G3820 παλαιός
oud
Taal: Grieks

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palaios̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

παλαιός, -ά, -όν (< πάλαι), [in LXX: Le 25:22 26:10, Ca 7:13 (14) (ישׁן H3462), Jos 9:4, 5, Je 45 (38):11 (בָּלֶה H1087), etc.;] old, ancient; opp. to νέος, καινός: οἶνος, Lk 5:39; διαθήκη, II Co 3:14; ἐντολή, I Jn 2:7; ζύμη, I Co 5:7, 8; ὁ π. ἄςθρωπος (for similar phrases, v. Westc., Eph., 68), Ro 6:6, Eph 4:22, Col 3:9; neut. pl., καινὰ καὶ π., Mt 13:52; of things not merely old, but worn by use (as Jos 9:4, 5, LXX), Mt 9:16, 17, Mk 2:21, 22, Lk 5:36, 37.†

SYN.: v.s. ἀρχαῖος G744.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πᾰλαιός, ά, όν,
  Aeolic dialect πάλαος 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 28.33, “epigram Gr.” 992 (from Balbilla) ; Boeotian dialect παληός “Etymologicum Magnum” 32.6 ; Laconian dialect παλεός (see. below): regular comparative and superlative παλαιότερος Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 6.53, Thucydides Historicus 1.1 codices, παλαιότατος Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 83a, etc.: more frequently παλαίτερος, παλαίτατος (from πάλαι), Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 10.58, “N.” 7.44, Thucydides Historicus 1.4, etc. The penultimate is sometimes short in Poets, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 956 (assuming variant), Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 497, Damocrates Poeta Medicus cited in Galenus Medicus 13.1049; παλεός γα ναὶ τὸν Κάστορα ἄνθρωπος Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 988 ; in these places παλεός (a form mentioned by Hdn. Gr. 2.909, compare Theognostus Grammaticus “Can.” 50.3, Scholia Aristophanes Comicus “Lys.” same place, 1Suidas Legal icographus, and corroborated by the Papyrus (4th c.BC) of Timotheus (see. παλεομίσημα, παλεονυμφάγονος)) may be retained or restored).:
__I old in years,
__I.1 mostly of persons, aged, ἢ νέος ἠὲ παλαιός Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.108; νέοι ἠδὲ παλαιοί Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.395, compare Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 3p.59U.; παλαιῷ φωτὶ ἐοικώς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.136 ; π. γέρων, π. γρηῦς, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.432, 19.346, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 676; χρόνῳ π. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 112; ἐν παλαιτέροισι Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 3.73; ἔνθα δὴ παλαίτατοι θάσσουσι Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 68 : in bad sense, a dotard (μωρός 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus, but σκώπτης 1Suidas Legal icographus), Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 988.
__I.2 of things, οἶνος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.340 ; νῆες.. νέαι ἠδὲ π. prev. work 293; τρὺξ π. καὶ σαπρά Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1086; τριήρεις π. ἀντὶ καινῶν Lysias Orator 28.4; ὑποδήματα Plato Philosophus “Meno” 91d; σπέρματα Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 7.1.6.
__II of old date, ancient,
__II.1 of persons, ξεῖνος π. an old guest-friend, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.215, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 263, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 212; Ἴλου παλαιοῦ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.166; κέρδεα.. οἷ᾽ οὔ πώ τιν᾽ ἀκούομεν οὐδὲ παλαιῶν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.118; Μίνως παλαίτατος ὧν ἀκοῇ ἴς μεν Thucydides Historicus 1.4; οἱ πάνυ π. ἄνθρωποι Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 411b ; οἱ π. the ancients, Thucydides Historicus 1.3; π. ἡμερῶν LXX.Dan.7.9. +5th c.BC+
__II.2 of things, λέκτρον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.296; παλαιά τε πολλά τε εἰδώς 7.157; καινὰ καὶ π. ἔργα Herodotus Historicus 9.26; νόμοι Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 778 (Lyric poetry); κατὰ τὸ νόμιμον τὸ π. καὶ ἀρχαῖον Lysias Orator 6.51; κατὰ τὸν π. λόγον Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 499c; ἡ π. παροιμία prev. author “R.” 329a; παλαί᾽ ἂν εἴη, ἐξ ὅτου Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 493; παλαιᾷ σύντροφος ἁμερᾷ prev. author “Aj.” 622 (Lyric poetry) ; of places, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 17 (anap.), Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 4, etc. ; καιροὶ π. ancient times, “PPetr.” 2p.15 (3rd c.BC) ; τὸ π. as adverb, anciently, formerly, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 102 (Lyric poetry), Herodotus Historicus 1.171, Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 401c, etc. ; ἐκ παλαιοῦ from of old, Herodotus Historicus 1.157; ἐκ π. ἐχθρὸς ὢν αὐτοῦ Antipho Orator 2.1.5; ἐκ τῶν παλαιῶν Herodas Mimographus 2.102 ; ἐκ παλαιτέρου from older time, Herodotus Historicus 1.60; ἐκ παλαιτάτου Thucydides Historicus 1.18; also εὐθὺς ἀπὸ παλαιοῦ prev. work 2 ; ἀρχαῖα καὶ παλαιά joined, Demosthenes Orator 22.14, compare Lysias Orator (see. above); παλαιὸν δῶρον ἀρχαίου ποτὲ θηρός Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 555.
__II.3 of things, also,
__II.3.a in good sense, venerable, held in esteem, like Latin antiquus, ἅπερ μέγιστα καὶ παλαιότατα τοῖς ἀνθρώποις Antipho Orator 6.4.
__II.3.b in bad sense, antiquated, obsolete, κωφὰ καὶ π. ἔπη Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 290.
__II.3.c π. δρᾶμα a drama which has been previously acted, “SIG” 1078 lxxxvii (Athens, 4th c.BC).
__III adverb παλαιῶς in an old way, τὰ καινὰ π. διδάσκειν Socratis et Socraticorum Epistulae “Ep.” 30.9: Comp. παλαίτερον at an earlier time, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 8.57, al.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πάλαι G3819 "vanouds, vroeger, lang geleden"; Grieks παλαιότης G3821 "ouderdom"; Grieks παλαιόω G3822 "oud maken, verouderen";

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