G4095 πίνω
drinken
Taal: Grieks

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Drank, Drinken,

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pino̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πίνω, [in LXX chiefly for שׁתה H8354;] to drink: absol., Lk 2:19, Jo 4:7, al.; c. acc. rei, Mt 6:25, 31, Mk 14:25, al.; of habitual use, Lk 1:15, Ro 14:21, al.; by meton., τὸ ποτήριον, I Co 10:21, al.; of the earth absorbing rain (Hdt., al.), He 6:7; spiritually, of the blood of Christ, Jo 6:53, 54, 56; seq. ἐκ (of the vessel), Mt 26:27, al.; id. (of the drink; Bl., § 36, 1), Mt 26:29, Jo 4:13, 14, Re 14:10, al.; ἀπό, Lk 22:18 (cf. ἀπο-, συν-πίνω; on the form πίεσαι, Lk 17:8, v. Bl., § 21, 8, and on the contr. aor. πεῖν, M, Pr., 44 f., Thackeray, Gr., 63 f.).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πίνω ῑ,
  Epic dialect infinitive πινέμεναι and -έμεν, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.346, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.220 : Ionic dialect imperfect πίνεσκον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.226 : future πίομαι 13.493, Theognis Elegiacus 962, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 578, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 622, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1289, 1401, “fragment” 311; later πῐοῦμαι Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1370b18, Aelianus “Varia Historia” 12.49, etc. ; also as falsa lectio in earlier authors, πιεῖσθαι Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ τῶν ἐντὸς παθῶν” 12, πιεῖσθε Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 4.7, but rejected by Phrynichus Atticista 23, Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 10.446d ; 2nd pers. singular πίεσαι LXX.Deu.28.39, NT.Luke.17.8: +NTaorist ἔπῐον, Epic dialect πίον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.2, etc. ; 2nd pers. singular subjunctive πίῃσθα 6.260; imper. πίε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.347, Menander Comicus 151, “Carmina Popularia” 33, (ἐκ-) Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 563, Orphica “Fragmenta” 32 b iii; also πῖθι Cratinus Comicus 141, Ion Trag. 27, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1489, Amipsias Comicus 18, Antiphanes Comicus 163.1, etc., (ἔκ-) Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 570 ; πίει, πίεις, Kretschmer “Griech. Vaseninschr.” p.195 ; infinitive πιεῖν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.70, Herodotus Historicus 4.172, etc. ; later contraction πεῖν “Anthologia Graeca” 11.140 (Lucillius Epigrammaticus), “Mim.Oxy.” 413.66, “PMag.Lond.” 121.738, “PFlor.” 101.8 (1st c.AD), etc. ; Epic dialect πῐέμεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.378, πιέειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.263, πιέναι falsa lectio for{ὑπιέναι} in Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 5.18 ; participle πῐών, πῐοῦσα, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.102, etc., πῐέουσα Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 7.11 :—middle, subjunctive πινώμεθα Hermippus Comicus 25; imper. πίνεο Nicander Epicus “Theriaca” 912 : πίομαι ῑ as present middle, Ibycus Lyricus 17 (assuming variant), Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.86, and so ἐκπίομαι ῑ Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 199, ἐμπίομαι ῐ Theognis Elegiacus 1129 (passive in “Anthologia Graeca” 5.43 (Rufinus Epigrammaticus)) :—passive, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 20.312, Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 9, etc.: Ep. imperfect πίνετο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.45. —Other tenses are from πω- or πο-, perfect πέπωκα Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 821, etc.: —passive, future ποθήσομαι (κατα-) Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1502, (ἐκ-) Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.240e: aorist ἐπόθην (ἐξ-) Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 66, (κατ-) Plato Philosophus “Critias” 111d : perfect infinitive πεπόσθαι Theognis Elegiacus 477 : Aeolic dialect present πώνω Alcaeus Lyricus 20, 52, “Supp.” 20.3: aorist imperative πῶθι, τῶ, “Etymologicum Magnum” 698.52 . ῑ always in πίνω. πίνομα; ῐ always in aorist ἔπιον, hence πίε must be read for πῖνε in “Anthologia Graeca” 11.19 (Strato Epigrammaticus), and ἔπῑνον for ἔπιον in “Anacreontea” 5.5: Homerus Epicus has ἐθέλουσι δὲ πῑέμεν ἄμφω Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.825, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 18.3; but καὶ φαγέμεν πῐέμεν τε 15.378 ; in imperative πῖθι, ῑ always.—In future πίομαι Homerus Epicus and Trag. use ῑ, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.493, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 578, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 622, compare Theognis Elegiacus 962, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1289, 1401, “fragment” 311; but ῐ in lon Lyric poetry 2.10 (nisi to be read πιέτω), (ἐκ-) Plato Comicus 9, Amipsias Comicus 22 ; also in later Poetry, “Anthologia Graeca” 11.8,25.5 (Apollonides Epigrammaticus) ; for present middle πίομαι, see above: —drink, frequently from Homerus Epicus downwards, with acc., π. οἶνον, ὐρόν, αἷμα, etc., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.391, 17.225, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 622, etc. ; π. ὕδωρ Αἰσήποιο drink its water, i.e. live on its banks, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.825, compare Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.86 (Med.) : with genitive partitive, drink of a thing, π. οἴνοιο Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.11 ; εἰς οἶνον.., ἔνθεν ἔπινον whereof.., 4.220; αἵματος ὄφρα πίω 11.96, compare 15.373 ; also πίνειν κρητῆρας οῐνοιο to drink bowls of wine, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.232; κύπελλα ὄνου 4.346 ; π. ἀπὸ κρήνης drink of a spring, Theognis Elegiacus 959 (but κρήνης 962) ; π. ἀπ᾽ αὐτοῦ (i.e. δέπαος) αἴθοπα οἶνον from it, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.226; δέπα ἔνθεν ἔπινον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.62; ἐκ κεράμων μέθυ πίνετο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.469; ἐκ τῆς χειρὸς διδοῖ πιεῖν Herodotus Historicus 4.172; ἐκ ταὐτοῦ.. ποτηρίου Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1289; ἐξ ἀργύρου ἢ χρυσοῦ Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 417a; ἀπὸ τοῦ ποταμοῦ Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.5.4 ; σκύφος ᾧ περ ἔπινεν with which.., Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.112 ; π. κερατίνοις ποτηρίοις variant in Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 6.1.4 ; τὰ φάρμακα π. παρὰ τοῦ ἰατροῦ draughts sent by him, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 467c.
__2 absolutely, drink, ἐσθιέμεν καὶ πινέμεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.305; ὁ πῖνε καὶ ἦσθε 5.94, 6.249, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.476, etc. ; μῆλα πιόμεν᾽ ἐκ βοτάνης going to drink after pasture, 13.493; πρὸς βίαν πώνην Alcaeus Lyricus 20; πῖνε, πῖν᾽ ἐπὶ συμφοραῖς Simonides Lyricus 14; π. πρὸς ἡδονήν Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 176e; εἰς μέθην prev. author “Lg.” 775b; διδόναι πιεῖν Cratinus Comicus 124; πιεῖν αἰτεῖν Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.3.41 ; τινὶ πιεῖν ἐγχέας prev. work 1.3.9; πιεῖν τις ἡμῖν ἐγχεάτω Philemo Comicus 9: in perfect πέπωκα, to be drunk, Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 536 ; πίνοντά τε καὶ πεπωκότα drinking and having finished drinking, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 117c.
__II celebrate by a carouse, νίκην Philostratus Sophista “de gymnastica” 54.
__III metaphorically, drink up, as the earth does rain, τὸ ὕδωρ, ὄμβρον, Herodotus Historicus 3.117, 4.198; πιοῦσα κόνις μέλαν αἷμα Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 979 (Lyric poetry), compare “Th.” 736 (Lyric poetry), 821, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1401 ; of plants, Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 2.25 ; of a lamp, π. τοὔλαιον Lucianus Sophista “Cat.” 27; λύχνος.. πολλὰ πιὼν μέλη “Anthologia Graeca” 5.196 (Meleager Epigrammaticus, uncertain reading). (I.- Euripides Tragicus pōy- and -, cf. Sanskrit pāy-áyati 'cause to drink', pīti- 'a drink', Latin pōtus, etc.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks καταπίνω G2666 "opdrinken, opslokken, verslinden"; Grieks οἰνοπότης G3630 "wijndrinker, zuiper, alcoholist"; Grieks πιότης G4096 "vettigheid, vet"; Grieks πόμα G4188 "drank"; Grieks πόσις G4213 "drinken, drank"; Grieks ποταμός G4215 "stroom, rivier, stortvloed, overstroming"; Grieks ποτήριον G4221 "beker, drinkgerei"; Grieks ποτίζω G4222 "drank aanreiken"; Grieks πότος G4224 "drinkgelag, feestmaal"; Grieks συμπίνω G4844 "drinken met iemand"; Grieks ὑδροποτέω G5202 "udropotew";

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