G3441 μόνος
zonder hulp, alleen, eenzaam, enigste
Taal: Grieks

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Eenzaamheid,

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Komt 47x voor in 17 Bijbelboeken.

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monos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

μόνος, -η, -ον, [in LXX chiefly for לְבַד H910;] 1. adj., alone, solitary, forsaken: c. verb., Mt 14:23, Mk 6:47, Lk 9:36, al.; c. pron., Mt 18:15, Mk 9:2, al.; c. subst., Mk 9:8, Lk 4:8, al.; pleonast., οὐκ . . . εἰ μὴ μ., Mt 12:4, Lk 6:4, al.; attrib., only, () μ. θεός, Jo 5:44 17:3, Ro 16:27, I Ti 1:17, Ju 25. 2. (a) neut., μόνον, alone, only: referring to verb or predic., Mt 9:21, Mk 5:36, Ja 1:22, al. (v. Bl., §44, 2); οὐ (μὴ) μ., Ga 4:18, Ja 1:22; οὐ μ. . . . ἀλλά (Bl., § 77, 133), Ac 19:26, I Jo 5:6, al.; id. seq. καί (Bl., § 81, 12), Ro 5:3 9:10, II Co 8:19, al.; (b) κατὰ μόνας, alone (Bl., § 44, 1), Mk 4:10, Lk 9:18.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

μόνος, η, ον,
  Epic dialect and Ionic dialect μοῦνος, the only form used by Homerus Epicus (as in all derivations except μονόω), Hesiodus Epicus, and Herodotus Historicus, also by Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.27, “I.” 5(4).12, Bacchylides Lyricus 3.80, al., by Sophocles Tragicus both in iambic and Lyric poetry, by Aeschylus Tragicus only in compd. μουνώψ, by Euripides Tragicus only in μούναρχος : Doric dialect μῶνος Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 2.64, 20.45 :— alone, solitary, μοῦνος ἐὼν πολέσιν μετὰ Καδμείοισιν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.388; ἢ ὅ γε μοῦνος ἐών Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.217; μούνω ἄνευθ᾽ ἄλλων 16.239: joined with ἐρῆμος, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 887, “Ph.” 470; μόνοι γὰρ ἐσμέν Lucianus Sophista “JTr.” 21; ἄνθρωπος πρεσβύτης καὶ μ. “BGU” 180.23 (2nd c.AD) ; φυγὴ μόνου πρὸς μόνον Plotinus Philosophus 6.9.11.
__2 with genitive, σοῦ μόνος bereft of thee, without thee, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 511; also μοῦνος ἀπ᾽ ἄλλων “hymnus ad Mercurium” 193, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 183 (Lyric poetry); ἑτάρων ἄπο μ. Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.908.
__II only, μοῦνον Λαέρτην Ἀρκείσιος υἱὸν ἔτικτε, μοῦνον δ᾽ αὖτ᾽ Ὀδυσῆα πατὴρ τέκεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.118, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.482; μόνης γὰρ σοῦ κλύων ἀνέξεται Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 838, compare 632 (anap.), “Pr.” 425 (Lyric poetry), etc. ; χοίνικος μόνας ἁλῶν for a gallon of salt only, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 814 ; single, οὐκ ἄρα μοῦνον ἔην Ἐρίδων γένος, ἀλλὰ.. δύω Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 11, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1280 ; εἷς μοῦνος or μόνος, Herodotus Historicus 1.38, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 63: once in Homerus Epicus, μία μούνη Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.227: joined with αὐτός, αὐτὼ μόνω Plato Philosophus “Lysis” 211c; αὐτοὶ καθ᾽ αὑτοὺς μόνοι prev. author “Plt.” 307e.
__II.2 with genitive, μοῦνος ποταμῶν alone of rivers, Herodotus Historicus 2.25, compare 29; μ. θεῶν γὰρ Θάνατος οὐ δώρων ἐρᾷ Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 161; μ. τῶν ἄλλων ποιητῶν Lycurgus Orator 102 ; but μοῦνος πάντων ἀνθρώπων he and no other of all men, Herodotus Historicus 1.25 ; ἀνδρῶν γε μοῦνος he and no other, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1250, compare “El.” 531; ὦ μόνα ὦ φίλα γυναικῶν Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 460 (Lyric poetry).
__II.3 frequently repeated in the same clause, ξυμπεσὼν μόνος μόνοις Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 467 ; Ἕκτορος μόνος μόνου.. ἐναντίος prev. work 1283; σὺν τέκνοις μόνη μόνοις Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 513; μόνος μόνῳ Demosthenes Orator 18.137.
__II.4 expressing rhetorically pre-eminence in an action or quality, μόνα κατέχεσθαι ποιεῖ are unique for causing possession, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 215c, compare 222a, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 261, “OT” 299, Isocrates Orator 14.57; ἐπέδειξε σαφέστατα μόνος ἀνθρώπων Lysias Orator 24.9.
__III superlative μονώτατος one above all others, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 352, “Pl.” 182, Lycurgus Orator 89, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 15.137, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 1.350 Sophocles Tragicus
__IV made in one piece, τάπης “Edict.Diocl.” 19.23.
__B adverb μόνως, on one condition only, followed by εἰ, Thucydides Historicus 8.81, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.5.5, “Cyr.” 3.2.23 ; in one way only, Themistius Sophista “in Aristotelis Physica paraphrasis - pars” 29.22, al. ; in a unique manner, Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 98 : later, simply, only, Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ οἰκονομίας” p.53 Josephus Historicus, Philo Judaeus 1.559, “Anthologia Graeca” 12.254 (Strato Epigrammaticus), Iamblichus Philosophus “de Mysteriis” 4.7, Proclus Philosophus “in Platonis Parmenidem commentarii” p.479 Sophocles Tragicus
__B.II neuter as adverb, μόνον alone, only, οὐχ ἅπαξ μ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 211, etc.: frequently with imper., μ. φύλαξαι prev. author “Supp.” 1012; ἀποκρίνου μ. Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 494d; so μ. Κράτος συγγένοιτό σοι Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 244; μὴ 'μὲ καταπίῃς μ. Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 219, etc. ; ἐὰν μ. if only, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1292a3 ; οὐσίαν.., οὐ χωριστὴν μ. only not separable, prev. author “Metaph.” 1025b28.
__B.II.2 οὐ μόνον.., ἀλλὰ καὶ.. Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1282, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.6.17, etc. ; οὐ μ., ἀλλὰ.. Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 555: μόνον is sometimes omitted, μὴ τοὺς ἐγγύς, ἀλλὰ καὶ τοὺς ἄπωθεν Thucydides Historicus 4.92, compare Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 359, “Ph.” 1480 (Lyric poetry).
__B.II.3 μόνον οὐ all but, well nigh, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 516, Demosthenes Orator 19.220, etc.; μόνον οὐκ ἐπὶ ταῖς κεφαλαῖς περιφέρουσι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 600d: in codices frequently written μονονού, Polybius Historicus 3.109.2, etc.; μονονουχί Demosthenes Orator 1.2, Polybius Historicus 3.102.4.
__B.III κατὰ μόνας alone, Thucydides Historicus 1.32, 37, Isaeus Orator 7.38, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1281b34, etc.
__B.IV μόνῃ, ={μόνον}, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.583d codices (Prob.from *μόνϝος.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks μένω G3306 "blijven, verblijven"; Grieks μονογενής G3439 "enig, eniggeboren, uniek"; Grieks μόνον G3440 "alleen, eenzaam, maar"; Grieks μονόφθαλμος G3442 "eenogig"; Grieks μονόω G3443 "alleen";

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