G3982 πείθω
overreden
Taal: Grieks

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'peitho, ww een primair werkwoord; TDNT - 6:1,818;


1) overreden 1a) overreden, d.w.z. door woorden overtuigen 1b) vrienden maken, iemands gunst winnen, proberen iemand voor zich in te nemen 1c) tot bedaren brengen, kalmeren 1d) iemand overhalen iets te doen 2) zich laten overtuigen 2a) overreed worden, zich laten overtuigen 2a1) geloven 2a2) iemand vertrouwen 2b) luisteren naar, gehoorzamen, toegeven 3) vertrouwen


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πείθω, [in LXX chiefly for בּטח H982, its parts and derivatives;] (i) 1. trans., to apply persuasion ("conative" in pres.; v. M, Pr., 147), to prevail upon or win over, persuade: absol., Mt 28:14, Ac 19:26; seq. περί, c. gen. rei, Ac 19:8; c. acc. pers., Ac 12:20 14:19 18:4, II Co 5:11, Ga 1:10; τ. καρδίας ἡμῶν, I Jn 3:19; c. acc. seq. περί, Ac 28:23; c. acc. et inf., Ac 13:43 26:28 (v. Field, Notes, 141 ff.); c. acc. seq. ἵνα (Plut.), Mt 27:20. 2. Intrans., 2 pf. πέποιθα with pres. sense (v. M, Pr., 147, 154; Bl., § 59, 2): to trust, be confident, have confidence: c. acc. et inf., Ro 2:19; c. acc. ref. (v. Ellic., in l.) : Phl 1:6, 25; c. dat., Phl 1:14, Phm 21; ἑαυτῷ, c. inf., II Co 10:7; seq. ἐν, Phl 3:3, 4; ἐν κυρίῳ ὅτι, Phl 2:24; ἐπί, c. dat., Mt 27:43 (WH, mg.), Mk 10:24 (T, WH, R, mg., om.), Lk 11:22 18:9, II Co 1:9, He 2:13; ἐπί, c. acc., Mt 27:43 (c. dat., WH, mg.); id. seq. ὅτι, II Co 2:3, II Th 3:4 (v. Lft., Notes, 127); εἰς, c. acc. pers. seq. ὅτι, Ga 5:10. (ii) 1. to be persuaded, believe (v. M, Pr., 158): absol., Lk 16:31, Ac 17:4 21:14, He 13:18; c. dat., Ac 28:24; c. acc. et inf., Ac 26:26; so also pf., πέπεισμαι, πεπεισμένος εἰμί: c. acc. ref. seq. περί, He 6:9; c. acc. et inf., Lk 20:6; ὅτι, Ro 8:38, II Ti 1:5, 12; id. c. ἐν κυρίῳ, Ro 14:14; περί, c. gen. seq. ὅτι, Ro 15:14. 2. to listen to, obey: c. dat. pers., Ac 5:36, 37, 40 23:21 27:11, Ro 2:8, Ga 5:7, He 13:17, Ja 3:3 (cf. ἀνα-πείθω).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πείθω,
  persuade, imperfect ἔπειθον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.91, etc. ; Epic dialect and Lyric poetry πεῖθον 16.842, Bacchylides Lyricus 8.16 : future πείσω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.345, etc. ; Epic dialect infinitive πεισέμεν 5.252 : aorist 1 ἔπεισα Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.80, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 84, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 304, etc. (Homerus Epicus has only optative πείσειε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.123) ; Aeolic dialect participle πείσαις Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 3.16 : aorist 2 ἔπῐθον prev. author “P.” 3.65 (poetry πίθον), Corinna Lyrica “Supp.” 2.58 (poetry dual πιθέταν), Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 941, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 949, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.64, used by Homerus Epicus only in Epic dialect reduplicate forms πεπίθωμεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.112, πεπίθοιμι 23.40, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.14, πεπῐθεῖν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.184, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.536, πεπῐθών Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 4(3).72 (see. below), πεπιθοῦσα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.26 (ind. not in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” or Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey”, πέπιθον Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 1.964, πέπιθε “hymnus ad Apollinem” 275) : perfect πέπεικα Lysias Orator 26.7, Isaeus Orator 8.24, Isocrates Orator 14.15 :—middle and passive πείθομαι, obey, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.79 , etc.: future πείσομαι prev. work 289 , etc.: aorist 2 ἐπῐθόμην, Epic dialect πιθόμην 5.201, ἐπίθετο Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 73, ἐπίθοντο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.260, “IG” 22.29.14, reduplicate πεπίθοντο Orphica “Fragmenta” 135; imper. πίθεο Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1.59, πιθοῦ Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 992, pl. πίθεσθε Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 794 ; subjunctive πίθωμαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.273, etc.; opt. πιθοίμην 4.93, etc. (reduplicate πεπίθοιτο 10.204) ; infinitive πιθέσθαι 7.293, etc. (πεπιθέσθαι “Anthologia Graeca” 14.75) ; participle πιθόμενος Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1226 : aorist 1 middle ἐπεισάμην “IG” 12(5).720.5 (Andros, 2nd c.BC), Aristides Rhetor 1.391 Josephus Historicus, Sopater Comicus in Rhetores Graeci 8.150 W.: future passive πεισθήσομαι Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 624, Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 248e, etc. : aorist 1 ἐπείσθην Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 593, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 526, Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 866, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.7.29 : perfect πέπεισμαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 697, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 578, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 328e ; Thess. perfect infinitive πεπεῖστειν “IG” 9(2).517.16 (Larissa, 3rd c.BC).
__II intransitive tenses of active, in passive sense, perfect 2 πέποιθα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.325, etc. (not frequently in Prose); imper. πέπεισθι Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 599 codices ; 2nd pers. singular subjunctive πεποίθῃς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.524 ; Epic dialect 1st pers. plural πεποίθομεν (for-ωμεν) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.335; opt. πεποιθοίη Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 940 : pluperfect ἐπεποίθειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.171 ; 3rd.pers. plural ἐπεποίθεσαν Herodotus Historicus 9.88 ; Epic dialect πεποίθεα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.434, 8.181 ; 1st pers. plural ἐπέπιθμεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.341, 4.159: Pindarus Lyricus uses aorist 2 participle πιθών ={πιθόμενος}, “P.” 3.28, reduplicate πεπιθών “I.” 4(3).72.
__III as if from πῐθέω, Homerus Epicus has future πῐθήσω Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.369 (obey): aorist participle πῐθήσας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.398 (trust), compare Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 359, 671, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.109, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 618 (Lyric poetry), Lycophron Tragicus 735 ; reduplicate aorist subjunctive πεπῐθήσω transitive, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.223 :—also Aeolic dialect πίθημι, participle πίθεις Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 9.4.
__A active, prevail upon, persuade, usually by fair means, τινα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.345, etc. ; πεπιθεῖν φρένας Αἰακίδαο prev. work 184; σοὶ δὲ φρένας ἄφρονι πεῖθε 16.842; τοῦ θυμὸν ἐνὶ στήθεσσιν ἔπειθον 9.587, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.258, 23.337; Ἕκτορι θυμὸν ἔπειθε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.78 : with accusative person et infinitive, persuade one to.., prev. work 223, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 724, etc. ; π. τινὰς ὥστε δοῦναι, etc., Herodotus Historicus 6.5, compare Thucydides Historicus 3.31, etc. ; ὥστε μὴ.. Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 901 ; later ἵνα.. NT.Matt.27.20, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.181a; π. τινὰς ὡς χρὴ.., ὡς ἔστι.., Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 327c, 364b; π. τινὰ ἐς τὴν ὁμολογίαν Thucydides Historicus 5.76; κοὐδείς γέ μ᾽ ἂν πείσειεν.. τὸ μὴ ἐλθεῖν Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 68 ; πείθω ἐμαυτόν I persuade myself, am persuaded, believe, Thucydides Historicus 6.33, Andocides Orator 1.70, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 453b, etc.; also π. τι ὠφέλιμον ὄν Thucydides Historicus 4.17: frequently in participle, πείσας by persuasion, by fair means, opposed to ἐν δόλῳ, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 102, compare 612 ; opposed to βίᾳ, “Tragica Adespota” 402 ; πόλιν πείσας having obtained the city's consent, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1298; δᾶμον πείσαις λόγῳ Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 3.16 ; μὴ πείσας unless by leave, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 844e; οὐ πείσαντες τὸν δῆμον Aeschines Orator 3.41 ; πείθοντες, opposed to βίᾳ, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.5.11 ; π. γυναῖκα, opposed to βιάζεσθαι, prev. author “Cyr.” 6.1.34 ; πέπεικε, opposed to ἠνάγκακε, Plato Philosophus “Hipparchus” 232b (but π. ἀνάγκῃ Dio Cassius Historicus 62.16, compare πειθανάγκη) : with neuter pronoun, persuade one to or of a thing, τοῦτό γε οὐκ ἔπειθε τοὺς Φωκαιέας Herodotus Historicus 1.163, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1064 (anap.), Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 399b, etc.; ἔπειθον οὐδέν᾽ οὐδέν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1212 ; μὴ πεῖθ᾽ ἃ μὴ δεῖ do not attempt to persuade me to.., Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1442 ; also τοιάνδ᾽ ἔπειθε ῥῆσιν addressed them thus, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 615.
__2 prevail on by entreaty, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.219, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.363; τότε κέν μιν ἱλασσάμενοι πεπίθοιμεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.100; ὥς κέν μιν ἀρεσσάμενοι πεπίθωμεν 9.112, compare 181, 386, Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 450; Ζηνὸς ἦτορ λιταῖς Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 2.80, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 366a, “Ap.” 37d: with double acc., τὸν φόρον ὑποτελῶ Ἀθηναίοισιν, ὃν ἂν πείθω Ἀθηναίους “IG” 12.39.27.
__II in bad sense, talk over, mislead, ἐπεὶ οὐ παρελεύσεαι οὐδέ με πείσεις Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.132, compare 6.360; ἔληθε δόλῳ καὶ ἔπειθεν Ἀχαιούς Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.106, compare 14.123; πεπιθοῦσα θυέλλας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.26.
__II.2 π. τινὰ χρήμασι bribe, Herodotus Historicus 8.134, Lysias Orator 21.10 ; π. ἐπὶ μισθῷ μισθῷ, Herodotus Historicus 8.4, 9.33, Thucydides Historicus 2.96, etc. (passive, χρήμασι πεισθείς prev. author 1.137): proverbial, δῶρα θεοὺς πείθει Hesiodus Epicus “Fragmenta” 272 ; πείθειν τινά alone, Lysias Orator 7.21, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.3.19, NT.Act.12.20.
__II.3 offood, tempt, Xenocrates Medicus cited in Oribasius Medicus 2.58.84.
__B passive and middle, to be prevailed on, won over, persuaded, absolutely, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.201, etc. ; imperative frequently in Trag., πείθου be persuaded, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 520, “El.” 1015, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 440 ; but πιθοῦ comply, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1181, “El.” 1207 : with infinitive, to be persuaded to do, prev. author “Ph.” 624 ; πείθεσθέ μοι πρύτανιν ἑλέσθαι Pl. “Prt.” 338a ; also πείθεσθαί τινι ὥστε.. Thucydides Historicus 2.2 ; ὃ.. ὑμεῖς.. ἥκιστ᾽ ἂν ὀξέως πείθοισθε (i.e. πρᾶξαι) prev. author 6.34 ; ἑκὼν καὶ πεπεισμένος of one's own free will, POxy. ivp 203 (4th c.AD) , etc.; τὰ μὲν παρ᾽ ἡμῶν ἴσθι σοι πεπεισμένα we are won over to you, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 1170.
__B.2 πείθεσθαί τινι listen to one, obey him, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.79, etc. ; τοῖς ἐν τέλει βεβῶσι π. Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 67 ; τοῖς ἄρχουσι, τῷ νόμῳ, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.2.8, “An.” 7.3.39; μᾶλλον τῷ θεῷ ἢ ὑμῖν Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 29d: sometimes with double dat., ἔπεσι, μύθοισι π. τινί, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.150, 23.157: without dat. pers., ἐπείθετο μύθῳ 1.33, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.177 ; γήραϊ πείθεσθαι yield, succumb to old age, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.645 ; στυγερῇ πειθώμεθα δαιτί let us comply with the custom of eating, sad though the meal be, prev. work 48; νῦν μὲν πειθώμεθα νυκτὶ μελαίνῃ, of leaving off the labours of the day, 8.502 ; ἀδίκοις ἔργμασι π. Solon Lyricus 4.11, 13.12.
__B.2.b with adjective neuter, σημάντορι πάντα πιθέσθαι obey him in all things, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.21 ; ἅ τιν᾽ οὐ πείσεσθαι ὀΐω wherein I think some will not obey, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.289, compare 4.93, 7.48, Herodotus Historicus 6.100, etc.; πάντ᾽ ἔγωγε πείσομαι Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 529; πείσομαι δ᾽ ἃ σοὶ δοκεῖ prev. author “Tr.” 1180; οὐ.. πείθομαι τὸ δρᾶν prev. author “Ph.” 1252; μύθοις.. πεισθεὶς ἀφανῆ Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1288 (anap.), compare Lysias Orator 22.3: rarely with Noun in acc., χρήμασι πεισθῆναι τὴν ἀναχώρησιν Thucydides Historicus 2.21 (assuming variant).
__B.3 with genitive, four times in Herodotus Historicus, πείθεσθαί τινος 1.126, 5.29, 33, 6.12, compare Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 726, Thucydides Historicus 7.73; πείσθητί μευ Herodas Mimographus 1.66 ; κείνου.. πιθοίατο vulgar form in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.57.
__B.II πείθεσθαί τινι believe, trust in, πείθεθ᾽ ἑταίρῳ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.45; οἰωνοῖσι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.238; τεράεσσι θεῶν καὶ Ζηνὸς ἀρωγῇ 4.408; ἐνυπνίῳ Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.79; λεγομένοισι Herodotus Historicus 2.146, etc. : with accusative et infinitive, believe that.., οὐ γάρ πω ἐπείθετο ὃν πατέρ᾽ εἶναι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.192, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.8, etc.: with dat. pers. et infinitive, π. τινὶ μὴ εἶναι χρήματα, ={ὅτι χρήματα οὐκ ἔχει}, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.8.3: with ὡς, οὐ πείσονται ὡς σὺ αὐτὸς οὐκ ἠθέλησας Plato Philosophus “Crito” 44c, compare “R.” 391b: with neut. adjective or pronoun, τὰ περὶ Αἴγυπτον τοῖσι λέγουσι αὐτὰ π., οὐκ ἐπείθοντο τὰ ἐσαγγελθέντα , Herodotus Historicus 2.12, 8.81; πείθεσθε τούτῳ ταῦτα Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 592 ; ταῦτ᾽ ἐγώ σοι οὐ πείθομαι I do not take this on your word, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 25e, compare “Phdr.” 235b: abs., ὡς ἐγὼ πείθομαι Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ ποιημάτων” 5.34.
__B.II.b π. τινὰ ὅπως.. to believe of him, that.., Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1251.
__B.III perfect 2 πέποιθα trust, rely on, with dative person vel of things, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.325, etc. (not frequently in early Prose, as αὑτῷ πεποιθέναι Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 248a) : with dative et infinitive, οὔ πω χερσὶ πέποιθα ἄνδρ᾽ ἀπαμύνασθαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.71, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.96, etc.: with dat., οἷσι.. μαρναμένοισι πέποιθε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.98: later with infinitive only, πέποιθα τοῦτ᾽ ἐπισπάσειν κλέος I trust to win this fame, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 769 ; αἰχμήν.. μᾶλλον θεοῦ σέβειν πεποιθώς daring to.., Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 530: once in Herodotus Historicus, χρήμασι ἐπεποίθεσαν διώσεσθαι 9.88 : rarely with accusative et infinitive, πέποιθα.. τὸν πυρφόρον ἥξειν κεραυνόν Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 444; εἴ τις πέποιθεν ἑαυτῷ Χριστοῦ εἶναι NT.2Cor.10.7 ; π. εἴς τινας ὅτι.. NT.Gal.5.10 ; ἐπί τινας ὅτι.. NT.2Cor.2.3; ἐπὶ χρήμασι NT.Mark.10.24: abs., ὄφρα πεποίθῃς that you may feel confidence, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.524, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.344 ; πεποιθώς in sure confidence, LXX.Deu.33.28.
__B.IV post- Homerus Epicus perfect passive πέπεισμαι believe, trust, with dative, νεκροῖσι Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 599; ὀνείροις Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 1190, etc.: with acc. et infinitive, συνοίσειν ταῦτα πέπ. Demosthenes Orator 4.51, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 368a: abs., νῦν δὲ πέπεισμαι prev. author “Prt.” 328e ; πεπεισμένος ἔκ τινων λογίων persuaded by.., Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Romulus” 14; πεπείσμεθα περὶ ὑμῶν τὰ κρείττονα NT.Heb.6.9 . (Cf. Latin fido, fides.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀναπείθω G374 "aansporen"; Grieks ἀπειθής G545 "onbuigbaar, ongehoorzaam, onovertuigbaar"; Grieks εὐπειθής G2138 "gehoorzaam"; Grieks πειθαρχέω G3980 "gehoorzamen (aan de overheid)"; Grieks πειθός G3981 "overredend"; Grieks πεισμονή G3988 "overreding"; Grieks πιθανολογία G4086 "overredingskunst, aannemelijke bewijsvoering"; Grieks πίστις G4102 "geloof"; Grieks πιστός G4103 "trouw, betrouwbaar";

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