. author “I.” 6(5).71; κατὰ μέτρον Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 720; πίνειν ὑπὲρ μέτρον Theognis Elegiacus 498; προστιθεὶς μ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 797 (Lyric poetry) ; τί μ. κακότατος ἔφ; Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 236 (Lyric poetry) ; μ. ἔχει have a moderating power, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 836a; πλέον πίνειν τοῦ μέτρου prev. author “R.” 621a; μ. ἔχειν prev. author “Lg.” 957a ; μέτρῳ, ={μετρίως},{καταβαίνειν} Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 8.78; οὐδεὶς τῷ μ. τὸ πίνειν ἔστεργε Alciphro Epistolographus 3.32.
__5 τίς ἱππείοις ἐν ἔντεσσιν μέτρα.. ἐπέθηκ᾽ checks, i.e. bits, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.20.
__II metre, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 638, 641, etc. ; opposed to μέλος (music) and ῥυθμός (time), Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 502c, etc. ; λόγους ψιλοὺς εἰς μέτρα τιθέντες putting into verse, prev. author “Lg.” 669d; τὰ ἐν μέτρῳ πεποιημένα ἔπη Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.2.21.
__II.2 plural, verses, Plato Philosophus “Lysis” 205a. (I.- Euripides Tragicus *métro-m from *métro-m 'measuring instrument', cf. Gothic mitan 'measure'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄμετρος G280 "onmetelijk, geweldig"; Grieks μετρέω G3354 "meten, afmeten, uitmeten, toemeten, uitdelen"; Grieks μετρίως G3357 "met mate, ingetogen, bescheiden"; Grieks σιτόμετρον G4620 "afgemeten 'deel van' graan";

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