G4128 πλῆθος
menigte, mensenmenigte, schare
Taal: Grieks

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plí̱thos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πλῆθος, -ους, τό, [in LXX chiefly for רֹב H7230, also for הָמוֹן H1995, etc.;] 1. a great number, a multitude (a) of things: ἰχθύων, Lk 5:6, Jo 21:6; φρυγάνων, Ac 28:3; ἁμαρτιιῶν, Ja 5:20, I Pe 4:8; τ. πλήθει, in multitude, He 11:12; (b) of persons: Ac 21:22 (WH, R, om.); c. gen., Lk 2:13, Jo 5:3, Ac 5:14; π. πολύ (πολὺ π.), Mk 3:7, 8; id. c. gen., Lk 6:17 23:27, Ac 14:1 17:4. 2. Of persons, c. art., the whole number, the multitude (in Plat., Thuc., Xen., al., = δῆμος, the commons, or-opp. to δῆμος-the populace): Ac 2:6 15:30 19:9 23:7; τ. λαοῦ, Ac 21:36; τ. πόλεως, Ac 14:4; πᾶν τὸ π., Ac 15:12; c. gen., Lk 1:10 8:37 19:37 23:1, Ac 4:32 5:16 6:2, 5 25:24.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πλῆθος, εος, τό,
  Doric dialect and 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus πλῆθος “Schwyzer” 84.8, al. (Argive, found in Crete, 5th c.BC), “IG” 5(2).6.20 (Tegea, 4th c.BC), etc. ; Boeotian dialect πλεῖθος prev. work7.3171.46 (Orchom. Boeot.) ; pseudo-Doric dialect and pseudo-Aeolic dialect πλᾶθος “GDI” 5176.21 (from Crete), “IGRom.” 4.1302.18 (Cyme, 1st c.BC/ 1st c.AD), Hippodamus Pythagoreus cited in Stobaeus, Joannes 4.1.93: (πλήθω, see at {πίμπλημι}):—great number, multitude, especially of people, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.330, Herodotus Historicus 7.49, etc. ; στρατοῦ π., periphrastic for στρατὸς πολύς, prev. author 9.73 ; ὡς πλήθει for the mass of men, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 389d.
__2 τὸ π. the greater number, the mass, main body, τὸ π. τοῦ στρατοῦ Herodotus Historicus 1.82, compare 5.92 ; τὸ π. τῆς ψυχῆς the largest part of.., Plato Philosophus “Leges” 689a : as Noun of Multitude with plural Verb, Ἀθηναίων τὸ π. οἴονται Thucydides Historicus 1.20 ; τὸ π. ἐψηφίσαντο πολεμεῖν the majority, prev. work 125, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.4.20 ; τῷ π. by a majority, Berl.Sitzb. 1927.8 (Locr., 5th c.BC) : hence, people, population, σμικρὸν τὸ π. τῆσδε γῆς Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 715.
__2.b the commons, Thucydides Historicus 1.9, etc.; ἡ τοῦ π. ἀρχή, δημοκρατία τοὔνομα κληθεῖσα Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 291d; ἐς τὸ π. φέρειν τὸ κράτος Herodotus Historicus 3.81 : frequently of the popular assembly, τὸ ὑμέτερον π., τὸ π. τὸ ὑμέτερον, Lysias Orator 12.42, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 31c ; Ἐρυθραίων τῷ π., Ἀθηναίων τοῦ π., “IG” 12.10.21, 22 ; = Latin plebs, Polybius Historicus 6.15.11, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 12.25, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 4.71 ; also, association, corporation, or guild, τὸ π. τὸ Ἁλιαδᾶν “IG” 12(1).155.6, 156.5 (from Rhodes) ; τὸ τῶν Πανιαστῶν π. “IGRom.” 4.1680 (Pergam.); τὸ π. τῶν ἱερέων “OGI” 56.24 (Canopus, 3rd c.BC) ; π. τῶν ἁλιέων “PSI” 5.498.2 (3rd c.BC) ; τὸ π. τῶν μαχαιροφόρων “OGI” 737 (Memphis, 2nd c.BC) ; opposed to αἱ ἀρχαί, οἱ ὀλίγοι, Thucydides Historicus 5.84 ; but also, populace, mob, opposed to δῆμος (commons), Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Atheniensium” 2.18, Appianus Historicus “Bella Civilia” 1.10: also in pl., πείθειν τὰ π. the masses, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 452e, compare “Sph.” 268b; ὃ πᾶσι.. σωτήριον, μάλιστα δὲ τοῖς π. πρὸς τοὺς τυράννους Demosthenes Orator 6.24; φιλόσοφον.. π. ἀδύνατον εἶναι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 494a.
__II quantity or number, πόσον π. ἦν νεῶν Ἑλληνίδω; Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 334; τῆς σῆς δυνάμεως τί φῂς π. εἶνα; Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.1.6; ὅμιλος πλήθει φοβερώτατος Thucydides Historicus 2.98; ἰσχύϊ καὶ πλήθει προέχων prev. author 3.74; τῷ π. αὐτῶν καταπλαγέντες prev. author 4.10; πλήθεϊ πολλοί Herodotus Historicus 3.11, compare 6.44; σὺν πλήθει χερῶν Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 123; πλήθει παρόντες in force, Thucydides Historicus 8.22: abs. in acc., κόσοι πλῆθος Herodotus Historicus 1.153; πόσοι τὸ π.; Diphilus Comicus 17.1; ἐρέται.. π. ἀνάριθμοι Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 40 (anap.); π. ὡς δισχίλιοι Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.2.2; ἄπειρα τὸ π. prev. author “Mem.” 1.1.14; ἄπειρα καὶ π. καὶ σμικρότητα Anaxagoras Philosophus 1; π. τι πάμπολυ φθειρῶν “IG” 42(1).122.45, compare 32 (Epid., 4th c.BC).
__III magnitude, size, or extent, ὄρος πλήθεϊ μέγιστον καὶ μεγάθεϊ ὑψηλότατον Herodotus Historicus 1.203 ; πεδίον πλῆθος ἄπειρον prev. work 204; ἡ ἐρῆμος.. ἐοῦσα πλῆθος ἑπτὰ ἡμερέων ὁδοῦ prev. author 4.123; π. χώρας καὶ ἀνθρώπων Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.5.9.
__III.2 in Attic dialect, of quantity or amount, διὰ π. τῆς ζημίας Thucydides Historicus 3.70; χρημάτων π. prev. author 1.9; διὰ πλῆθος οὐσίας Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 591e, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1279a19; ταῦτα οὐδέν ἐστι πλήθει οὐδὲ μεγέθει πρὸς ἐκεῖνα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 614a; μετὰ πλήθους ἱδρῶτος multa sudans, prev. author “Ti.” 84e; τὸ π. τοῦ ῥεύματος Polybius Historicus 1.75.5 ; τὸ παρακείμενον π. the amount entered against each, “Ostr.Bodl.” i 252 (2nd c.BC) ; of money, τὸ ἴσον π. “TAM” 2.526 (from Pinara) : in plural, quantities, ἐμβρύων Cratinus Comicus 326; θαυμαστὸν ὅσ᾽ ἐστ᾽ ἀγαθῶν π. Mnesimachus Comicus 4.51 (anap.); οἰκοδομημάτων πλήθεσι ἢ μεγέθεσι Dio Cassius Historicus 52.30, compare 10.
__III.3 more than enough, π. φέρειν LXX.Exo.36.5.
__III.4 plurality, opposed to ἕν, Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 45.
__IV of Time, length, χρόνου Thucydides Historicus 1.1, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 158d, Isocrates Orator 12.180; π. ἐτῶν Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 855; πλήθει πολλῶν μηνῶν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 722 (Lyric poetry).
__V with Preps., or adverbs, ἐς π. in great numbers, Thucydides Historicus 1.14 ; κατὰ πλῆθος a large number at a time, “IG” 12.6.112; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ π. usually, mostly, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 275b; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ π. εἰπεῖν Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione Animalium” 786a35; κατὰ π. Dionysius Halicarnassensis 6.67.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks παμπληθεί G3826 "allen tezamen, iedereen"; Grieks πληθύνω G4129 "vermeerderen, doen gedijen, toenemen, gedijen"; Grieks πλήθω G4130 "vullen, vervuld worden";

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