G3641 ὀλίγος
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Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ὀλίγος, -η, -ον (on οὐχ ὁλ., v. infr.), [in LXX chiefly for מְעַט H4591;] of number, quantity, size, few, little, small, slight: Mt 9:37 15:34, Mk 6:5 8:7, Lk 10:2 12:48 (sc. πληγάς, opp. to πολλάς), I Ti 5:23, He 12:10, Re 3:4 12:12; οὐκ ὀ. (in the best uncials written οὐκ ὀ.; v. WH, App., 143; M, Pr., 44; Thackeray, Gr., 126 f.), Ac 12:18 14:28 15:2 (c. gen. part.) Ac 17:4, 12 19:23, 24 27:20; pl., absol., Mt 7:14 20:16 (WH, txt., RV, om.) Mt 22:14, Lk 13:23, I Pe 3:20. Neut. sing. (τὸ) ὀ.: Lk 7:47, II Co 8:15; πρὸς ὀλίγον, I Ti 4:8, Ja 4:14; ἐν ὀ., Ac 26:28, 29 (with little effort; v. Page, in l.); id., in brief, Eph 3:3; adverbially, ὀλίγον, of time, Mk 6:31, I Pe 1:6 5:10, Re 17:10; of space, Mk 1:19, Lk 5:3; pl., ὀλίγα, Lk 10:42, Re 2:14; ἐπ’ ὀλίγα, Mt 25:21, 23; δι’ ὀλίγων, in few words, briefly, I Pe 5:12 (cf. Plat., Legg., vi, 778 e).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ὀλίγος ῐ, η, ον,
  later ὀλίος (which see), of Size, little, small, frequently in Homerus Epicus, rarer later, opposed to μέγας, σάκος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.376; κῦμα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.94, etc. ; ὀλίγῃ ὀπί with small, low voice, 14.492 ; of stature, 9.515; ὀ. κῶρος Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 1.47; οὐκ ὀλίγης αἷμα βοὸς κέχυται Callias Epigrammaticus “Aet.Oxy.” 2080.85 ; of Space, ὀ. χῶρος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.161, etc. ; of Time, χρόνος 19.157, 23.418, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.38, etc.; ἐν βραχεῖ κὠλίγῳ χρόνῳ Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 646 (cf. IV. 3).
__2 sometimes in a sense between that of Size and Quantity, ὀ. δόσις Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.208; οὖρα ὀλίγα not copious, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 1.2 ; ὑποστάσιες ὀλίγαι slight sediments, prev. work 17 ; ὀ. καὶ οὐδέν little or nothing, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 23a; οὐδὲν ἢ ὀ. Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 651b17.
__3 of Degree, ὀ. καὶ μέγας of low and high degree, Callinus Epicus 1.17.
__4 weak, ἀθυμοτέρη καὶ ὀλιγωτέρη φύσις Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ παρθενίων” 1.
__II of Number, few, or of Quantity, little, not in Homerus Epicus , frequently in Attic dialect, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1417, “Eq.” 717, etc. , but rare in Trag., as ὀλίγα κακά Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 330.—The governing body in Oligarchies and the oligarchical party in Democracies was called οἱ ὀ., Thucydides Historicus 6.38, 8.9, etc. ; ἡ ὑπὸ τῶν ὀ. δυναστεία, αἱ διὰ τῶν ὀ. δυναστεῖαι, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 291d, Demosthenes Orator 60.25; ἑνὸς καὶ πλήθους τὸ ὀ. μέσον Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 303a.
__II.2 with infinitive, ὀλίγους.. στρατιῇ τῇ Μήδων συμβαλεῖν too few to engage.., Herodotus Historicus 6.109, compare 7.207; μὴ.. αἱ σφέτεραι δέκα νῆες ὀλίγαι ἀμύνειν ὦσιν Thucydides Historicus 1.50.
__III neuter ὀλίγον as adverb, a little, slightly, little, with Verbs, ὀ. παρακλίνας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.424, compare 11.52, 12.452; φροντίσας Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 163; ὀ. τοῦ ποιήματος προελθών Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 339d: also neut. pl., ἠκροβολίσαντο ὀλίγα Thucydides Historicus 3.73.
__III.2 with comparative adjectives, ὀλίγον προγενέστερος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.789; ὀ. ἧσσον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.365; στιβαρώτερον οὐκ ὀ. περ 8.187; φέρτερος οὐκ ὀ. περ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.217 ; ὀ. τι πρότερον, variant for{ὀλίγῳ}, Herodotus Historicus 4.79, 81, compare Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 262b, etc.; ὀ. ὕστερον prev. author “Grg.” 454b, etc. ; but ὀλίγῳ is more frequently in Prose, Herodotus Historicus same places (with variant), 7.113, al., Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 460c, “R.” 327c, etc.
__IV special Phrases:
__IV.1 ὀλίγου δεῖν almost (see. δεῖ II); ὀλίγου ἐδέησε καταλαβεῖν wanted but little of overtaking, Herodotus Historicus 7.10.γ᾽: hence ὀλίγου alone, within a little, allbut, almost, ὀλίγου σεκύνες διεδηλήσαντο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.37, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 348, 381, “Nu.” 722, Lysias Orator 14.17, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 361b, Demosthenes Orator 19.334, etc.; ὀ. ἅπαντες Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 22b; ὀ. ἐς χιλίους close upon 1, 000, Thucydides Historicus 4.124 ; ὀ. ἦλθεν ἑλεῖν (see. below 9) Pausanias Periegeta 1.13.6.
__IV.2 δι᾽ ὀλίγου at a short distance, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1098, Thucydides Historicus 2.89, 3.21, uncertain in Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 762 (Lyric poetry) ; for (during) a short time, Thucydides Historicus 1.77, 2.85, 3.43 ; within or after a short time, prev. author 6.11, 47, 7.39, etc. ; but
__IV.2.b δι᾽ ὀλίγων in few words, Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 31d, etc.; see infr. VI. 2.
__IV.3 ἐν ὀλίγῳ (χώρῳ is added in Herodotus Historicus 9.70) in a small space, within small compass, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 1126 (Lyric poetry); ἐν ὀ. στρατοπεδευομένοις Thucydides Historicus 4.26 ; κυκλωθέντων ἐν ὀ. prev. work 96; εἰς ταὐτὸ πάντα.. ἁθροίσαντ᾽ ἐν ὀ. Demosthenes Orator 3.18 ; also ἐν ὀ. (i.e. χρόνῳ) for a brief time, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 8.92 ; but also, in a short time, quickly, ἔγνων καὶ περὶ τῶν ποιητῶν ἐν ὀ. τοῦτο Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 22b, compare Thucydides Historicus 4.55, NT.Act.26.28.
__IV.3.b ἐν ὀλίγοις one among few, i.e. exceedingly, remarkably, ποταμὸς ἐν ὀ. μέγας Herodotus Historicus 4.52; ἐν ὀλίγοισι Περσέων.. ἀνὴρ δόκιμος prev. author 9.41 : frequently in later writers, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pompeius” 10, Heliodorus Scriptor Eroticus 3.1; so σὺν ὀλίγοις, see below 10.
__IV.4 ἐξ ὀλίγου at short notice, suddenly, ἐξ ὀ. καὶ δι᾽ ὀργῆς Thucydides Historicus 2.11, compare 61, 4.108, etc.
__IV.5 ἐς ὀλίγον, like{παρ᾽ ὀλίγον}, within a little, ἐς ὀ. ἀφίκετο τὸ στράτευμα νικηθῆναι prev. work 129.
__IV.6 ἐπ᾽ ὀλίγον for a short time, Hippocrates Medicus “προρρητικόν” 1.26, Plotinus Philosophus 4.4.29, “Geoponica” 7.12.22, 10.7.10, etc. ; a little at a time, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τῶν ἐν κεφαλη—ͅ τρωμάτων” 18; εἴρηται ἐν τῷ βιβλίῳ ἐπ᾽ ὀλίγον a little way on, near the beginning, Galenus Medicus 15.428.
__IV.7 κατ᾽ ὀλίγον by little and little, Thucydides Historicus 1.69, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 85d, Lucianus Sophista “Nec.” 11, etc.; ἐκ τοῦ κατ᾽ ὀ. Diodorus Siculus Historicus 15.34, Athenaeus Medicus cited in Oribasius Medicus 1.2.6 : but the adjective frequently takes the gender and number of its substantive, κατ᾽ ὀλίγους Herodotus Historicus 2.93, 8.113 ; οὗτοι κατ᾽ ὀλίγους γινόμενοι ἐμάχοντο fought few at a time, in small parties, prev. author 9.102, compare Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 197d ; κατ᾽ ὀλίγον μαχεῖται (i.e. τὸ πλῆθος αὐτῶν) Thucydides Historicus 4.10.
__IV.8 μετ᾽ ὀλίγον τούτων shortly after.., Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.1.2.
__IV.9 παρ᾽ ὀλίγον with little to spare, only just, ἀπέφυγες Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 870 (Lyric poetry) ; to within a short distance of, παρ᾽ ὀ. ἦλθε.. ἐκπεσεῖν Polybius Historicus 2.55.4, compare 18.46.12 ; but
__IV.9.b παρ᾽ ὀ. ποιεῖσθαι hold of small account, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 6.6.11.
__IV.10 σὺν ὀλίγοις, ={ἐν ὀλίγοις, ἐπαινεθῆναι} Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Galba” 3; see supr. IV. 3b.
__V regular adverb ὀλίγως is rare, NT.2Pet.2.18, Aquila LXX.Isa.10.7; οὐκ ὀ. “Anthologia Graeca” 12.205 (Strato Epigrammaticus).
__VI Comparison:
__VI.1 the comparative is commonly supplied by μείων, ἥσσων, or ἐλάσσων (which see); the older form ὀλείζων (from *ὀλειγ-yων) is found in Homerus Epicus, λαοὶ δ᾽ ὑπ᾽ ὀλείζονες ἦσαν (ὑπολίζονες codices) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.519 ; so in Attic dialect Inscrr., “IG” 12.76.8 (written ὄλεζον prev. work63.17, al.); τοῖσι.. ὀλείζοσι μυστηρίοισιν prev. work6.76, compare 95; ὀλείζους is probably in Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Atheniensium” 2.1 (μείζους codices) ; so in Alexandrian Poets, Callimachus Epicus “Hymnus in Jovem” 72 (ὀλίζοσι codices), “Anthologia Graeca” 9.521 ; ἐς ὀλίζονας ἀστέρας ἄρκτου poetical cited in 4th c.AD(?): Theodosius Alexandrinus Grammaticus in Hilgard “Exc.exHdn.” p.19; also ὀλίζωνες Nicander Epicus “Theriaca” 123, ὀλίζωνα prev. work 372 ; ὀλιζότερος is found in prev. author “Al.” 479, Oppianus Apamensis Epicus “Cynegetica” 3.65, 394 , compare ὀλιζό; ὀλιγώτερος is found in Hippocrates Medicus “Virg.” I (with the sense weaker, see above 1.4), Sextus Empiricus Philosophus “adversus Mathematicos” 1.70, Appianus Historicus “Αιβυκή” 42, “Mith.” 24, Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 2.42, 6.51.
__VI.2 superlative ὀλίγιστος, η, ον, always of Number or Quantity, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.223, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 723, “IG” 12.54.7, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 115, “Pl.” 628, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 473b, al. ; ὀλιγίστου, superlative of ὀλίγου (cf. IV. I), very nearly, Photius Legal icographus, etc., 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus (ubi ὀλιγωστοῦ) ; ὀλίγιστον as adverb, least, very little, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 587b; τὸ ὀ. at least, prev. author “Prm.” 149a; ὡς ὀλίγιστα prev. author “Grg.” 510a, “Lg.” 953a (variant{ὀλιγοστά}) ; ἐν ὀλιγίστῳ διασαφῶν 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 1262.54; so δι᾽ ὀλιγίστων Plato Philosophus “Epistulae” 351d (interpolated). (Aspirated in papyri of ii-3rd c.AD, as μεθ᾽ ὁλίγον “BGU” 388.11, compare 146.10.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ὀλιγόπιστος G3640 "weinig geloof"; Grieks ὀλιγόψυχος G3642 "flauwhartig, wankelmoedig"; Grieks ὀλιγωρέω G3643 "verwaarlozen, gering achten, zorgeloos zijn";

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