G3804 πάθημα
lijden, ongeluk, ramp, kwaad
Taal: Grieks

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pathi̱ma,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

* πάθημα, -τος, τό (< πάσχω), like πάθος, 1. that which befalls one, a suffering, affliction: pl., Ro 8:18, II Co 1:6, 7, Col 1:24, II Ti 3:11, He 2:10 10:32, I Pe 5:9; of Christ's sufferings: τὰ εἰς Χ., I Pe 1:11; τ. Χριστσῦ, I Pe 5:1; id. as shared by Christians, II Co 1:5, Phl 3:10, I Pe 4:13. 2. a passive emotion, affection, passion: Ga 5:24; τ. ἁμαρτιῶν, Ro 7:5. 3. = τὸ πάσχειν, an enduring or suffering: c. gen. obj., He 2:9.†

SYN.: v.s. πάθος G3806.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πᾰθ-ημα, ατος, τό,
  dative plural παθημάτοις “Comica Adespota” 283 (Aetol. acc. to 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 279.42, 1761.36) :—that which befalls one, suffering, misfortune, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 142, Thucydides Historicus 4.48, etc. ; τὸ π. τοῦ Χριστοῦ the passion of Christ, NT.2Cor.1.5 ; of good fortune, χαῖρε παθὼν τὸ π. (deification) Orphica “Fragmenta” 32f : mostly in plural, Herodotus Historicus 8.136, etc.; παθήμαθ᾽ ἅπαθον Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 361 ; ἀκούσια π., opposed to ἑκούσια καὶ ἐκ προνοίας ἀδικήματα, Antipho Orator 1.27 ; τὰ δέ μοι π. μαθήματα γέγονε my sufferings have been my lessons compare (πάθος 1.2), Herodotus Historicus 1.207, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 199, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 222b.
__II emotion or condition, affection, π. τῆς ψυχῆς εἶναι τὴν σωφροσύνην, οὐ μάθημα Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.1.17, compare Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 79d ; opposed to ποίημα, prev. author “Sph.” 248b; τὸ τῆς ἑτέρας χειρὸς π. Plotinus Philosophus 4.9.2 ; but in early writers mostly in plural, affections, feelings, opposed to ποιήματα, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 437b; τὰ περὶ τὸ σῶμα π. prev. author “Phlb.” 33d; ὅσα διὰ τοῦ σώματος π. ἐπὶ τὴν ψυχὴν τείνει prev. author “Tht.” 186c; π. ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ γιγνόμενα prev. author “R.” 511d ; παθήμασιν ὑπηρετεῖν obey the feelings, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1254b24 ; opposed to ἤθη, ἕξεις, prev. author “Rh.” 1396b33, compare “Po.” 1449b28.
__II.2 in Medicine texts, plural, troubles, symptoms, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 2, “Epid.” 2.2.24; π. καὶ νοσήματα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 439d, compare 389c.
__III in plural, incidents, happenings, τὰ ἐν.. Ὀδυσσείᾳ π. prev. work 393b; πάντα εἴδη καὶ π. πολιτειῶν prev. author “Lg.” 681d.
__III.2 incidents or changes of material bodies, τὰ οὐράνια π. prev. author “Ion” 531c, compare “Phd.” 98a; τὰ τῆς σελήνης π. Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 982b16, compare “Mete.” 363a24, 365a12.
__III.3 in Logic, incidents, properties, or accidents, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 271b, “Prm.” 141d, 157b, Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Posteriora” 76b13, “Cael.” 310a20 ; τὰ π. τὰ αἰσθητά, of colour, etc., prev. author “Sens.” 445b4.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks παθητός G3805 "gevoelig"; Grieks πάθος G3806 "aandoening, lijden, leed, smart";

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