G3947 παροξύνω
scherp maken, scherpen, prikkelen, aansporen, aanzetten
Taal: Grieks

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Woordstudie

paroxyno̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

παρ-οξύνω, [in LXX for נאץ H5006, קצף H7107, רגז H7264, etc.;] 1. primarily, but never so in cl., to sharpen (μάχαιραν, De 32:41, שׁנן H8150). 2. (a) to spur on, stimulate (Arist., Xen., al.); (b) to provoke, rouse to anger (De 9:7, 18, Ps 105 (106):29, al.): pass., Ac 17:16, I Co 13:5.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

παροξ-ύνω,
  perfect infinitive παρωξυκέναι Polybius Historicus 31.1.3, but παρωξυγκέναι Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 11.6.7 :—passive, perfect παρώξυμμαι Lysias Orator 4.8, Menander Comicus “Σαμία” 276 :—urge, spur on, stimulate, τινα Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.2.5, etc.; τινὰ πρὸς τὰ καλά prev. author “Mem.” 3.3.13; ὲπὶ τὸν πόλεμον Isocrates Orator 5.3, compare Epicurus Philosophus “De rerum natura - Wien. Stud.” 54G. ; τὰ ζεύγη πρὸς τὸ ἔργον Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 577b31 ; τινα with infinitive, Isocrates Orator 12.37; κινδυνεύειν Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.5.3 ; opposed to ἀποτρέπω, Demosthenes Orator 21.37.
__2 provoke, irritate, πατρὸς μὴ π. φρένας Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 674 ; ξὺν κατηγορίᾳ π. Thucydides Historicus 1.84 :—passive, to be provoked, τινι at a thing, prev. author 5.99; διά τινα prev. author 6.56; ἐπί τινι “OGI” 48.15 (Egypt, 3rd c.BC), Polybius Historicus 4.7.5; πρός τι Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.4.6, Demosthenes Orator 57.2; πρὸς ἀλλήλους Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1302a39 ; ὑπό τινος Lys. prev. cited; κατὰ τῶν πολιτῶν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Themistocles” 31: with dat., Lycurgus Orator 87 (assuming variant), Diodorus Siculus Historicus 10.11: with infinitive, τίς οὐκ ἂν παροξυνθείη πολεμεῖ; Isocrates Orator 5.101 :—passive, of sicknesses, growvirulent, π. οἱ πυρετοί Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 6.
__3 make an application stronger, Galenus Medicus 12.710.
__II ={παροξυτονέω}, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 11.485a :—passive, Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 189.28, al., Galenus Medicus 18(2).167, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 7.323c.
__III intransitive, hasten. Peripl.M.Rubr. 20.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ὀξύς G3691 "scherp, puntig, snel, vlug"; Grieks παρά G3844 "vanaf, van, bij, naast, vlakbij"; Grieks παροξυσμός G3948 "ophitsing, verbittering, aandrift, koortsaanval";

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