G4126 πλέω
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Taal: Grieks

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pleo̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πλέω, [in LXX, seq. εἰς, Jon.1.3 (בּוֹא H935), I Es 4:23, Is 42:10; seq. ἐπί, IV Mac 7:3; c. acc. (poët.), Si 43:24, I Mac 13:29 (cf. Ac 27:2, Rec.)*;] to sail: Lk 8:23, Ac 27:24; seq. εἰς, Ac 21:3 27:2, 6; ἐπί, Re 18:17 (cf. ἀπό-, δια-, ἐκ-, κατα-, παρα-, ὑπο-πλέω).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πλέω,
  Epic dialect πλείω Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.34, 16.368 : Epic dialect imperfect ἀπ-έπλειον 8.501 : also Epic dialect and Ionic dialect πλώω (see. below): Attic dialect contraction imperative πλεῖ Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 102 (anap.) : future πλεύσομαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.25, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.22 (ἀνα-), Herodotus Historicus 2.29, Thucydides Historicus 6.104, etc.; later πλευσοῦμαι “SIG” 402.27 (Chios, 3rd c.BC) , found in codices of Thucydides Historicus 1.143, 8.1, (ἐπεσ-) prev. author 4.13, (συνεκ-) Lysias Orator 13.25, (ἀπο-) Plato Philosophus “Hp.Ma.” 370d, 371b, (συμ-) Isocrates Orator 17.19, etc. ; Doric dialect πλευσοῦμαι Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 14.55 ; but 3rd.pers. plural πλεύσονται “GDI” 5120 B 11,13 (Crete, 3rd c.BC) ; πλεύσω Philemo Comicus 116 (S.V.l.), Polybius Historicus 2.12.3, “Anthologia Graeca” 11.162 (Nicarchus Epigrammaticus), 245 (Lucillius Epigrammaticus), “OGI” 572.30 (Lycia, 2nd-3rd c.AD) , etc.: aorist 1 ἔπλευσα Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 691 (Lyric poetry) , etc.: perfect πέπλευκα Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 404, etc.: —passive, future πλευσθήσομαι (περι-) Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 5.26.2: aorist ἐπλεύσθην prev. work 6.28.6, Babrius Fabularum Scriptor 71.3 : perfect πέπλευσμαι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.1.16, Demosthenes Orator 56.12: Homerus Epicus uses only present, imperfect, and future πλεύσομαι (see. above).—Of the Ionic dialect πλώω, Homerus Epicus uses opt. πλώοιεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.240, participle ἐπι-πλώων prev. work 284, πλώων “Hymni Homerici” 22.7 : imperfect πλῶον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.302 ; also shortened aorist ἔπλων, ως, ω, participle πλώς, in the compounds ἀπ-έπλω, ἐπ-έπλως, participle ἐπιπλώς, παρέπλ; and Hesiodus Epicus has ἐπ-έπλω; the present, imperfect, and future forms occur as variants in Herodotus Historicus , infinitive πλώειν 4.156 , participle πλωούσας 8.10, 22, 42: imperfect ἔπλωον prev. work 41 ; Iterat. πλώεσκον 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 14.656: future πλώσομαι (ἀπο-) Herodotus Historicus 8.5 (πλώσω Lycophron Tragicus 1044) ; but the aorist 1 forms are read in Herodotus Historicus, ἔπλωσα 4.148 ; infinitive πλῶσαι 1.24 ; participle πλώσας 4.156, 8.49 (also once in Homerus Epicus in compd. ἐπι-πλώσας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.47) : perfect παρα-πέπλωκα Herodotus Historicus 4.99 ; πέπλωκα occurs Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 532, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 878 (_paratragoedia_). —Only εε and εει are contracted in Attic dialect (πλέει is falsa lectio in Thucydides Historicus 4.28, and πλέετε variant in Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.6.37). Homerus Epicus uses πλέων as monosyllable, πλέων ἐπὶ οἴνοπα πόντον Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.183 :—sail, go by sea, Λακεδαίμονος ἐξ ἐρατεινῆς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.444; Ἰλιόθεν 14.251; ἐπὶ Κέρκυραν Thucydides Historicus 1.53; εὐθὺ Λέσβου Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.2.11 ; π. ἐπὶ σῖτον to fetch it, prev. author “Oec.” 20.27; ἐπί τι “IG” 12.105.9 ; μετὰ νάκος Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.69; εἰς Ἐρέτριαν ἐπ᾽ ἄνδρας Plato Philosophus “Menexenus” 240b; more fully, ἐνὶ πόντῳ νηῒ θοῇ πλείοντες Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.368; νηῒ.. πλέων ἐπὶ οἴνοπα πόντον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.88; πλέεν.. ποντοπορεύων Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.278; ἐν τῇ νηΐ Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 341d ; ἐν τῇ θαλάττῃ prev. work 346b; ἐπλέομεν βορέῃ ἀνέμῳ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.253; αὔρᾳ Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 691 (Lyric poetry): with acc. cogn., πλεῖθ᾽ ὑγρὰ κέλευθα sail the watery ways, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.71; πλεῖν τὴν θάλατταν Andocides Orator 1.137, Lysias Orator 6.19, Isocrates Orator 8.20, Antiphanes Comicus 100: —passive, τὸ πεπλευσμένον πέλαγος Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 6.1.16, compare Babrius Fabularum Scriptor 71.3; πλεῖται ἡ θάλασσα Musonius Philosophus “fragment” 18 B p.104 H.; also π. στόλον τόνδε Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1038; τοῦ πλοῦ τοῦ πεπλευσμένου Demosthenes Orator 56.12: metaph., πλεῖν ὑφειμένῃ δοκεῖ,compare ὑφίημι 111: proverbial, ὁ μὴ πεπλευκὼς οὐδὲν ἑόρακεν κακόν Posidippus Comicus 22 ; ἐπὶ γῆς μὴ πλεῖν when on land do not be at sea, i.e. avoid the hazards of tax-farming, etc., Pythagoras Philosophus cited in Clemens Alexandrinus Theologus “Stromateis” 5.5.28.
__II of ships, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.360; νέας ἄμεινον πλεούσας Herodotus Historicus 8.10, etc.; ὑπὸ τριήρους.. εὖ πλεούσης ἐπεδιώκοντο Thucydides Historicus 7.23; ἡ ναῦς ἄριστά μοι ἔπλει Lysias Orator 21.6; ἔφευγε ταῖς ναυσὶν εὖ πλεούσαις Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.6.16; τριήρης ταχὺ π. prev. author “Oec.” 8.8.
__II.2 of other things, swim, float, τεύχεα καλὰ.. πλῶον καὶ νέκυες Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.302; δένδρεα.., τά οἱ πλώοιεν ἐλαφρῶς Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.240; νῆσος πλέουσα Herodotus Historicus 2.156.
__II.3 to be conveyed by sea, σκῦλα πλέοντα Thucydides Historicus 3.114.
__II.4 metaphorically, ταύτης ἔπι πλέοντες ὀρθῆς while the ship of our country bearing us is on an even keel, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 190 ; οὐδ᾽ ὅπως ὀρθὴ πλεύσεται (i.e. ἡ πόλις) προείδετο Demosthenes Orator 19.250; πάντα ἡμῖν κατ᾽ ὀρθὸν πλεῖ Plato Philosophus “Leges” 813d; θεοῦ θέλοντος κἂν ἐπὶ ῥιπὸς πλέοις Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 397; also κέρδους ἕκατι κἂν ἐπὶ ῥιπὸς πλέοι Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 699. (With πλε (ϝ) -, πλευ- cf. Sanskrit plávate 'float', 'swim', Latin pluit; with πλω- cf. Gothic flōdus 'river', 'flood', O Euripides Tragicus flćwan 'flow'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀποπλέω G636 "wegvaren"; Grieks βραδυπλοέω G1020 "varen (langzaam)"; Grieks διαπλέω G1277 "overvaren"; Grieks καταπλέω G2668 "binnenlopen, landen, stroomaf varen"; Grieks παραπλέω G3896 "voorbijvaren"; Grieks πλήθω G4130 "vullen, vervuld worden"; Grieks πλοῖον G4143 "vrachtschip, transportschip, schip"; Grieks πλόος G4144 "zeereis, tocht"; Grieks πλύνω G4150 "wassen, uitwassen"; Grieks ὑποπλέω G5284 "varen onder";

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