G3784 ὀφείλω
schuldig zijn
Taal: Grieks

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opheilō, ww of (in bepaalde tijden) de verlengde vorm ophei'leo; waarschijnlijk van de grondvorm van ὄφελος G03786 (via het idee van aangroeien); TDNT - 5:559,746;


1) schuldig zijn 1a) geld schuldig zijn, schuld hebben 1a1) dat wat verschuldigd is, de schuld


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ὀφείλω, [in LXX: De 15:2, Is 24:2 (נשׁה H5383, נשׁא H5378), Ez 18:7 (חוב H2326), Wi 12:15, 20, al.;] to owe, be a debtor: c. acc. rei, Mt 18:28, Lk 7:41 16:7, Phm 18; id. c. dat. pers., Mt 18:28, Lk 16:5. Pass., to be owed, to be due: τ. ὀφειλόμενον, Mt 18:30, 34. Metaph.: absol. (= Rabbinic חַיָּב; v. McNeile, in l.), Mt 23:16, 18; c. acc. rei et dat. pers., Ro 13:8; c. inf., to be bound or obliged to do (of. Westc., Epp. Jo., 50), Lk 17:10, Jo 13:14 19:7, Ac 17:29, Ro 15:1, 27, I Co 5:10 7:36 9:10 11:7, 10, II Co 12:14, Eph 5:28, II Th 1:3 2:13, He 2:17 5:3, 12, I Jn 2:6 3:16 4:11, III Jn 8; ὤφειλον συνίστασθαι, I ought to have been commended, II Co 12:11. In peculiar Aram. sense of having wronged one (v.s. ὀφείλημα; but of. also Inscr. ἁμαρτίαν ὀφείλω, Deiss., BS, 225), c. dat. pers., Lk 11:4 (cf. προσ-οφείλω).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ὀφείλ-ω,
  imperfect ὤφειλον; Epic dialect ὀφέλλω (also Aeolic dialect, “IG” 12(2).67.7 (Mytil.), and 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus, prev. work 5(2).343.27 (Orchom. 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus, 4th c.BC)), imperfect ὤφελλον or ὄφελλον, see infr. II. 2, 3 (the Attic. or Ion. ὀφείλετ᾽, ὄφειλον in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.686, 688, 698, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 174 is probably due to the Copyists) : future ὀφειλήσω Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.2.28, Demosthenes Orator 30.7, also ὀφειλέσω “TAM” 2.431, al. : aorist 1 ὠφείλησα Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 115, Thucydides Historicus 8.5 (ἐπ-): perfect ὠφείληκα: pluperfect -ήκειν Demosthenes Orator 45. 33: aorist 2 ὤφελον (see. below 11.2, 3) :—passive, aorist participle ὀφειληθείς Thucydides Historicus 3.63 . (Cretan dialect ὀφήλω “GDI” 5015.21 , written ὀπέλο “Leg.Gort.” 10.20, al., 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus ὀφέλλω (see. above) and ὀφήλω “SIG” 306.40 (Tegea, 4th c.BC) : in early Attic dialect Inscrr. written both ὀφελ -IG 12.91.8 , al., and ὀφειλ- prev. work109.9, al.) :—owe, have to pay or account for, τὸ καὶ μοιχάγρι᾽ ὀφέλλει Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.332 ; ὅτι μοι.. ζωάγρι᾽ ὀφέλλεις prev. work 462; χρεῖος, τό ῥά οἱ πᾶς δῆμος ὄφελλεν 21.17; πολέσιν γὰρ Ἐπειοὶ χρεῖος ὄφειλον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.688; ζημίην ὀ. τῷ θεῷ Herodotus Historicus 3.52, etc.: metaph., μητέρα μοι ζώουσαν ὀφέλλετε Callimachus Epicus “Fragmenta” 126 ; τί ὀφείλω; what do I owe? Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 21 ; ὀ. ἀργύριον, χρέα, prev. author “Av.” 115, “Nu.” 117; ὀ. ἢ θεῷ θυσίας ἢ ἀνθρώπῳ χρήματα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 331b; ὀ. τινὶ δρᾶν τι prev. work 332a: with dat. only, ὀ. τινί to be debtor to another, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1135, “Lys.” 581, etc.; τρίτον δὲ χαίρειν, εἶτ᾽ ὀ. μηδενί Philemo Comicus 163 : absolutely, to be in debt, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 485, etc. ; οἱ ὀφείλοντες debtors, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1167b21, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.832a :—passive, to be due, ἔνθα χρεῖός μοι ὀφέλλεται (variant{ὀφείλεται}) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.367; χρεῖος ὀφείλετο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.686, 698; ἢν.. ὀφείληταί τί μοι Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 484; μισθὸς τοῖς στρατιώταις ὠφείλετο Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.2.11, etc. ; τὸ ὀφειλόμενον a debt, prev. work 7.7.34; -όμενα ἀποδιδόντες Herodotus Historicus 5.99, compare Simonides Lyricus cited in Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 331e.
__2 metaphorically, ὀ. μέλος τινί Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10(11).3; πολλὰ δώμασιν καλά Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 287 ; ὀ. χάριν, see at {χάρις} 1.2; Ἀπόλλωνι χαριστήρια Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.2.28; τὴν ψυχὴν πᾶσιν Aelianus “Varia Historia” 10.5 :—passive, ὀφείλεταί τινι ἐκ θεῶν κλέος Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 315; ὀ. τινὶ εὐεργεσία Thucydides Historicus 1.137; ἀντὶ χαρίτων ἔχθραι ὀ. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.5.32; τοῖς μὲν ἐχθροῖς βλάβην ὀ., τοῖς δὲ φίλοις ὠφελίαν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 335e, compare 332b ; τοὐφειλόμενον πράσσουσα Δίκη what is due, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 310.
__3 as a legal term, to be bound to render, εὐθύνας ὤφειλον Andocides Orator 1.73 codices (f.l. for{ὦφλον}): hence, like{ὀφλισκάνω} , incur a penalty, ζημίαν Lysias Orator 9.10; διπλῆν τὴν βλάβην prev. author 1.32, compare Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 360; τὴν τοιαύτην δίκην Plato Philosophus “Leges” 909a, compare 774b, 774d, 844e, Demosthenes Orator 21.77; ἁμαρτίαν ὀ. Μηνὶ Τυράννῳ “IG” 3.74.15 (2nd-3rd c.AD).
__4 in passive, of persons, to be due or liable to, θανάτῳ πάντες ὀφειλόμεθα Simonides Lyricus 122, cf. LXX.Wis.12.20, “IG” 3.1381; but τοιαύταις χερσὶν ὀφειλόμεθα +4th c.BC+our help is due, Anthologia Graeca 9.283 (1st cCrinagoras Epigrammaticus).
__II with infinitive, to be bound, to be obliged to do, ὀφέλλετε ταῦτα πένεσθαι ye are bound, ye ought to.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.200, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.41, 42, al., Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 682, 712, etc. ; and of things, ought to be, ὁ λόγος οὐκ ἀκριβῶς ὀ. λέγεσθαι Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1104a2 :—passive, δράσαντι γάρ τοι καὶ παθεῖν ὀφείλεται Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 456 ; σοὶ τοῦτ᾽ ὀφείλεται παθεῖν it is thy destiny to.., Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1421, compare “El.” 1173; ὡς πᾶσιν ἡμῖν κατθανεῖν ὀφείλεται Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 419, compare 782, “Or.” 1245, Lysias Orator 25.11; see above 1.4.
__II.2 in this signification Epic dialect imperfect ὤφελλον or ὄφελλον and aorist ὤφελον or ὄφελον are used of that which one has not, but ought to have, done (ought being the pret. of owe), ὤφελεν ἀθανάτοισιν εὔχεσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.546; νῦν ὄφελεν πονέεσθαι λισσόμενος 10.117, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.472.
__II.3 these tenses are also used, followed by present or aorist infinitive, in wishes that something were or had been in present or past, ἀνδρὸς.. ὤφελλον ἀμείνονος εἶναι ἄκοιτις I ought to be.., would that I were.. ! Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.350 ; τὴν ὄφελ᾽ ἐν νήεσσι κατακτάμεν Ἄρτεμις would that Artemis had slain her !, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.59, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.97; τιμήν πέρ μοι ὄφελλεν Ὀλύμπιος ἐγγυαλίξαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.353: frequently preceded by εἴθε (Ep. αἴθε), ὡς, ὡς δή, which express the wish still more strongly, αἴθ᾽ ὄφελες ἄγονός τ᾽ ἔμεναι ἄγαμός τ᾽ ἀπολέσθαι O that thou hadst!, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.40, compare 1.415, etc.; αἴθ᾽ ὤφελλες.. σημαίνειν 14.84; αἴθ᾽ ὤφελλ᾽ ὁ ξεῖνος.. ὀλέσθαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.401; αἴθ᾽ ἅμα πάντες.. ὠφέλετε.. ἐπὶ νηυσὶ πεφάσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.254: with ὡς, ὡς ὄφελον.. ἑλέσθαι O that I had.. !, 11.380; θανέειν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.274; ὡς πρὶν ὤφελλον ὀλέσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.764, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.68; ὡς ὤφελες αὐτόθ᾽ ὀλέσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.428; ὡς.. ὤφελες Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.184 ; ὡς ὄφελεν.. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.173, etc.: strengthened, ὡς δὴ ἔγωγ᾽ ὄφελον.. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.217: also with neg., μὴ ὄφελες λίσσεσθαι .. would thou hadst never.. !, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.698; ἣ μὴ ὤφελλε γενέσθαι 17.686; τὼ μὴ γείνασθαι ὄφελλον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.312; ὡς μὴ ὤφελλε τεκέσθαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.481; ὡς δὴ μὴ ὄφελον νικᾶν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.548.—So in Trag. and Attic., ὤφελον.. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1157 ; ὤφελες.. Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 865 ; ὤφελε.. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 48, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.1.4, etc.: also, as in Ep., εἴθ᾽ ὤφελες.. Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1021 ; εἴθ᾽ ὤφελ᾽.. Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 41, etc. ; εἰ γὰρ ὤφελον.. prev. author “Ec.” 380, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 432c, “Cri.” 44d ; ὡς ὤφελες.. Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 955: with neg., μήποτ᾽ ὤφελον Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 969, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 880 (anap.), Demosthenes Orator 18.288 ; ὡς μήποτ᾽ ὤφελον.. Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 286; ὡς μηδὲ νῦν ὤφελον Demosthenes Orator 21.78: without augment in Herodotus Historicus, εἶδον.. τὸ μὴ ἰδεῖν ὄφελον (variant{ὤ-}) 1.111, compare 3.65: sometimes in Trag. (Lyric poetry and anap.), εἴθ᾽ ὄφελε.. Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 915 ; ὄφελε.. Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1192 ; μήποτ᾽ ὄφελον.. Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 1413. (In this signification ὤφειλον is used in late Epic dialect, ὡς μὴ ὤφειλες ἱκέσθαι 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 5.194, but ὤφελλον should be read in Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 174 and ὤφελε in Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 1291.)
__II.3.b with indicative, ὤφελε μηδ᾽ ἐγένοντο θοαὶ νέες Callimachus Epicus “Epigrammata” 19.1, compare 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 10.378, etc.
__II.3.c ὄφελον (adverb accusative to Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 142.9, “Etymologicum Magnum” 643.48) in this signification: with accusative et infinitive, ὤμοι ἐγών, ὄφελόν με.. ὀλέσθαι Orphica “Argonautica” 1159: even with 2 pers. of Verb, ὄφελον ἐβασιλεύσατε NT.1Cor.4.8, cf. NT.2Cor.11.1, NT.Gal.5.12, NT.Rev.3.15, LXX.Job.14.13, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 4.156a; ὄφελον δυνήσῃ Lucianus Sophista “Sol.” 1 (as a solecism): with 3 pers., Arrianus Historicus “Epicteti Dissertationes” 2.18.15, Dio Chrysostomus Sophista 38.47: with 1 pers. pl., ὄφελον ἀπεθάνομεν LXX.Exo.16.3 ; ὤφελον (sic) εἰ ἐδυνάμεθα πέτασθαι “PGiss.” 17.10 (2nd c.AD): with infinitive, ὄφελομ μὲν ἡ θεὸς.. στερῆσαι.. “OGI” 315.16 (Pessinus, 2nd c.BC).
__III impersonal ὀφείλει, it behoves, with accusative et infinitive, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 2.6 ; ὄφελλέ με μήτε.. εἰσοράαν κτλ. Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.678: so pers. in participle, absolutely, αἱ ὀφείλουσαι ἱερουργίαι τῶν θεῶν the due services of the gods, “PTeb.” 294.24 (2nd c.AD) ; κατὰ τὸν ὀφείλοντα καιρόν Soranus Medicus 1.79 . (ὦφλον, ὤφληκα, aorist and perfect of ὀφλισκάνω, were probably originally aorist and perfect of ὀφείλω: ὄφελον in signf. II. 3c may be originally neuter participle of ὤφελε (signification 111) with omission of ἐστί.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ὀφειλέτης G3781 "schuldenaar"; Grieks ὀφειλή G3782 "schuld"; Grieks ὀφείλημα G3783 "overtreding, zonde, verschuldigdiging"; Grieks ὄφελον G3785 "o, mocht ik"; Grieks ὄφελος G3786 "voordeel, nut"; Grieks προσοφείλω G4359 "daarenboven schuldig zijn";

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