G4078 πήγνυμι
vastmaken, bevestigen
Taal: Grieks

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pēgnymi,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πήγνυμι, [in LXX chiefly for נטה H5186, also for תּקע H8628, etc.;] to make fast, to fix; of tents, to pitch: He 8:2 (cf. προσ-πήγνυμι).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πήγνῡμι,
  3rd.pers. plural πηγνύουσι Herodotus Historicus 4.72 (variant), Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 6.6.9, but πηγνῦσι Herodotus Historicus prev. cited codices plural, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης” 2.60; opt. πήγνυτο Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 118a codices; infinitive πηγνύειν Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 6.7, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 4.95 : imperfect πήγνυον Orphica “Lithica” 567 (περι-), 4th-5th c.AD(?): Nonnus Epicus “Dionysiaca” 5.50 : late form of present πήσσω (which see): future πήξω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.283 ; Doric dialect πάξω Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.3: aorist ἔπηξα, Epic dialect πῆξα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.15, etc. ; Aeolic dialect participle πάξαις Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 10 (II). 45: perfect πέπηχα, only pluperfect ἐμ-πεπήχεσαν Dio Cassius Historicus 40.40 :—middle in transitive sense, πήγνῠμαι Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 809 : future πήξομαι Galenus Medicus 10.388 : aorist ἐπηξάμην Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 455, Herodotus Historicus 6.12, etc.: —passive πήγνῠμαι: future πᾰγήσομαι Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 437, Thucydides Historicus 4.92 ; πήξομαι (as passive) Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 8: aorist 1 ἐπήχθην, Epic dialect 3rd.pers. plural πῆχθεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.298 , Doric dialect subjunctive παχθῇ Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 23.31 , participle πηχθείς Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 302: more frequently aorist 2 ἐπάγην ᾰ, Epic dialect πάγην, Epic dialect 3rd.pers. plural πάγεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.572 ; participle παγείς Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 190, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 395: perfect πέπηγμαι (κατα-, συμ-) Dionysius Halicarnassensis 5.46, Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 2.21.1 : pluperfect ἐπέπηκτο Julianus Imperator “Orationes” 3.123b ; but in the best authors, πέπηγα is used as the perfect passive, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.135, etc. ; Aeolic dialect πέπᾱγα Alcaeus Lyricus 34; opt. πεπαγοίην Eupolis Comicus 435 : pluperfect ἐπεπήγειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.442, Thucydides Historicus 3.23:
__I stick or fix in, ἐν δὲ μετώπῳ πῆξε τὴν αἰχμήν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.460, etc.; ἔνθα οἱ ἔγχος ἔπηξε 13.570; ἐν γαίῃ π. ἐρετμόν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 23.276 (or γαίῃ 11.129); π. ἐπὶ τύμβῳ ἐρετμόν 11.77 (or τύμβῳ 12.15) ; γύην ἐν ἐλύματι π. Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 430; ἔπαξε διὰ φρενῶν ξίφος Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.26 ; fix in the earth, plant, σκῆπτρον Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 420, compare “Aj.” 821 ; σκηνήν, σκηνὰς π., pitch a tent, Andocides Orator 4.30, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 817c (in Med., σκηνὰς πηξάμενοι pitching themselves tents, Herodotus Historicus 6.12) ; σταύρωμα π. Thucydides Historicus 6.66; τὰς σχαλίδας π. ὑπτίας Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 6.7 ; plant seeds or cuttings, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 6.6.9, 7.4.10: _intransitive_ perfect and passive, δόρυ δ᾽ ἐν κραδίῃ ἐπεπήγει the spear stuck fast in his heart, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.442; δοῦρα ἐν χροῒ πήγνυτο 15.315; ὀϊστοὶ ἐν χροῒ πῆχθεν 8.298; δοῦρα ἐν σάκεϊ πάγεν 11.572; ξίφος πέπηγεν ἐν γῇ Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 819; σκηνὴ ἔσκε πεπηγυῖα ἑτοίμη Herodotus Historicus 7.119; κυρβασίας ὀρθὰς πεπηγυίας prev. work 64, compare 70: —middle, ἐν ἀλλήλοις χείλεα πηξάμενοι, of kissing, “Anthologia Graeca” 5.254 (Paul. Sil.).
__I.2 stick or fix on, κεφαλὴν ἀνὰ σκολόπεσσι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.177; σκόλοψι δέμας Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1430; κρᾶτα πήξασ᾽ ἐπ᾽ ἄκρον θύρσον prev. author “Ba.” 1141: —passive, ἀμφὶ βουπόροισι πηχθέντας μέλη ὀβελοῖσι having their limbs fixed on spits, prev. author “Cyc.” 302 ; ὑπὸ ῥάχιν παγέντες impaled, Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 190.
__I.3 fix upon an object, κατὰ χθονὸς ὄμματα π. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.217 : intransitive perfect, πρὸς ἀστρονομίαν ὄμματα πέπηγεν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 53o d, compare Julianus Imperator prev. cited (Pass.) ; πεπηγυῖα τὰς τῶν ὀμμάτων βολὰς ἐς τὰ τῆς ψυχῆς ἀπόρρητα Philostratus Junior Sophista “Imagines” 11: with infinitive, ἡ σοφία ἀρέσκειν πέπηγε is bent upon pleasing, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 605a: abs., τὸ πεπηγὸς ὄμμα immovable eye, fixed gaze, Hippocrates Medicus “προρρητικόν” 1.46, compare Galenus Medicus 16.610.
__II fasten different parts together, fit together, build, νῆας πῆξαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.664 ; ἴκρια π. Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.163: —middle, πήξασθαι ἄμαξαν build oneself a wagon, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 455; νέας πηξάμενοι Herodotus Historicus 5.83 :—passive, to be joined or put together, ψυχὴ καὶ σῶμα παγέν Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 246c.
__III make solid or stiff, especially of liquids, freeze, θεὸς.. πήγνυσι πᾶν ῥέεθρον Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 496 ; τοὺς ποταμοὺς ἔπηξε (i.e. ὁ θεός) Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 139; βορρᾶς πηγνὺς τοὺς ἀνθρώπους Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.5.3 ; curdle, γάλα Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 4.95: —middle, τυροὺς πήγνυσθαι to make oneself cheese (by curdling the milk), Lucianus Sophista “VH” 1.24 :—passive and intransitive perfect, become solid, stiffen, γοῦνα πήγνυται Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.453; ἄρθρα πέπηγέ μου Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 1395 (but also, become firm or set, of limbs, Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 2.11; πεπηγυῖα ὑγιεινὴ κατάστασις Galenus Medicus “Θρασύβουλος - Scripta Minora” 7) ; of liquids, freeze, ἡ θάλασσα πήγνυται Herodotus Historicus 4.28 ; ἅλες πήγνυνται salt crystallizes, prev. work 53, compare 6.119; φόνος πέπηγεν Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 67 (Lyric poetry); πεπάγαισιν ὐδάτων ῤόαι Alcaeus Lyricus 34, compare Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.4.3 ; κρύσταλλος ἐπεπήγει οὐ βέβαιος was not frozen so as to bear, Thucydides Historicus 3.23; ἁνίκα χιὼν παχθῇ Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 23.31 ; ὄστρακον ᾠοῦ π. Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione Animalium” 752a35 ; γάλα π. prev. author “PA” 676a14 ; ὀφθαλμῶν οἱ μὲν ὑγιεῖς, οἱ δὲ πεπηγότες blind, of buds, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Causis Plantarum” 5.12.10 : metaphorically, to be petrified, struck dumb, Antiphanes Comicus 166.7.
__IV metaphorically, fix, ὅρους τοῖς βαρβάροις Lycurgus Orator 73, compare Aristopho Comicus 9.7 : Astrology texts, fix, determine a nativity, Scholia Ptolemaeus Mathematicus “Tetrabiblos” 103: —middle, ὄφρα ἐν φρασὶ πάξαιθ᾽, ὅπως.. that he might keep it fixed in his heart, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 3.62 ; establish, χορούς Himerius Sophista “Orationes” 16.6 :— passive and intransitive perfect, to be irrevocably fixed, established, εἷς ὅρος ἡμῖν παγήσεται Thucydides Historicus 4.92 ; πῆγμα (Aurat. for πῆμα) γενναίως παγέν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1198; κακῶς παγέντας ὅρκους Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 395; ὀρθὰς παγείσας φρένας Carcinus Tragicus 6.2; μὴ γὰρ ὡς θεῷ νομίζετ᾽ ἐκείνῳ τὰ παρόντα πεπηγέναι πράγματα ἀθάνατα Demosthenes Orator 4.8; τὰ καλῶς πεπηγότα τῇ φύσει prev. author 25.90 . (Cf. Latin pango.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks Ἄρειος Πάγος G697 "Areopagus"; Grieks παγίς G3803 "strik, val"; Grieks παχύνω G3975 "dik maken, vet mesten"; Grieks πήγανον G4076 "ruit, wijnruit"; Grieks πηγή G4077 "fontein, bron"; Grieks πικρός G4089 "bitter, verbitterd, hard"; Grieks προσπήγνυμι G4362 "vastnagelen (aan het kruis)"; Grieks σκηνοπηγία G4634 "loofhuttenfeest, feest (loofhutten-)";

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