G3397 μικρόν
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Taal: Grieks

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Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

Included with: μικρός
  and σμῑκρός, ά, όν, Doric dialect, Ionic dialect μικκός (which see): σμικρός is corroborated by metre in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.757, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 361 , and might be restored in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.801, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.296 (μικρός codices) ; it is probably the only form in Herodotus Historicus (μικρός Herodotus Historicus 2.74 codices): frequently in Lyric poetry and probably always in Trag. (except where metre requires μικρός, as Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 161 (anap., Comp.)) ; most frequently in Plato Philosophus; but in Thucydides Historicus, also Aristophanes Comicus and other Comedy texts, μικρός prevails, σμικρός being found Thucydides Historicus 4.13, 7.75, 8.81, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 523, “V.” 5 ; Attic dialect Inscrr. have σμικρός “IG” 12.313.111, al., μικρός prev. work369.10, al. :—small, little,
__1 in Size, μ. ἔην δέμας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.801; μ. λίθος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.296; κίρκον, ὅ τε σμικρῇσι φόνον φέρει ὀρνίθεσσιν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.757; σμ. ἄστεα Herodotus Historicus 1.5; μεγάθεϊ σμικροί prev. author 2.74: with Dims., μ. πολίχνιον, γῄδιον, παιδάρια, Isocrates Orator 5.145, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.3.38, “Ages.” 1.21 : as a Comedy texts exaggeration, δικαστηρίδιον μ. πάνυ Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 803; σκαλαθυρμάτι᾽ ἄττα μ. prev. author “Nu.” 630, etc. : with infinitive, μικροὶ δ᾽ ὁρᾶν prev. author “Pax” 821 : as a term of reproach, Κλειγενὴς ὁ μικρός prev. author “Ra.” 709, compare Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 323d, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1123b7, Alexander Rhetor 98.7; Ἀμύντας ὁ μ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1311b3 ; οἱ ἐν μικρῷ μεγάλοι short but stoutly built, Philostratus Sophista “de gymnastica” 36; ὁ μ. δάκτυλος “SIG” 1172.4 (from Lebena).
__2 in Quantity, σμικρὸν ἐπὶ σμικρῷ καταθεῖναι Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 361; μέλιτος μικρόν Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 878 ; μ. ὄψον, ἀργυρίδιον, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.14.1, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 240, compare Antiphanes Comicus 44.
__3 in Amount or Importance, petty, trivial, slight, σμ. πρόφασις Theognis Elegiacus 323 ; ἔπος, ἔγκλημα, ῥοπή, etc., Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 443, “Tr.” 361, “OT” 961, etc. ; ἐκ σμικροῦ λόγου on some slight pretext, prev. author “OC” 620 ; ἐν σμικρῷ λόγῳ παρῆκεν as of small account, prev. work 569; αἰτίας μικρᾶς πέρι Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 387, etc. ; οὐδὲ μικρόν, ={οὐδὲ γρῦ}, Demosthenes Orator 19.37 ; of persons, of small account, opposed to μέγας, σμ. ἐν σμικροῖς, μέγας ἐν μεγάλοις Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.107; ἄριστ᾽ ἂν καὶ μέγας ὀρθοῖθ᾽ ὑπὸ μικροτέρων Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 161 (anap.), etc.; σμ. τίθησί με prev. author “OC” 958 ; βίος ὁ μ., ={μέτριος}, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 504 ; τίνος σμικροτάτου μεταβαλόντος, σμικρότατος τὴν δύναμιν, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 473b ; of the mind, οὐ σμικρὸν φρονεῖ Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1120 ; of style, mean, Φίλιστος μικρὸς ταῖς ἐκφράσεσιν Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Veterum Censura” 3.2 ; of festivals, of lesser importance, Ἁλίεια τὰ μεγάλα καὶ τὰ μ. “SIG” 1067.14 (from Cedreae).
__II of Time, short, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 12.12, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 126, etc.; εἰς μ. χρόνον Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 498d ; ἐν μικρῷ (i.e. χρόνῳ) shortly, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 5.32, “Eq.” 8.7; πρὸ μικροῦ 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 1.72; ἔτι μικρὸν καὶ καταλιθοβολήσουσί με LXX.Exo.17.4. +5th c.BC+
__II.2 of Age, young, Ostr.Bodl. i237 (2nd c.BC), etc.
__III Adverbial usages,
__III.1 regular adverb σμικρῶς, but little, Plato Philosophus “Critias” 107d ; μικρῶς by a little, probably in Archimedes Geometra “στομάχιον” 1 : superlative σμικρότατα Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.11.12.
__III.2 σμικροῦ or μικροῦ within a little, almost, prev. author “Cyr.” 1.4.8, Demosthenes Orator 18.151, etc. ; in full, μικροῦ δεῖν, see at {δεῖ} 11, δέω (B) 1; μικροῦ τινος ἀπελείφθη τοῦ μή.. 3rd c.AD(?): Achilles Tatius Astronomus 7.13 ; but μικροῦ πρίασθαι for a little, cheap, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.10.4.
__III.3 σμικρῷ by a little, with comparative, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 262c, etc. ; also σμικρῷ πρόσθεν a little before, prev. author “Lg.” 719b, etc.; μικρῷ ἄνωθεν Demosthenes Orator 44.6.
__III.4 μικρόν a little, σμικρὸν ὑπολείπεσθαι, σμ. τι παρακλίνειν, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.4.22, Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 410a ; of Time, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.1.11, etc.; repeated, μικρὸν μικρόν Antiphanes Comicus 10: pl., of Degree, σμικρὰ γεωμετρίας ἔμπειροι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 527a, etc.; σμίκρ᾽ ἄττα διατρίψαντες prev. author “Prt.” 316a; μικρὰ διακινήσω σε περὶ τοῦ πράγματος 3rd c.BC(?): Sosipater Comicus 1.22; περιπάτησον μικρὰ μετ᾽ ἐμοῦ Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 243, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Lucullus” 31.
__III.5 with Preps.,
__III.5.a ἐπὶ σμικρόν but a little, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 414, Antipho Orator 6.18, Herodotus Historicus 4.129.
__III.5.b κατὰ μικρόν into small pieces, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.3.22; so κατὰ μικρὰ γενομένης τῆς δυνάμεως prev. work 5.6.32 ; also, little by little, κατὰ μικρὸν ἀεί Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 702, compare “Nu.” 741 ; opposed to συλλήβδην, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 344a ; καὶ κατὰ σμ. or μ. ever so little, prev. author “Sph.” 241c, Isocrates Orator 3.10, Demosthenes Orator 2.22.
__III.5.c παρὰ μικρόν within a little, παρὰ μ. ἐλθεῖν with infinitive, to be within an ace of doing, Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 295 (anap.), compare Isocrates Orator 7.6, etc.; παρὰ μ. ἦλθον ἀποθανεῖν prev. author 17.42; τὸ παρὰ μ. ὥσπερ οὐδὲν ἀπέχειν δοκεῖ Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 197a30 ; but τὸ παρὰ μ. σῴζεσθαι to be only just saved, prev. author “Rh.” 1371b11, compare Simplicius Philosophus “in Aristotelis Physica commentaria - Comm. in Arist. Graeca” 344.10 ; gradual, imperceptible change, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1303a20 ; οὐδὲ παρὰ μ. ἦν κρεῖττον with infinitive, Polybius Historicus 12.20.7; ἡ τύχη παρὰ μ. εἰς ἑκάτερα ποιεῖ μεγάλας ῥοπάς prev. author 15.6.8, compare Isocrates Orator 4.59 ; but also παρὰ μ. ποιεῖσθαι, ἡγεῖσθαι, to think little of.., Demosthenes Orator 61.51, Isocrates Orator 5.79.
__III.5.d μετὰ μικρόν a little after, NT.Matt.26.73.
__IV besides regular comparative and superlative μικρότερος, -ότατος (Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 789, Demosthenes Orator “Prooemia” 48, etc.), there are the irregular ἐλάσσων, ἐλάχιστος, from ἐλαχύς, and μείων, μεῖστος, also μειότερος ; see at {μείων. ῑ} by nature; ῐ only in late Poetry, epigram cited in Phlegon Trallianus Paradoxographus “fragment” 36.17 Josephus Historicus (Perh. cf. Latin mīca, mīcidus, OHG. smāhi, ONorse smár 'little'.)

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