G3788 ὀφθαλμός
oog
Taal: Grieks

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Oog (lichaamsdeel),

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ofthalmos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ὀφθαλμός, -οῦ, ὁ, [in LXX chiefly for עַיִן H5869;] the eye (as in cl., chiefly pl.): Mt 5:38, Mk 9:47, Lk 6:41, Jo 9:6, al.; τοὺς ὀ. ἐξορύθσσειν (fig.), Ga 4:15; ἐπᾶραι, Lk 6:20, Jo 6:5; ἀνοῖξα, Ac 9:40; id., of restoring sight, Mt 20:33, Jo 9:10, al.; ἐν ῥιπῇ ὀφθαλμοῦ, I Co 15:52; by anthropom., of God, He 4:13, I Pe 3:12; pleonastically (cf. Thackeray, Gr., 42 f.), εἶδον οἱ ὀ. μου, Lk 2:30 (similarly, Lk 4:20 10:23, Jo 12:40, I Co 2:9, I Jo 1:1, Re 1:7 (a) of ethical qualities: ὀ. πονηρός (meton., for envy; cf. Heb. עַיִן רַע H5869,H7451, Pr 28:22; cf. Si 14:10 34:13), Mt 6:22, 23, Mk 7:22, Lk 11:34; ἁπλοῦς, Mt 6:22, Lk 11:34; ἐπιθυμία (q.v.) ὀφθαλμῶν (cf. Ec 4:8, Si 14:9), I Jo 2:16; ὀ. μεστοὶ μοιχαλἰδος, II Pe 2:14; (b) of mental vision: Mt 13:15, Mk 8:18, Lk 19:42, Jo 12:40, Ro 11:8, Ga 3:1, Eph 1:18, al.; ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖς seq. gen. (on the absence of the art., v.Bl., § 46, 9n; M, Pr., 81), Mt 21:42, Mk 12:11.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ὀφθαλμός, ὁ,
  (ὄπωπ-α, ὀφ-θῆναι, see at {ὄψ} B) eye, used by Homerus Epicus and Hesiodus Epicus mostly in plural; ὀφθαλμοὶ δ᾽ ὡς εἰ κέρα ἕστασαν.. ἀτρέμας ἐν βλεφάροισι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.211: sg., παίειν τινὰ ἐς τὸν ὀ. Herodotus Historicus 9.22 : the plural continued most common, but the dual also occurs, as in Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 362: pl. is used in many phrases, ἐλθέμεν ἐς ὀφθαλμούς τινος before one's eyes, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.204; οὐδ᾽ Ἀχιλῆος ὀφθαλμοὺς εἴσειμι prev. work 463 ; ὀφθαλμοῖσιν ἰδεῖν, ὁρᾶσθαι, etc., 10.275, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.47, etc. ; but ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖσιν ὁρᾶν, νοεῖν, to see before one's eyes, 8.459, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.312 ; ἔχειν ἐν ὀ. to have before one's eyes, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.5.29 ; τὰ ἐν ὀ. what is before one's eyes, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 174c ; τὸ ἐν τοῖς ὀ. δὴ γελοῖον what was ridiculous to the eye, prev. author “R.” 452d ; ἐπίπροσθε τῶν ὀ. prev. author “Smp.” 213a; πρὸ τῶν ὀ. προφαίνεσθαι Aeschines Orator 2.148; ἐπ᾽ ὀφθαλμῶν Lucianus Sophista “Tox.” 20 ; γενέσθαι τινὶ ἐξ ὀφθαλμῶν to get out of any one's sight, Herodotus Historicus 5.106; ἐξ ὀ. ἀποπέμψασθαι prev. author 1.120; ἐξ ὀ. ποιεῖν Alciphro Epistolographus 3.20 ; κατ᾽ ὀφθαλμοὺς λέγειν τινί to tell one to one's face, opposed to εἰς οὖς, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 626 ; τυράννου κατ᾽ ὀ. κατηγορεῖν to accuse him to his face, Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 1.14: sg. in the phrase πρὸς ὀφθαλμὸν ἐπιχεῖν, μίσγειν , by eye, PHolm. 7.23, “PLeid.X.” 62 ; eyes were painted on the bows of vessels, βλοσυροῖς κατὰ πρῷραν ὀφθαλμοῖς οἷον βλέπει Philostratus Sophista “Philostrati majoris imagines” 1.19, compare “IG” 22.1607.24, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 1.86 ; whence the joke in Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 97.
__2 στέρησις ὀφθαλμῶν temporary loss of sight, Galenus Medicus 17(1).400.
__II in singular, the eye of a master or ruler, πάντα ἰδὼν Διὸς ὀ. Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 267; Δίκης ὀ. ὃς τὰ πάνθ᾽ ὁρᾷ Menander Comicus “Μονόστιχοι - Fragmenta Comicorum Graecorum” 179; δεσπότου ὀ. Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 12.20 ; ἀκοίμητος ὀ., of God, Secundus Gnomologus “Sententiae - FPG” 3 ; so a king is called ὀ. οἴκων Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 934 (so ὄμμα “Pers.” 169) ; and in Persia ὀφθαλμὸς βασιλέως the king's eye was a confidential officer, through whom he beheld his kingdom and subjects, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 979 (Lyric poetry), Herodotus Historicus 1.114, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 92, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.2.10f, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1287b29, Philo Judaeus 1.642 ; compare οὖς.
__III the eye of heaven, ἑσπέρας ὀ., νυκτὸς ὀ., of the moon, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 3.20, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 390 ; also οὐράνιος ὀ., of the sun, Secundus Gnomologus “Sententiae - FPG” 5.
__IV the dearest, best, as the eye is the most precious part of the body, hence of men, ὀ. Σικελίας, στρατιᾶς, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.10, 6.16 ; also, light, cheer, comfort, μέγας γ᾽ ὀ. οἱ πατρὸς τάφοι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 987, compare Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 406.
__V eye or bud of a plant or tree, Alcman Lyricus 43, Ion Eleg. 1.6, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ φύσιος παιδίου” 26, Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 19.10, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 1.8.5, etc.
__VI a surgical bandage covering one or both eyes, Hippocrates Medicus “κατ᾽ ἰητρεῖον” 7, Heliodorus Medicus cited in Oribasius Medicus 48.29, 30.
__VII Architecture texts, in dual, the disks forming the centres of the volutes of an Ionic capital, “IG” 12.374.291.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀντοφθαλμέω G503 "weerspannig zijn"; Grieks μονόφθαλμος G3442 "eenogig"; Grieks ὀπτάνομαι G3700 "gezien worden"; Grieks ὀφθαλμοδουλεία G3787 "dienst";

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