G3598 ὁδός
weg, richting
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Pad, Straat, Weg, Weg (mensen v.d.),

Statistieken

Komt 102x voor in 13 Bijbelboeken.

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Woordstudie

hodos, zn. vrl.; TDNT 5:42, 666;


1) weg, straat (Mat. 2:12; 4:15; 7:13; Mark. 11:8; Homer, Iliad, 7.340 , 12.168, 16.374; Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.36.3; Homer, Odyssey, 22.128; Euripides, Hippolytus, 1197); 2) als actie reizen (Mark. 6:8; 9:33; Homer, Odyssey, 2.285, 8.150, etc.; Homer, Iliad, 1.151, 6.292; Herodotus, Histories, 1.104; Euripides, Electra, 728); 3) metaforisch manier, wijze, gewoonte (Aeschylus, Eumenides, 989; Aeschylus, Agamemnon, 1154; Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus, 1314; Euripides, Hecuba, 744); 3b) een manier van spreken (Herodotus, Histories, 1.95, 2.20, 22); 3c) methode, systeem (Plato, Sophist, 218d; Plato, Republic, 533b; Plato, Theaetetus, 208b); 3d) de weg van het christelijk geloof, mensen van de Weg (Hand. 9:2; 18:25; 19:9, 23; 22:4; 24:14, 22); 3e) de weg van de waarheid (Joh. 14:6; Heb. 10:20; 2 Petr. 2:2)


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ὁδός, -οῦ, ἡ, [in LXX chiefly (very freq.) for דֶּרֶךְ H1870;] 1. a way, path, road: Mt 2:12, Mk 10:46, Lk 3:5, al.; κατὰ τὴν ὁ., Lk 10:4, al.; παρὰ τὴν ὁ., Mt 13:4, al.; c. gen. pers, (subj.), τὴν ὁ. ἑτοιμάζειν (fig.), Mt 3:3, Mk 1:3, al.; c. gen. term. (obj.), ἐθνῶν, Mt 10:5; τ. ἁγίων (fig.), He 9:8; acc., ὁδόν, with force of prep. (like Heb. דֶּרֶךְ H1870; Bl., § 34, 8; 35, 5), ὁ. θαλάσσης, Mt 4:15(LXX). 2. A traveller's way, journey: ἐν τ. ὁ., Mt 5:25, Mk 8:27, al.; ἐξ ὁ., Lk 11:6; εἰς ὁ., Mt 10:10; τ. ὁδὸν πορεύεσθαι, Ac 8:39; ὁ. ἡμέρας, Lk 2:44; ὁδὸν ποιεῖν (= cl., ὁ. ποιεῖσθαι; v. Field, Notes, 25), to make one's way, i.e. proceed on one's journey, Mk 2:23. 3. Metaph. (cl.; but esp. freq. in Heb.; v. Cremer, 442 ff.), of a course of conduct, a way of thinking or acting: Ac 14:16, I Co 4:17 12:31, Ja 1:8 5:20; τοῦ Κάϊν, Ju 11; τ. Βαλαάμ, II Pe 2:15; εἰρήνης, Ro 3:17; ζωῆς, Ac 2:28; ἡ ὁ. ἡ ἀπάγουσα εἰς τ. ζωήν (Dalman, Words, 160), Mt 7:14; τ. δικαιοσύνης, Mt 21:32; σωτηρίας, Ac 16:17; αἱ ὁ. τ. θεοῦ (κυρίου), Ac 13:10, Ro 11:33, Re 15:3 (cf. Ho 14:9 Ps 94 (95):10, Si 39:24, al.); ἡ ὁ. τ. θεοῦ (the way approved by God), Mt 22:16, Mk 12:14, Lk 20:21; id., of the Christian religion, Ac 18:26; so, absol., ἡ ὁ., Ac 9:2 19:9, 23 24:22; of Christ as the means of approach to God, Jo 14:6. 4. Ellipsis of ὁ.: ποίας (sc. ὁδοῦ), Lk 5:19; ἐκείνης, Luke 19:4 (v. Bl., § 36, 13; 44, 1).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ὁδός, ἡ
  (οὐδός once in Homerus Epicus, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.196) :
__I of Place, way, road, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.168, 16.374, “IG” 12.878, al.; ἱππηλασίη ὁ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.340; λαοφόρος 15.682; ὁ. ἁμαξιτός Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 6.54 ; ὁ. ἱερά, to Eleusis, Pausanias Periegeta 1.36.3, compare “IG” 12.881; βασιλικὴ ὁ. “PPetr.” 3p.65 (3rd c.BC), “PSI” 8.917.8 (1st c.AD) ; ποταμοῦ ὁ. course, channel of a river, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.5.16; ὁ. ἀκοντίου Antipho Orator 3.4.5 : with expression of the direction, ὁδὸς ἐς.. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.128; ἡ ὁ. ἡ εἰς ἄστυ Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 173b; ἐπί.. prev. author “Phdr.” 272c ; τὴν εὐθὺς Ἄργους.. ὁ. leading straight to Argos, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1197 ; τῆς ἀληθείας ὁ. the way to truth, prev. author “fragment” 289; compare νόστος 1.1.
__I.2 with Preps., πρὸ ὁδοῦ further on the way, forwards, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.382 (compare φροῦδος) ; later, ={προὔργου}, profitable, useful, πρὸ ὁ. εἶναι πρός τι to be helpful towards.., Aristoteles Philosophus “de Caelo” 292b9, compare “Metaph.” 1044a24; πρὸ ὁδοῦ γέγονεν prev. author “Pol.” 1338a35, compare Demosthenes Orator “Prooemia” 34; κατ᾽ ὁδόν by the way, Herodotus Historicus 1.41, 111 ; κατὰ τὴν ὁ. along the road, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 174d, compare below 111.3 ; ἐκ τῆς ὁ. on his road, Herodotus Historicus 1.157 (but ἄνθρωπος ἐξ ὁ. 'the man in the street', Eupolis Comicus 25 Demosthenes Orator) ; ἐν ὁδῷ on a road, Herodotus Historicus 1.114; ἐν τῇ ὁ. μέσῃ prev. author 3.76 (but ἐν ὁ. καθελών Legal cited in Demosthenes Orator 23.53, explained by ἐν λόχῳ καὶ ἐνέδρᾳ by Harpocratio Grammaticus see at {ὁδός}) ; ὁδοῦ πάρεργον by the way, cursorily, Cicero, M. Tullius Orator et Philosophus “Epistulae ad Atticum” 5.21.13, 7.1.5, Galenus Medicus 11.607.
__I.3 ὁδός is frequently omitted, ἐπορευόμην τὴν ἔξω τείχους Plato Philosophus “Lysis” 203a ; ἡ ἐπὶ θανάτου, see at {θάνατος}; compare τηνάλλως.
__II as an Action, travelling, journeying, whether by land or water, journey, voyage, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.285, 8.150, etc.; τρίποδας ὁ. στείχει Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 80 (anap.); τὰν νεάταν ὁ. στείχουσαν Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 807 (Lyric poetry); ὁ. ἄνω κάτω μία καὶ ὡυτή 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 60 ; also, expedition, foray, ὁδὸν ἐλθέμεναι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.151, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 714 ; τριήκοντα ἡμερέων.. ὁ. a thirty days' journey, Herodotus Historicus 1.104, compare 206; also ὅσον ἐπὶ τρεῖς ἡμέρας ὁδόν prev. author 3.5 (codices, ὁδοῦ editions) ; ἄστρων ὁδοί Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 728 (Lyric poetry): as acc. cogn. with Verb of motion, τὴν ὁ. ἣν Ἑλένην περ ἀνήγαγεν by or in which.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.292 ; οὐρανοῦ τέμνων ὁ... Ἥλιε, metaphorically from a ship, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1 (but in Prose ὁ. τέμνειν is to make a road, Thucydides Historicus 2.100, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 810e) ; similarly where ὁ. is road, μέσην ἔρχευ τὴν ὁ. Theognis Elegiacus 220; ὁ. χωρεῖν Thucydides Historicus 3.24 ; ἰόντες τὴν ἱρὴν ὁ., from Delphi, Herodotus Historicus 6.34.
__III metaphorically, way or manner, πολλαὶ δ᾽ ὁ... εὐπραγίας Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.13; γλώσσης ἀγαθῆς ὁδός Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 989 (anap.) ; θεσπεσία ὁ. the way or course of divination, prev. author “Ag.” 1154 (Lyric poetry); μαντικῆς ὁ. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 311; οἰωνῶν ὁδοῖς prev. author “OC” 1314; σῶν ὁ. βουλευμάτων Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 744; γνώμης prev. author “Hipp.” 290 ; λογίων ὁ. their way, intent, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1015; εὐτελείας ὁ. Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 6.198d.
__III.2 a way of doing, speaking, etc., τῆσδ᾽ ἀφ᾽ ὁδοῦ διζήσιος Parmenides Poeta Philosophus 1.33, compare 8.18 ; τριφασίας ἄλλας ὁ. λόγων ways of telling the story, Herodotus Historicus 1.95, compare 2.20, 22 ; but τριφασίας ὁ. τρέπεται turns into three forms, prev. author 6.119; ἄδικον ὁ. ἰέναι Thucydides Historicus 3.64 ; ὁ. ἥντιν᾽ ἰών by what course of action, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 506, compare “Nu.” 75; ἢν ἔχομεν ὁ. λόγων prev. author “Pax” 733; μία δὴ λείπεται.. ὁ. Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 184b.
__III.3 method, system, prev. author “Sph.” 218d, Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Priora” 53a2, al.; ὁδῷ methodically, systematically, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 533b, “Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta” 2.39, etc.; so καθ᾽ ὁδόν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 435a; τὴν διὰ τοῦ στοιχείου ὁ. ἔχων ἔγραφεν prev. author “Tht.” 208b (compare διέξοδον 208a).
__III.4 of the Christian Faith and its followers, NT.Acts.9.2, 22.4, 24.14. (Root sed- 'go', in Sanskrit sad-, ā-sad- 'come to', 'reach', OSlavonic choditi 'go'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄμφοδον G296 "straat"; Grieks εἴσοδος G1529 "ingang, toegang"; Grieks εὐοδόω G2137 "vooruitkomen, vooruit helpen"; Grieks ὁδεύω G3593 "reizen"; Grieks ὁδηγός G3595 "wegwijzer, gids, leidsman"; Grieks ὁδοιπορέω G3596 "reizen"; Grieks πάροδος G3938 "voorbijgaan"; Grieks συνοδία G4923 "gezelschap, karavaan";

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