G3772 οὐρανός
uitspansel, heelal, sterrenhemel, universum
Taal: Grieks

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Hemel, Uranus,

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oyranos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

οὐρανός, -οῦ, ὁ, [in LXX chiefly for שָׁמַיִם H8064 (hence, often pl., οἱ οὐ., v. infr.);] heaven 1. of the vault or firmament of heaven, the sky and the aerial regions above the earth: opp. to ἡ γῆ, He 1:10, II Pe 3:5, 10; ὁ οὐ. καὶ ἡ γῆ, i.e. the world, the universe, Mt 5:18, Mk 13:31, Lk 10:21, Ac 4:24, Re 10:6, al.; ἀπ’ ἄκρων οὐ. ἕως ἄ. αὐτῶν (on the absence of art. aft. prep., v. Bl., § 46, 5), Mt 24:31; ὑπὸ τὸν οὐ., Ac 2:5, Col 1:23; ὑψωθῆναι ἕως τοῦ οὐ., fig., Mt 11:23, Lk 10:15; σημεῖον ἐκ τοῦ οὐ., Mt 16:1, Mk 8:11, al.; αἱ νεφέλαι, Mt 24:30, al.; τὰ πετεινὰ τοῦ οὐ., Mt 6:26, Mk 4:32, al.; οἱ ἀστέρες τοῦ οὐ., Re 6:13, al.; pl. (οἱ) οὐ. (Bl., § 32, 5), Mt 3:16, Mk 1:10, Jo 1:32, II Pe 3:7, 13 al. 2. Of the abode of God and other blessed beings: of angels, Mt 24:36, Mk 12:25, Ga 1:8, Re 10:1, al.; of Christ glorified, Mk 16:[19], Lk 24:51, Ac 3:21, Ro 10:6, al.; of God, Mt 5:34, Ro 1:18, al.; ὁ Πατὴρ ὁ ἐν τοῖς οὐ. (Dalman, Words, 184 ff.), Mt 5:16 6:1, al.; θησαυρὸς ἐν οὐ., Mt 6:20, Mk 10:21, al. 3. (a) of the inhabitants of heaven: Re 18:20 (cf. Re 12:12, Jb 15:15, Is 44:23); (b) as an evasive reference to God, characteristic of later Judaism (Dalman, Words, 204 ff.): Mt 21:25, Mk 11:30, Lk 15:18, Jo 3:27, al.; ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐ. (= τοῦ Θεοῦ; v.s. βασιλεία).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

οὐρᾰνός, ὁ,
  Doric dialect and Boeotian dialect ὠρανός Alcman Lyricus 23.16, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 2.147, 5.144, Corinna Lyrica “Supp.” 2.79, “Hymnus ad Isim” 19 ; Aeolic dialect ὄρανος (ὀράνω Sappho Lyrica 37, 64, Alcaeus Lyricus 34, but ὠράνω Sappho Lyrica 1.11 (assuming variant), Alcaeus Lyricus 17 (assuming variant), and see at {Οὐρανία}): —never used in pl. by classical writers, see 1.4: (see. near the end):
__I heaven: in Homerus Epicus and Hesiodus Epicus,
__I.1 vault or firmament of heaven, sky, γαῖα.. ἐγείνατο ἶσον ἑαυτῇ οὐρανὸν ἀστερόεντα, ἵνα μιν περὶ πάντα καλύπτοι Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 127; ἔχει δέ τε κίονας αὐτὸς Ἄτλας μακράς, αἳ γαῖάν τε καὶ οὐρανὸν ἀμφὶς ἔχουσι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.54, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 351; χάλκεος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.425; πολύχαλκος 5.504, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.2; σιδήρεος 15.329 ; wrapped in clouds, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.192, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.303 ; above the aether, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.458, 17.425, 19.351, cf. Scholia Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.3; even Empedocles Poeta Philosophus continued to regard it as solid (στερέμνιον), “Placita Philosophorum” 2.11.2 (“Vorsokr.” ip.209) ; defined as αἰθέρος τὸ ἔσχατον by Zeno Citieus Stoicus 1.33, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 95 ff. ; ἠέλιος δὲ οὐρανοῦ ἐξαπόλωλε, of an eclipse, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.357, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 845; ἐν δὲ τὰ τείρεα πάντα, τά τ᾽ οὐρανὸς ἐστεφάνωται Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.485; Ἕσπερος, ὃς κάλλιστος ἐν οὐρανῷ ἵσταται ἀστήρ 22.318; οὐρανὸς ἀστερόεις 6.108, al.
__I.2 heaven, as the seat of the gods, outside or above this skyey vault, the portion of Zeus (see. Ὄλυμπος), 15.192, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.67, etc.; οὐ. Οὔλυμπός τε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.497, 8.394; Οὔλυμ πός τε καὶ οὐ. 19.128 ; πύλαι οὐρανοῦ “Heaven” -gate, i. e. a thick cloud, which the Ὧραι lifted and put down like a trap-door, 5.749, 8.393 ; so, later, οἱ ἐξ οὐρανοῦ the gods of heaven, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 897 (Lyric poetry) ; οἱ ἐν οὐρανῷ θεοί (viz. Sun, etc.) Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 508a; εὔχετο, χεῖρ᾽ ὀρέγων εἰς οὐ. ἀστερόεντα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.371, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.527 ; νὴ τὸν οὐ. Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 267, 366.
__I.3 in common language, sky, οὐδέ τις ἄλλη φαίνετο γαιάων, ἀλλ᾽ οὐ. ἠδὲ θάλασσα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.302; σέλας δ᾽ εἰς οὐ. ἵκῃ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.509 ; κλέος οὐρανὸν ἵκει, κλέος οὐ. εὐρὺν ἱκάνει, renown reaches to heaven, prev. work 192, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.108 ; so ὀρυμαγδός, κνίση, σκόπελος οὐρανὸν ἷκεν or ἱκάνει, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.425, 1.317, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.73 (compare οὐράνιος 11, οὐρανομήκης): metaph., ὕβρις τε βίη τε σιδήρεον οὐ. ἵκει deeds of violence 'cry to heaven', 15.329, 17.565; γῇ τε κοὐρανῷ λέξαι.. τύχας Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 57, compare Philemo Comicus 79.1 ; πρὸς οὐρανὸν βιβάζειν τι to exalt to heaven, S “OC” 381 ; πρὸς τὸν οὐ. ἥλλοντο leaped up on high, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.4.11; πρὸς τὸν οὐ. βλέπειν prev. author “Oec.” 19.9.
__I.4 in Philos., the heavens, universe, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 269d, “Ti.” 32b, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Caelo” 278b21, “Metaph.” 990a20, al.: pl. in “VT”, οἱ οὐρανοί the heavens, LXX.Psa.96(97).6, 148.4, al.
__I.5 a region of heaven, climate, Herodotus Historicus 1.142.
__I.6 Pythagoras Philosophus name of 10, “Theologumena Arithmeticae” 59.
__II anything shaped like the vault of heaven, as,
__II.1 vaulted roof or ceiling, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus
__II.2 roof of the mouth, palate, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 492a20, “PA” 660a14, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 8.344b, “Anthologia Graeca” 5.104 (Marc. argument).
__II.3 lid, Matro Parodius “Convivium - Corpusculum poesis epicae ludibundae” 12.
__II.4 tent, pavilion, Themistius Sophista “Orationes” 13.166b.
__III proper name, “Uranos”, son of Erebos and Gaia, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 127s q .; but husband of Gaia, parent of Cronos and the Titans (compare Οὐρανίδης), prev. work 106, “Hymni Homerici” 30.17, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 207. (Acc. to Aristoteles Philosophus “de Mundo” 400a7, from ὅρος and ἄνω,compare Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 396c. This must be wrong, but the true etymology is doubtful.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἐπουράνιος G2032 "hemelse gebieden, hemel, sterrenhemel, universum"; Grieks μεσουράνημα G3321 "zenith"; Grieks ὄρος G3735 "berg"; Grieks οὐράνιος G3770 "hemels"; Grieks οὐρανόθεν G3771 "hemel (uit de)"; Grieks στερέωμα G4733 "firmament, hemelboog"; Hebreeuws רָקִיעַ H7549 "firmament";

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