G3748 ὅστις
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Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ὅστις, ἥτις, ὅ τι (also written ὅ, τι and ὅτι; v. LS, s.v.; WH, § 411; Tdf., Pr., 111), in NT scarcely ever except in nom. (M, Pr., 91), the only instance of the oblique cases being found in ἕως ὅτου (v.s. ἕως), relative of indef. reference (related to simple ὅς as Lat. quisquis to qui), whoever, anyone who (a) of an indef. person or thing: in general statements, Mt 5:39, 41 13:12, and freq., Lk 14:27, Ga 5:4, al.; in relative sentences, Mt 7:26, Lk 15:7, Phl 3:7, al.; πᾶς ὅ., c. indic., Mt 7:24 10:32; ὅ ἄν (ἐάν), c. subjc., Mt 12:50 13:12, Jo 14:13, I Co 16:2, Ga 5:10, al.; (b) of a definite person or thing, indicating quality, "either generic, which, as other like things, or essential, which by its very nature" (Hort on I Pe 2:11), who is such as: Mt 2:6 7:26, Lk 2:10 7:37, Jo 8:53, Ac 7:53, Ro 6:2, I Co 3:17, Ga 4:24, Eph 1:23, al.; (c) where the relative sentence expresses a reason, consequence, etc. (M, Pr., 92), seeing that he (it, they), and he (it, they): Lk 8:3 10:42, Ac 10:47 11:28, Phl 4:3, al.; (d) as in Ionic and late Greek (Bl., § 50, 1; M, Pr., 91), differing but little from ὅς: Lk 2:4 9:30, Ac 17:10, Re 12:13.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ὅστις, ἥτις, ὅ τι
  (sometimes written ὅ, τι to distinct it from ὅτι, that): Homerus Epicus has also the masculine collateral form ὅτις Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.47, al. (also in Critias Philosophus, Tragicus, Elegiacus 2.9 and Ionic dialect and 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus Prose, “Jahresh.” 12.136 (from Erythrae), “IG” 12(5).22 (from Ios), 5(2).343.34 (Orchom. 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus)) and the neuter ὅττι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.402, al., compare ὄττι Alcaeus Lyricus 45. —In some forms only the second part is inflected, i.e. genitive ὅτου Thucydides Historicus 1.23, al. , Epic dialect ὅττεο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.124, later Ion. ὅτεο “Jahresh.” same place, contraction ὅττευ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.121, ὅτευ prev. work 421, Herodotus Historicus 1.7; Lesb. ὄττω Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 5.3; dat. ὅτῳ Thucydides Historicus 1.36, al. ; perhaps also in Ionic dialect, Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 2.5, Democritus Epigrammaticus 99, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τῶν ἐν κεφαλη—ͅ τρωμάτων” 14 ; Epic dialect ὅτεῳ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.114 , and as disyllable, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.428, 15.664; so Herodotus Historicus 1.86, al., Democritus Epigrammaticus 100, 1st c.AD(?): Heraclitus 15, “SIG” 194.21 (Amphipolis, 4th c.BC); 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus ὀσέοι “IG” 5(2).262.14 (Mantinea, 5th c.BC) ; Epic dialect accusative ὅτινα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.204, 15.395; Delph. gen. ὅτινος “IG” 22.1126.37 (4th c.BC), also “Berl.Sitzb.” 1927.167 (from Cyrene) ; Delph. dative ὅτινι “IG” 22.1126.25; Cretan dialect dat. sg. ὄτιμι “Leg.Gort.” 7.51, 8.7, al.: pl., nom. masc. argument ὄττινες “Mnemos.” 44.65 (3rd c.BC) ; neuter ὅτινα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.450; gen. ὅτεων Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.39, Herodotus Historicus 8.65 , Attic dialect ὅτων Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 414, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.6.24 (conjecture), “Oec.” 3.2 (conjecture) (also in Hesiodus Epicus “Fragmenta” 238, Anaxagoras Philosophus 12, Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 21); dat. ὁτέοισι (ν) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.491, Herodotus Historicus 2.82 , Attic dialect ὅτοισι Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 1335, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 758, ὅτοις Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1119; acc. ὅτινας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.492 , Aeolic dialect ὄττινας Sappho Lyrica 12: in a few forms only the first part is inflected, Cretan dialect gen. sg. ὦτι probably in “Leg.Gort.” 1.5, 2.50, 11.50, al., “GDI” 4993 ii 10: neut. pl. ἄτι “Leg.Gort.” 2.47, al. : of the forms with double inflexion Homerus Epicus has only ὅν τινα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.188, al., ἥν τινα 3.286, al., οἵ τινες Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.94, al., οὕς τινας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.240, al., ἅς τινας Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.573 ; ᾧτινι first in Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 31, ἧστινος Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1358, ᾗ τινι δή Thucydides Historicus 8.87, οἷστισι Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 1279: Attic. Inscrr. have ἧστινος ᾗτινι along with masc. and neut. ὅτου ὅτῳ, and this rule holds with few exceptions in Trag. and Attic. Prose before 4th c.BC ; ᾡτινιοῦν occurs in Lysias Orator 1.37, etc.: ὅτῳ rarely as feminine, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1071. —For the Ionic dialect and Epic dialect form ἅσσα, Attic dialect ἅττα, see at {ἅσσα}.—On the concord and construction compare ὅς Bacchylides Lyricus 1.1,3, 11.3 , 111.2a,b:—Radic. sense, any one who, anything which, whosoever, whichsoever; ὣς ἀπόλοιτο καὶ ἄλλος, ὅτις τοιαῦτά γε ῥέζοι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.47; ἀθανάτων ὅς τίς σε φυλάσσει 15.35, etc. : frequently without express antecedent, χαίρει δέ μιν ὅς τις ἐθείρῃ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.347; ἆσσον ἴτω ὅς τις δέπας οἴσεται 23.667 : hence frequently in maxims or sentiments, οὐκ ἔστιν ὅ. πάντ᾽ ἀνὴρ εὐδαιμονεῖ Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1217; μακάριος ὅ. οὐσίαν καὶ νοῦν ἔχει Menander Comicus 114 ; οὗτος βέλτιστος ἂν εἴη, ὅ... Lysias Orator 3.4, etc.: frequently in such phrases as ὅστις εἶ, ὅστις ἐστί, see at {ὅς} Bacchylides Lyricus 111.2 ; ἔστιν ὅ., frequently with a negative, οὐ γὰρ ἔην ὅς τίς σφιν.. ἡγήσαιτο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.687; οὐκ ἔστιν ὅτῳ μείζονα μοῖραν νείμαιμ᾽ ἢ σοί Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 293 (anap.), compare 989, 1070 (anap.), etc. ; εἰσὶν οἵτινες Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 354.5 ; οὐδὲν ὅ τι οὐ.. everything, Herodotus Historicus 5.97, Thucydides Historicus 7.87:—in these phrases the case of ὅστις commonly depends on that of οὐδεί; but sometimes the reverse, see at {οὐδείς} I.2: also joined with Sup., τρόπῳ ὅτῳ ἂν δύνωνται ἰσχυροτάτῳ Foed. cited in Thucydides Historicus 5.23; ὅντινα ἀφανέστατον δύναιντο τρόπον Pausanias Periegeta 10.1.5: in Trag. and Attic. sometimes strengthened by an antecedent πᾶς , but only in singular, ἅπας δὲ τραχὺς ὅ. ἂν νέον κρατῇ Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 35, compare Thucydides Historicus 8.90 (πάντες ὅσοι being commonly used in pl., not πάντες οἵτινες ; but πᾶσιν.. ὅστις ἐρωτᾷ “IG” 12.410).
__II referring to a definite object, properly only when a general notion is implied, Πολυκράτεα.., δι᾽ ὅντινα κακῶς ἤκουσε, not the man through whom, but one through whom.., Herodotus Historicus 3.120 ; τελευταῖόν σε προσβλέψαιμι νῦν, ὅστις πέφασμαι φύς τ᾽ ἀφ᾽ ὧν οὐ χρῆν may I see thee now for the last time, I who am one born from sinful parentage, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1184, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 38, “Ag.” 1065 ; but in quite definite sense, βωμόν, ὅστις νῦν ἔξω τῆς πόλεώς ἐστι Thucydides Historicus 6.3: sometimes even with οὗτος or ὅδε as antecedent, Herodotus Historicus 1.167, 2.99, 6.47, Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 943, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 8.87.
__II.2 ἐφ᾽ ὅτῳ, ={ἐφ᾽ ᾧτε}, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 16.4; so ἐφ᾽ ὅτῳ τε “Delph.” 3(2).236 (2nd c.BC).
__III in indirect questions, Homerus Epicus, etc., εἴπ᾽ ἄγε μοι καὶ τόνδε.., ὅς τις ὅδ᾽ ἐστί Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.192, compare 167, etc. ; ἔσπετε νῦν μοι, Μοῦσαι, ὅς τις δὴ κτλ. who it was that.., 14.509; ξεῖνος ὅδ᾽, οὐκ οἶδ᾽ ὅς τις Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.28: in dialogue, when the person questioned repeats the question asked by τίς, as οὗτος τί ποιεῖ;—ὅ τι ποι; Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 198 ; ἀλλὰ τίς γὰρ ε;—ὅστις; πολίτης χρηστός prev. author “Ach.” 595, compare “Pl.” 462, Plato Philosophus “Euthyphro” 2c, etc.
__III.2 rare and late in direct questions, ὅ τι ἐστὶ τὸ ἐμποδίζον ; Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 140.12 ; ἀνθ᾽ ὅτου.. ; = why? Julianus Imperator “Epistulae” 82p.109B. -C.; compare ὅπως.
__IV limited or made more indefinite by the addition of Particles:
__IV.1 ὅστις γε being one who (compare ὅσγε), Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1335, “OC” 810, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1184.
__IV.2 ὅστις δή (see. δή IV. 1), frequently used without any distinct relative force, θεῶν ὅτεῳ δή to some one or other of the gods, Herodotus Historicus 1.86; ὅτευ δὴ χρήματος δεησόμενον prev. author 3.121; ᾗ τινι δὴ γνώμῃ Thucydides Historicus 8.87, etc.; also ὅ τι δήκοτε πρήξοντα Herodotus Historicus 6.134; ὅστις δήποτ᾽ ὤν Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 273c; ὡς ἀπετύγχαν᾽ ὁτουδήποτε Demosthenes Orator 19.167; ὁτῳδήτινι τρόπῳ “PFay.” 21.11 (2nd c.AD) ; so
__IV.2.b ὁστισοῦν, ὁτιοῦν anybody (anything) whatsoever, Thucydides Historicus 4.16, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 198b, etc.; μετὰ ὁτουοῦν τρόπου Thucydides Historicus 8.27; ὁτῳοῦν Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 175a ; εἷς ὁστισοῦν any one person, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1286a31: frequently with neg., μηδ᾽ ἂν ὁστισοῦν τυγχάνῃ ὤν Plato Philosophus “Euthyphro” 5e, compare “Phd.” 78d, etc. ; οὐδ᾽ ὁτιοῦν not the least mite, nothing whatsoever, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 344, “Pl.” 385; μηδοτιοῦν Theognis Elegiacus 64 : rarely, = whoever (whatever), as subject of a verb, ὁτιοῦν ἔτυχε τῶν ἐπὶ μέρους (variant{ὅτι ἄν}) Aristoteles Philosophus “de Mundo” 391a22.
__IV.2.c ὁστισδηποτοῦν Demosthenes Orator 40.8, Aeschines Orator 1.164.
__IV.2.d so also ὅστις alone, Plato Philosophus “Hp.Ma.” 282d, etc.: with neg., μηδὲ οἵτινες none at all, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.5.9; οὐδ᾽ ἧστινος ἂν ἀσχολίας τὸ πρᾶγμα προσεδεῖτο Polybius Historicus 9.14.6.
__IV.3 ὅστις ποτε whoever, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 160 (Lyric poetry), compare Herodotus Historicus 8.65.
__IV.4 ὅστις περ (compare ὅσπερ), mostly in neuter, ὅ τι πέρ ἐστ᾽ ὄφελος Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 53, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 492e: in masc., Demosthenes Orator 21.225.
__IV.5 ὅστις τε, where τε is otiose as in ὅστε, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.43, al.
__V neuter ὅ τι used absolutely as a conjunction, see at {ὅ τι}.
__VI ἐξ ὅτου from which time, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 345, “Tr.” 326, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 528, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.2.16, etc.; ἐξ ὅτου περ Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 596 ; ἀπ᾽ ὅτευ since.., Herodotus Historicus 1.7, compare “SIG” 45.18 (Halic., 5th c.BC) ; so ἕως ὅτου until.., NT.Luke.13.8.
__VI.2 from what cause, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 671, Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 639.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ὅς G3739 "wie, welke, wat, dat, terwijl"; Grieks ὅτι G3754 "dat, omdat"; Grieks ὅτου G3755 "terwijl, totdat"; Grieks τὶς G5100 "enige, enige tijd, een poosje, zeker iemand, een zekere";

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