G4077 πηγή
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pi̱gē,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πηγή, -ῆς, ἡ, [in LXX chiefly for עַיִן H5869, also for מָקוֹר H4726, etc.;] a spring, fountain: Ja 3:11, II Pe 2:17; τ. ὑδάτων, Re 8:10 14:7 16:4; of a well fed by a spring, Jo 4:6; π. τοῦ αἵματος, of a flow of blood, Mk 5:29; metaph., Jo 4:14, Re 7:17 21:6.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πηγή,
  Doric dialect πᾱγά, ἡ, running water, used by Homerus Epicus always in plural, streams, πηγαὶ ποταμῶν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.9, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.189, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 89, 434 (Lyric poetry), “Pers.” 311, Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 1297, “Rh.” 827 (Lyric poetry); κρουνὼ δ᾽ ἵκανον καλλιρρόω, ἔνθα δὲ πηγαὶ δοιαὶ ἀναΐσσουσι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.147: sg., καλλιρρόου ἔψαυσα π. Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 202, compare 613.
__2 metaphorically, of tears, πηγαὶ κλαυμάτων, δακρύων, streams.., prev. author “Ag.” 888, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 803, “Tr.” 852 (Lyric poetry): abs., παρειὰν νοτίοις ἔτεγξα παγαῖς Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 402 (Lyric poetry), compare Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 1068, etc. ; also πηγαὶ γάλακτος, βοτρύων, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 895, Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 496 (Lyric poetry) ; πόντου πηγαῖς with sea-water, prev. author “IT” 1039 ; πηγαὶ τροφῆς τῷ γεννωμένῳ, of mother's milk, Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 237e; π. μαστῶν “Inscription Cos” 218.8.
__II fount, source, τοῦ Νείλου Herodotus Historicus 2.28, 4.53 (pl.), “OGI” 168.9 (Syene, 2nd c.BC), 1st cStrabo Geographus 17.1.52 (pl.) ; πηγαὶ ἡλίου the fount of light, i. e. the South, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 809 ; πηγαὶ νυκτός the North, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 956; παγὰ ἐπέων Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.299 ; πυρὸς παγαί prev. work 1.22, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 110, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 79d ; πηγὴ ἀργύρου, of the silver-mines at Laureion, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 238 ; τῆς ἀκουούσης π. δι᾽ ὤτων, i.e. the sense of hearing, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1387 ; ἀπὸ μιᾶς ἀρχῆς καὶ π. Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 668a15, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.856e.
__II.2 metaphorically, source, origin, mostly in singular, κακῶν π. Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 743 ; αἱ τέχναι, ἃς πηγάς φασι τῶν καλῶν εἶναι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.2.13; π. καὶ ἀρχὴ κινήσεως Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 245c ; π. ἡδονῶν, τοῦ φρονεῖν, νοσημάτων, etc., prev. author “Phlb.” 62d, “Lg.” 808d, “Ti.” 85b, etc.; ἀρχαὶ καὶ π. τῶν στάσεων Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1301b5, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 690d; π. τῆς κακοπραγμοσύνης Polybius Historicus 18.40.3 ; βέβηκα π. εἰς ἐμάς I have returned to the source of my existence, “epigram Gr.” 463 (from Crommyon), compare Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 95, al.
__II.3 inner canthus of eye, supposed source of tears, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 2.71, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus (both pl.).

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