G3780 οὐχί
niet, nee, geenszins
Taal: Grieks

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oychi,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

οὐχί, strengthened form of οὐ, not (a) in neg. sentences, not, not at all: Lk 1:60 12:51, Jo 13:10, al.; (b) more freq. in questions where an affirm. ans. is expected (Lat. nonne): Mt 5:46, 47, Lk 6:39, Jo 11:9, al.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

Included with: οὐ,
  the negative of fact and statement, as μή of will and thought; οὐ denies, μή rejects; οὐ is absolute, μή relative; οὐ objective, μή subjective. —The same differences hold for all compounds of οὐ and μή, and some examples of οὐδέ and οὐδείς are included below.—As to the Form, see infr. G. USAG Euripides Tragicus
__I as the negative of single words,
__II as the negative of the sentence.
__I οὐ adhering to single words so as to form a quasi-compound with them:—with Verbs: οὐ δίδωμι withhold, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.296 ; οὐκ εἰῶ prevent, 2.132, 4.55, al. ; οὐκ ἐθέλω refuse, 1.112, 3.289, al. ; οὔ φημι deny, 7.393, 23.668, al. (In most of these uses μή can replace οὐ when the constr. requires it, e.g. εἰ μή φησι ταῦτα ἀληθῆ εἶναι Lycurgus Orator 34 ; but sometimes οὐ is retained, εἰ δ᾽ ἂν.. οὐκ ἐθέλωσιν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.289; εἰ δέ κ᾽.. ου᾽κ εἰῶσι 20.139; ἐὰν οὐ φάσκῃ Lysias Orator 13.76 ; ἐάντε.. οὐ (variant{μή}) φῆτε ἐάντε φῆτε Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 25b):—with Participles: οὐκ ἐθέλων Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.224, 300, 6.165, etc.:— with Adjectives: οὐκ ἀέκοντε 5.366, 768, al.; οὐ πολλήν Thucydides Historicus 6.7, etc.:— with Adverbs: οὐχ ἥκιστα prev. author 1.68, etc.: rarely with Verbal Nouns (see. below 11.10). —On the use of οὐ in contrasts, see below Bacchylides Lyricus
__II as negativing the whole sentence,
__II.1 οὐ is frequently used alone, sometimes with the ellipsis of a definite Verb, οὔκ (i.e. ἀποκερῇ), ἄν γε ἐμοὶ πείθῃ Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 89b : sometimes as negativing the preceding sentence, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 850, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.7.19: as a Particle of solemn denial frequently with μά (which see) and the accusative; sometimes without μά, οὐ τὸν πάντων θεῶν θεὸν πρόμον Ἅλιον Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 660 (Lyric poetry), compare 1088 (Lyric poetry), “El.” 1063 (Lyric poetry), “Ant.” 758.
__II.2 with indicative of statement, τὴν δ᾽ ἐγὼ οὐ λύσω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.29, compare 114, 495 ; οὐ φθίνει Κροίσου φιλόφρων ἀρετά Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.94; ἔνθα κεν οὔ τιν᾽ ἀδάκρυτόν γ᾽ ἐνόησας Ἀργείων Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.61; οὔ κεν.. ἔπαξε Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.25; οὐκ ἂν ὑπεξέφυγε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.369.
__II.3 with subjunctive in future sense, only in Epic dialect, οὐ γάρ τίς με βίῃ γε ἑκὼν ἀέκοντα δίηται 7.197; οὐκ ἄν τοι χραίς μῃ κίθαρις 3.54, compare 11.387.
__II.4 with optative in potential sense (without ἄν or κεν), also Epic dialect, ὃ οὐ δύο γ᾽ ἄνδρε φέροιεν 5.303, 20.286.
__II.5 with optative and ἄν, κείνοισι δ᾽ ἂν οὔ τις.. μαχέοιτο 1.271, compare 301, 2.250, Herodotus Historicus 6.63, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 979, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 155 (anap.), Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 310, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 403, etc.
__II.6 in dependent clauses οὐ is used,
__II.6.a with ὅτι or ὡς, after Verbs of saying, knowing, and showing, ἐκ μέν τοι ἐρέω.. ὡς ἐγὼ οὔ τι ἑκὼν κατερύκομαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.377, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 561, Demosthenes Orator 2.8, etc. : so with indicative or optative and ἄν, ἀπελογοῦντο ὡς οὐκ ἄν ποτε οὕτω μωροὶ ἦσαν Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.4.22, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 330a; ὡς δὲ οὐκ ἂν δικαίως αὐτοὺς δέχοισθε μαθεῖν χρή Thucydides Historicus 1.40, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.1.3, etc.: with opt. representing ind. in indirect speech, ἔλεξε παιδὶ σῷ.. ὡς.. Ἕλληνες οὐ μενοῖεν Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 358, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 346, Thucydides Historicus 1.38, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.1.1, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 22b, etc.: for μή in such sentences, see at {μή} Bacchylides Lyricus 3.
__II.6.b in all causal sentences, and in temporal and Relat. sentences unless there is conditional or final meaning, χωσαμένη, ὅ οἱ οὔ τι θαλύσια.. ῥέξε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.534; ἄχθεται ὅτι οὐ κάρτα θεραπεύεται Herodotus Historicus 3.80; διότι οὐκ ἦσαν δίκαι, οὐ δυνατοὶ ἦμεν παρ᾽ αὐτῶν ἃ ὤφειλον πράξασθαι Lysias Orator 17.3; μή με κτεῖν᾽, ἐπεὶ οὐχ ὁμογάστριος Ἕκτορός εἰμι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.95, etc.; νῦν δὲ ἐπειδὴ οὐκ ἐθέλεις.., εἶμι Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 335c; ἐπειδὴ τὸ χωρίον οὐχ ἡλίσκετο Thucydides Historicus 1.102; νηπιάχοις οἷς οὔ τι μέλει πολεμήϊα ἔργα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.338, etc. : in causal relative sentences, οἵτινές σε οὐχὶ ἐσώσαμεν Plato Philosophus “Crito” 46a ; especially in the combinations, οὐκ ἔστιν ὅστις οὐ.., as οὐκ ἔστ᾽ ἐραστὴς ὅστις οὐκ ἀεὶ φιλεῖ Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 1051, compare “Hec.” 298; οὔτις ἔσθ᾽ ὃς οὔ Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 725 ; οὐδείς ἐστιν ὅστις οὐ.. Isocrates Orator 15.180.
__II.6.c after ὥστε with indicative or optative with ἄν, ὥστ᾽ οὐ δυνατόν σ᾽ εἵργειν ἔσται Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 384, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 98, “OT” 411; οὕτως αὐτοὺς ἀγαπῶμεν.. ὥστε.. οὐκ ἂν ἐθελήσαιμεν Isocrates Orator 8.45; οὐκ ἂν ὡρκίζομεν αὐτὸν ὥστε τῆς εἰρήνης ἂν διημαρτήκει καὶ οὐκ ἂν ἀμφότερ᾽ εἶχε Demosthenes Orator 18.30: ὥστε οὐ with infinitive is almost invariably due to indirect speech, ὥστ᾽ οὐκ αἰσχύνεσθαι (for οὐκ αἰσχύνονται) prev. author 19.308, compare Thucydides Historicus 5.40, 8.76, Lysias Orator 18.6, Isaeus Orator 11.27 (conjecture Reiske). —Rarely not in indirect speech, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 780, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1358, “Hel.” 108, Demosthenes Orator 53.2, 9.48.
__II.7 in a conditional clause μή is necessary, except,
__II.7.a in Homerus Epicus, when the εἰ clause precedes the apodosis and the verb is indicative, εἰ δέ μοι οὐκ ἐπέεσσ᾽ ἐπιπείσεται Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.162, compare 178, 20.129, 24.296, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.274, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.160, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.382, 13.144 (9.410 is an exception).
__II.7.b when the εἰ clause is really causal, as after Verbs expressing surprise or emotion, μὴ θαυμάσῃς, εἰ πολλὰ τῶν εἰρημένων οὐ πρέπει σοι Isocrates Orator 1.44; κατοικτῖραι.., εἰ.. οὐδεὶς ἐς ἑκατοστὸν ἔτος περιέσται Herodotus Historicus 7.46, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1242; so also δεινὸν γὰρ ἂν εἴη πρῆγμα, εἰ Σάκας μὲν καταστρεψάμενοι δούλους ἔχομεν, Ἕλληνας δὲ οὐ τιμωρησόμεθα Herodotus Historicus 7.9, compare Andocides Orator 1.102, Lysias Orator 20.8 (probably), Demosthenes Orator 8.55; οὐκ αἰσχρόν, εἰ τὸ μὲν Ἀργείων πλῆθος οὐκ ἐφοβήθη τὴν Λακεδαιμονίων ἀρχήν, ὑμεῖς δ᾽ ὄντες Ἀθηναῖοι βάρβαρον ἄνθρωπον.. φοβήσεσθ; prev. author 15.23, compare Herodotus Historicus 5.97, Lysias Orator 22.13.
__II.7.c when οὐ belongs closely to the next word (see. Aeschylus Tragicus I) , or is quoted unchanged, εἰ, ὡς νῦν φήσει, οὐ παρεσκευάσατο Demosthenes Orator 54.29 codices ; εἰ δ᾽ οὐκέτ᾽ ἐστί (i.e. ὥσπερ λέγεις), τίνι τρόπῳ διεφθάρη ; Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 347.
__II.8 οὐ is used with infinitive in indirect speech, when it represents the indicative of orat. recta, φαμὲν δέ οἱ οὐ τελέεσθαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.664, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.174, 21.316, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1389, etc.; λέγοντες οὐκ εἶναι αὐτόνομοι Thucydides Historicus 1.67, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 348c, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.6.18; οἶμαι.. οὐκ ὀλίγον ἔργον αὐτὸ εἶναι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 369b, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1051, Thucydides Historicus 1.71, etc.; ἡγήσαντο ἡμᾶς οὐ περιόψεσθαι prev. work 39. (For the occasional use of μή, see at {μή} Bacchylides Lyricus 5c ; sometimes we have οὐ and μή in consecutive clauses, οἶμαι σοῦ κάκιον οὐδὲν ἂν τούτων κρατύνειν μηδ᾽ ἐπιθύνειν χερί Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1058s q.; αὐτὸ ἡγοῦμαι οὐ διδακτὸν εἶναι μηδὲ.. παρασκευαστόν Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 319b.)
__II.9 οὐ is used with the participle, when it can be resolved into a finite sentence with οὐ, as after Verbs of knowing and showing, τὸν κατθανόνθ᾽ ὁρῶντες οὐ τιμώμενον Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 316; κατενόησαν οὐ πολλοὺς τοὺς Θηβαίους ὄντας Thucydides Historicus 2. 3; ἔργῳ δηλώσω οὐ παραγενόμενος Antipho Orator 2.4.8, etc. ; or into a causal sentence, τῶν βαρβάρων οἱ πολλοὶ ἐν τῇ θαλάσσῃ διεφθάρησαν νέειν οὐκ ἐπιστάμενοι Herodotus Historicus 8.89; τὴν Μένδην πόλιν ἅτε οὐκ ἀπὸ ξυμβάσεως ἀνοιχθεῖσαν διήρπασαν Thucydides Historicus 4.130 ; or into a concessive sentence, δόξω γυναῖκα καίπερ οὐκ ἔχων ἔχειν Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 352, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 377, etc.: regularly with ὡς and participle, ὡς οὐχὶ συνδράσουσα νουθετεῖς τάδε prev. author “El.” 1025, etc.; ἐθορυβεῖτε ὡς οὐ ποιήσοντες ταῦτα Lysias Orator 12.73, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 884, “Aj.” 682, Herodotus Historicus 7.99, Thucydides Historicus 1.2, 5, 28, 68, 90; ὥσπερ οὐ πάντας τούτῳ τῷ τεκμηρίῳ χρωμένους Lycurgus Orator 90, compare Thucydides Historicus 8.1, Isocrates Orator 4.11 :—for exceptions, see at {μή} Bacchylides Lyricus 6.
__II.9.b when the participle is used with the Article, μή is generally used, unless there is a distinct reference to a fact, when οὐ is occasionally found, ἡμεῖς δὲ ἀπὸ τῆς οὐκ οὔσης ἔτι πόλεως ὁρμώμενοι Thucydides Historicus 1.74; τοὺς ἐν τῇ πόλει οὐδὲν εἰδότας prev. author 4.111; οἱ οὐκ ἐθέλοντες Antipho Orator 6.26; τῶν οὐ βουλομένων Andocides Orator 1.9; τοὺς οὐδὲν ἀδικοῦντας ἀκρίτους ἀπέκτειναν Lysias Orator 12.82, compare τὸν οὐδὲ συμπενθῆσαι τὰς τῆς πατρίδος συμφορὰς τολμήσαντα (preceded by τὸν.. μήτε ὅπλα θέμενον ὑπὲρ τῆς πατρίδος μήτε τὸ σῶμα παρασχόντα κτλ.) Lycurgus Orator 43; τὸ οὐχ εὑρημένον Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 427e.
__II.10 Adjectives and abstract Substantives with the article commonly take μή (see. μή Bacchylides Lyricus 7) but οὐ is occasionally used, τὰς οὐκ ἀναγκαίας πόσεις Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Lacedaemoniorum” 5.4; τοὺς οὐδένας Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 371; τὸν οὐδέν prev. author “Ph.” 598 (whereas ὁ μηδείς, τὸ μηδέν is the rule) ; τὴν τῶν γεφυρῶν οὐ διάλυσιν the non- dissolution of the bridges, the fact of their notbeing broken up, Thucydides Historicus 1.137; ἡ οὐ περιτείχισις prev. author 3.95; ἡ τῶν χωρίων οὐκ ἀπόδοσις prev. author 5.35, compare Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 196 (anap.) ; so without the article, ἐν οὐ καιπῷ prev. author “Ba.” 1287; οὐ πάλης ὕπο prev. work 455.
__II.11 for οὐ μή, see entry
__II.12 in questions οὐ ordinarily expects a positive answer, οὔ νυ καὶ ἄλλοι ἔασι..; Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.165 ; οὐχ ὁράᾳς..; dost thou not see? Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.545; οὐκ.. ᾐσθόμη; Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 956 : so as a strong form of imperative,; Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 273, “fragment” 310; πῶς δ᾽ οὐχ; prev. author “Supp.” 918, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 1027 ; ἐμὸς μὲν οὐχί Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 859: also in Prose, Thucydides Historicus 1.120, al., NT.1Cor.5.12, etc.: the diphthong is genuine and always written ου (ουκ, ουδε, etc.) in early Inscrr., “IG” 12.10.22, etc.; in 4th c.BC rarely written οκ, prev. work 22.1635.112,116,121 ; οὐ abbreviated ο, Suid. see at {Φιλοξένου γραμμάτιον}.
__H ACCENTUATION. οὐ is oxytone accusative to Hdn.Gr.1.494 (text doubtfulin 504): Aristoteles Philosophus “Sophistici Elenchi” 166b6, referring to Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.328 τὸ μὲν ου (i.e. οὐ ={οὒ}) καταπύθεται ὄμβρῳ, says λύουσι.. τῇ προσῳδίᾳ λέγοντες τὸ ου ὀξύτερον (i.e. οὗ), compare 178b3. In codices the word is written oxytone when followed by a pause (see. supr. B), and is usually written without any accent in other cases.
__H.I οὐ in connexion with other Particles will be found in alphabetical order, οὐ γάρ, οὐ μή, etc.—The corresponding forms of μή should be compared.

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Grieks οὐ G3756 "nee, niet";

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