G3806 πάθος
aandoening, lijden, leed, smart
Taal: Grieks

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pathos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πάθος, -ους, τό (< πάσχω), [in LXX: Jb 30:31 (אֵבֶל H60), Pr 25:20, and very freq. in IV Mac (1:1 ff., al.)*;] like πάθημα; 1. that which befalls one, that which one suffers. 2. a passive emotion or affection (esp. of violent emotion), a passion, passionate desire; in NT always in bad sense: Col 3:5; π. ἀτιμίας, Ro 1:26; π. ἐπιθυμίας, I Th 4:5.†

SYN.: π. = πάθημα G3804, exc. that πάθημα is the more concrete and particular. In NT usage, π. represents the passive, ungoverned aspect of evil desire, as opp. to ἐπιθυμία G1939, which is the active and also the more comprehensive term (v. Tr., Syn., lxxxvii); cf. also ὄρεξις G3715.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πάθος ᾰ, εος, τό,
  (πάσχω) that which happens to a person or thing, τὰ ἐν τοῖς κατόπτροις τῆς ὄψεως π. Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 193c ; τὰ ἐν τῷ ἀνθρωπίνῳ βίῳ τῆς ψυχῆς π. prev. author “R.” 612a ; incident, accident, τὰ ἀνθρωπήϊα π. Herodotus Historicus 5.4 ; τὸ συντυχὸν π. Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 313 ; οὗ τόδ᾽ ἦν π. where this incident took place, prev. author “OT” 732 ; ἔξωθεν π. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 381a ; unfortunate accident, Antipho Orator 3.4.10.
__2 what one has experienced, good or bad, experience, τὸν πάθει μάθος θέντα κυρίως ἔχειν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 177 (Lyric poetry) ; τά γ᾽ ἐμὰ π. my experiences, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 96a; τὸ δρᾶμα τοῦ πάθους πλέον Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 533 ; opposed to ἔργα, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 245c, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Caelo” 298a28 ; opposed to πρᾶξις, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 876d; ἤθη καὶ π. καὶ πράξεις Aristoteles Philosophus “Poetica” 1447a28.
__2.b in bad sense, misfortune, calamity, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 703, Herodotus Historicus 1.91, Lysias Orator 32.10, etc.; οὐλίῳ σὺν πάθει Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 932 (Lyric poetry) ; τὰ τῆς Νιόβης π. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 380a, etc. ; ἀνήκεστον π. ἔρδειν to do an act which is an irreparable mischief to one, Herodotus Historicus 1.137 ; μετὰ τῆς θυγατρὸς τὸ π., i.e. her death, prev. author 2.133 ; π. μέγα πεπονθέναι, of a great defeat, prev. author 3.147, compare 5.87, al.
__2.c ={πάθημα} 11.2, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione Animalium” 738a16, 750a30, Galenus Medicus 10.91.
__II of the soul, emotion, passion (λέγω δὲ πάθη.. ὅλως οἷς ἕπεται ἡδονὴ ἢ λύπη Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1105b21), σοφίη ψυχὴν παθῶν ἀφαιρεῖται Democritus Epigrammaticus 31; διὰ πάθους Thucydides Historicus 3.84 ; ἐρωτικὸν π. Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 265b ; π. ποιεῖν to excite passion, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1418a12; ἐν π. εἶναι prev. author “Pol.” 1287b3 ; ἐκτὸς τοῦ π. εἶναι to be exempt from passion, Teles Philosophus p.56 H.; ἔξω τῶν π. γίγνεσθαι Dio Cassius Historicus 60.3 ; περὶ παθῶν, title of work by Zeno the Stoic, 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 7.4; in Epicurus Philosophus , sensation (including pleasure and pain), ἀκουστικὸν π. “Ep.” 1p.13U., compare p.19 U. (pl.); ὡς κανόνι τῷ π. πᾶν ἀγαθὸν κρίνοντες prev. work 3p.63U.
__III state, condition, τὸ τῆς παντοδαπῆς ἀγνοίας π. Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 228e, compare 243c, “Plt.” 277d, “Ap.” 22c ; opposed to ἐνέργεια, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 12.17 ; opposed to ποίημα, Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 248d.
__III.2 incidents of things, changes or happenings occurring in them, τὰ οὐράνια π. Plato Philosophus “Hp.Ma.” 285c ; τὰ περὶ τὸν οὐρανὸν π. prev. author “Phd.” 96c; τὰ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ π. καὶ μέρη Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 986a5; π. τοῦτο, ὃ καλεῖν εἰώθαμεν σεισμόν prev. author “Mu.” 395b36.
__III.3 properties, qualities of things, opposed to οὐσία, Plato Philosophus “Euthyphro” 11a ; π. λέγεται.. ποιότης καθ᾽ ἣν ἀλλοιοῦσθαι ἐνδέχεται, οἷον τὸ λευκὸν καὶ τὸ μέλαν, καὶ γλυκὺ καὶ πικρόν, καὶ βαρύτης καὶ κουφότης, κτλ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1022b15; τῶν ἀριθμῶν π. prev. work 985b29 ; ἀριθμοῖς καὶ γραμμαῖς καὶ τοῖς τούτων π. Iamblichus Philosophus “de communi mathematica scientia” 23; γεωμετρία περὶ τὰ συμβεβηκότα πάθη τοῖς μεγέθεσι Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1355b31, compare “APo.” 75b1 ; τῶν φυτῶν τὰ μέρη καὶ τὰ π. Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 1.1.1; αἱ δυνάμεις καὶ τὰ π. prev. work 8.4.2.
__IV Grammars, modification in form of words (especially dialectal), πάθη τῆς λέξεως Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1460b12, compare Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Pronominibus;” 38.24, al.
__IV.2 in Syntax, modified construction, of omission or redundancy, prev. author “Synt.” 6.15, 267.8.
__IV.2.b passivity, Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus 637.30, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Syntaxi;” 12.17, al.
__IV.2.c in writing, signs other than accents and breathings (ἀπόστροφος, ὑφέν, ὑποδιαστολή), Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus “Supp.” 1p.107U.
__V Rhet., emotional style or treatment, τὸ σφοδρὸν καὶ ἐνθουσιαστικὸν π. Longinus Rhetor 8.1; πάθος ποιεῖν Aristoteles Philosophus “Rh.” 1418a12; πράγματα π. ἔχοντα Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.711e, etc.: pl., πάθη διεστῶτα ὕψους Longinus Rhetor 8.2.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks κακοπάθεια G2552 "verdriet, smart, ellende"; Grieks μετριοπαθέω G3356 "matig aangedaan zijn"; Grieks πάθημα G3804 "lijden, ongeluk, ramp, kwaad"; Grieks πάσχω G3958 "lijden, doorstaan";

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