G3551 νόμος
zede, wet, bevel, gebruikelijk
Taal: Grieks

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nomos̱, zn. mnl., ; TDNT 4:1022,646;


1) gebruikelijk, wat gewoonte is “[Μοῦσαι] μέλπονται πάντων τε νόμους καὶ ἤθεα κεδνά” (Hesiod, Theogony, 66); het gebruik is de heer van alles (Pi.Fr.169.1; Herodotus, Histories, 7.104; Plato, Laws, 715d)


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

νόμος, -ου, ὁ (< νέμω, to deal out, distribute), [in LXX chiefly for תּוֹרָה H8451, also for חֻקָּה H2708, etc.;] that which is assigned, hence, usage, custom, then law 1. of law in general: Ro 3:27 5:13b; pl., of divine laws, He 8:10 10:16; ὁ ν. τ. Χριστοῦ, Ga 6:2; (τ.) ἐλευθερίας, Ja 1:25 2:12; βασιλικιός (Hort., in l.; Deiss., LAE, 3673), Ja 2:8. 2. Of a force or influence impelling to action: Ro 7:21, 23a, 25 8:2. 3. Of the Mosaic law: Mt 5:18, Lk 2:27, Jo 1:17, Ac 6:13, Ro 2:15, I Co 9:8, I Ti 1:8, He 7:19, al.; ν. Μωυσέως, Lk 2:22, Jo 7:23, Ac 15:5, al.; κυρίου, Lk 2:39; κατὰ τὸν ν., Ac 22:12, He 7:5 9:22. 4. Anarthrous (Bl., § 46, 8; ICC on Ro 2:12, 13), νόμος (a) of law in general: Ro 2:12, 14b 3:20, 21 4:15, al.; (b) of the Mosaic law in its quality as law: Ro 2:14a 5:20 10:4, Ga 2:19, al.; οἱ ἐκ ν., Ro 4:14; ὑπὸ νόμον, I Co 9:20, Ga 4:5; ν. πράσσειν (πληροῦν), Ro 2:25 13:8. 5. Of Christian teaching: ν. πίστεως, Ro 3:27; τ. Χριστοῦ, Ga 6:2. 6. By meton., of the (a) of the Pentateuch: Mt 12:5, Jo 1:45, al.; ὁ ν. καὶ οἱ προφῆται, Mt 5:17, Lk 16:16, al.; ὁ ν. καὶ προφῆται κ. ψαλμοί, Lk 24:44; (b) of the OT Scriptures in general (as Heb. תּוֹרָה H8451): Jo 10:34 12:34 15:25, I Co 14:21, al.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

νόμος, ὁ,
  (νέμω) that which is in habitual practice, use or possession, not in Homerus Epicus (compare Josephus Historicus “contra Apionem” 2.15), though read by Zenodotus Grammaticus in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.3.
__I usage, custom, Μοῦσαι μέλπονται πάντων τε νόμους καὶ ἤθεα κεδνά Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 66; ν. ἀρχαῖος ἄριστος prev. author “fragment” 221 ; ἔνθα ν. (i.e. ἐστί) with infinitive, where it is the custom.., Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 25.5 ; ν. πάντων βασιλεύς custom is lord of all, Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 169.1; ν. δεσπότης Herodotus Historicus 7.104, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 715d; ν. τύραννος τῶν ἀνθρώπων prev. author “Prt.” 337d; ἴησις ὀθονίοισι κατὰ τὸν ν. τὸν ἀρθριτικόν Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 18; ὡς νόμος prev. author “Mochl.” 37 : hence, law, ordinance, τόνδε.. ν. διέταξε Κρονίων.. θηρσὶ.. ἐσθέμεν ἀλλήλους Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 276; τρέφονται πάντες οἱ ἀνθρώπειοι ν. ὑπὸ τοῦ θείου 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 114; ἄφθογγον εἶναι τὸν παλαμναῖον ν. ἐστί Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 448; ν. κάλλιστον ἐξευρόντα, πειθαρχεῖν πατρί Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1177 ; ν. κοινός, ={ὀρθὸς λόγος}, Zeno Citieus Stoicus 1.43: pl., ἔργων.. ὧν νόμοι πρόκεινται ὑψίποδες Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 865 (Lyric poetry); νεοχμοῖς ν. Ζεὺς κρατύνει Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 150 (Lyric poetry).
__I.b in VT, of the law of God, ἐν τῷ νόμῳ Κυρίου τὸ θέλημα αὐτοῦ LXX.Psa.1.2, al., cf. LXX.Isa.2.3 ; νόμον ὃν ἐνετείλατο ὑμῖν Μωϋσῆς LXX.Deu.33.4 ; so in <; ὁ ν. τοῦ Πνεύματος τῆς ζωῆς, opposed to ὁ ν. τῆς ἁμαρτίας καὶ τοῦ θανάτου, NT.Rom.8.2; ν. τέλειος ὁ τῆς ἐλευθερίας NT.Jam.1.25.
__I.c with Preps., κατὰ νόμον according to custom or law, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 417, Herodotus Historicus 1.61, etc.; κὰν νόμον Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.78 ; οἱ κατὰ ν. ὄντες θεοί the established deities, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 904a; κατὰ νόμους Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 241 ; παρὰ νόμον contrary to.., prev. author “Eu.” 171 (Lyric poetry); παρὰ τοὺς τῆς φύσεως ν. Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 83e; ἐν Πανελλάνων νόμῳ Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 2.38 ; ἐν Ἀδραστείῳ νόμῳ by the law of Adrastus, i.e. at the Nemean games, prev. author “N.” 10.28: especially in dat. νόμῳ by custom, conventionally, opposed to φύσει, Herodotus Historicus 4.39, Philolaus Philosophus 9, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1094b16, etc. ; ν. γλυκύ, ν. πικρόν, Democritus Epigrammaticus 9; εἰ μή τις λέγοι ν. ὁρᾶν καὶ τὰς λεγομένας ποιότητας μὴ ἐν τοῖς ὑποκειμένοις εἶναι Plotinus Philosophus 4.4.29 ; ὅσον νόμου χάριν just for form's sake, Diphilus Comicus 43.14, Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1076a27.
__I.d statute, ordinance made by authority, Σόλων νόμους ἔθηκεν ἄλλους, τοῖς δὲ Δράκοντος θεσμοῖς ἐπαύσαντο χρώμενοι πλὴν τῶν φονικῶν prev. author “Ath.” 7.1 (but τὸν Δράκοντος ν. τὸν περὶ τοῦ φόνου “IG” 12.115.5), etc. ; νόμον τιθέναι, τίθεσθαι, see at {τίθημ; βασιλικὸς ν}. “OGI” 483.1 (Pergam., 2nd c.AD), NT.Jam.2.8 : frequently of general laws, opposed to ψηφίσματα (special decrees), Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 173d, etc.; ὅταν τὰ ψηφίσματα κύρια ᾖ ἀλλὰ μὴ ὁ ν. Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1292a7 : generally, law, ἄνευ ὀρέξεως νοῦς ὁ ν. ἐστίν prev. work 1287a32 ; ἄγραφος ν. Legal cited in Andocides Orator 1.85, etc. ; opposed to γεγραμμένος, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1373b6; ν. ἴδιος, opposed to κοινός, prev. work 4 ; ὁ ν. frequently as subject, οἱ ν. διδόασι τιμωρίας Demosthenes Orator 18.12; ὧν ὁ ν. ἀγορεύει “Inscription Magn.” 92b16 (2nd c.BC) ; μὴ ὁ ν. κρίνει τὸν ἄνθρωπον ἐὰν μὴ ἀκούσῃ πρῶτο; NT.John.7.51.
__I.e with genitive of things, οὗτός τοι πεδίων πέλεται ν. Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 388; Ὑλλίδος στάθμας ἐν νόμοις Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.62; τὸν φαρμάκων δίδαξε μαλακόχειρα ν. prev. author “N.” 3.55; ν. ἐμβολῆς καὶ διορθώσιος Hippocrates Medicus “Mochl.” 38 ; ὁ ν. τοῦ κριοῦ, τοῦ ἀνδρός, τῶν ἐρανιστῶν, LXX.Lev.6.31 (7.1), NT.Rom.7.2, “SIG” 1198.14 (Arcesine, 3rd c.BC)+NT+3rd c.BC+; ἐς χειρῶν νόμον ἀπικέσθαι to come to blows, into action, Herodotus Historicus 9.48 ; ἐν χειρῶν νόμῳ ἀπόλλυσθαι, περιπεσεῖν, die in action, prev. author 8.89, Polybius Historicus 1.57.8; μεταλλάξαι τὸν βίον ἐν χ. ν. prev. author 3.63.5, compare 3.116.9; Ἀσδρούβας.. ἐν χ. ν. κατέστρεψε τὸν βίον prev. author 11.2.1; τοὺς μὲν ἐν χ. ν. διέφθειρε prev. author 1.82.2 ; τοὺς ἐν χ. ν. τὰς πολιτείας καταλύοντας by 'direct action', Aeschines Orator 1.5; but κτεῖναι ἐν ταῖς πολεμικαῖς ἐξόδοις ἐν χειρὸς νόμῳ under martial law, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1285a10; τῷ τοῦ πολέμου νόμῳ κτησάμενος Aeschines Orator 2.33.
__I.2 Νόμος personified, οἱ θεοὶ σθένουσι χὡ κείνων κρατῶν N. Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 800, compare Orphica “Fragmenta” 105, 160.
__II melody, strain, οἶδα δ᾽ ὀρνίχων νόμως πάντων Alcman Lyricus 67; ν. ἵππιος Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.101; Ἀπόλλων ἁγεῖτο παντοίων ν. prev. author “N.” 5.25; ν. πολεμικοί Thucydides Historicus 5.69; ἐπηλάλαξαν Ἀραὶ τὸν ὀξὺν ν. Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 952 (Lyric poetry); κρεκτοὶ ν. Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 463, compare “Anthologia Graeca” 9.584: metaph., τοὺς Ἅιδου ν. Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 861.
__II.2 especially a type of early melody created by Terpander for the lyre as an accompaniment to Epic texts, ν. ὄρθιος Herodotus Historicus 1.24; ν. Βοιώτιος Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 966; ν. κιθαρῳδικοί Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1282, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 700d, Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1447b26, “Pr.” 918b13, etc. ; also for the flute, ν. αὐλῳδικός Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1132d ; without sung text, ν. αὐλητικός prev. work1133d, compare 138b, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 4.79 ; later, composition including both words and melody, e.g. Timaeus Grammaticus “Pers.”
__III ={νοῦμμος} (which see), Epicharmus Comicus 136, Sophron Comicus 162, “Inscription Délos” 407.21 (2nd c.BC) ; ν. σηστέρτιοι, = Latin nummi sestertii, Inscription Prien. 41.13 (2nd c.BC).
__IV Architecture texts, course of masonry, “IG” 12(2).11.17 (Mytil.).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄνομος G459 "wetteloos, misdadig"; Grieks ἀπονέμω G632 "toedelen"; Grieks διανέμω G1268 "verdelen, uitdelen"; Grieks ἔννομος G1772 "wettig, behoorlijk, eerlijk"; Grieks κληρονόμος G2818 "erfgenaam"; Grieks νομή G3542 "weide, veevoer, voedsel"; Grieks νομίζω G3543 "denken, menen, geloven"; Grieks νομικός G3544 "schriftgeleerde, wetgeleerde"; Grieks νομίμως G3545 "wettig"; Grieks νομοδιδάσκαλος G3547 "wetgeleerde, jurist"; Grieks νομοθέτης G3550 "wetgever"; Grieks οἰκονόμος G3623 "rentmeester, administrateur, beheerder, quaestor, thesaurier"; Grieks παρανομέω G3891 "wet overtreden";

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