G4130 πλήθω
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Taal: Grieks

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plētho̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πίμπλημι, [in LXX chiefly for מלא H4390, also for שׂבע H7646;] trans. form in pres. and impf. of πλήθω (intrans. in these tenses), which supplies the other tense forms; to fill: c. acc., Lk 5:7; c. acc. et gen., Mt 27:48; pass., Mt 22:10, Ac 19:29; of that which fills or takes possession of the mind: pass., c. gen., Lk 1:15, 41, 67 4:28 5:26 6:11, Ac 2:4 3:10 4:8, 31 5:17 9:17 13:9, 45. Metaph. (as in LXX for מלא H4390: Ge 29:27, Jb 15:32), to complete, fulfil: pass., of prophecy, Lk 21:22; of time, Lk 1:23, 57 2:6, 21, 22 (cf. ἐμ-πίμπλημι).†

SYN.: πληροφορέω G4135, πληρόω G4137.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πλήθ-ω,
  poetry perfect (in present sense) πέπληθα Pherecrates Comicus 29, Herodas Mimographus 7.84, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22. 38, etc. : pluperfect ἐπεπλήθει Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.271: — _intransitive_ form of πίμπλημι, mostly in present participle, to be full, πλήθει.. νεκύων ἐρατεινὰ ῥέεθρα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.218; ναῦς.. ἀνδρῶν πληθούσας Simonides Lyricus 142.7; θάλασσα.. ναυαγίων πλήθουσα καὶ φόνου Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 420, compare 272 ; χεῖρας κρεῶν πλήθοντες having them full of.., prev. author “Ag.” 1220; τὸ στεγύλλιον πέπληθε καλῶν ἔργων Herodas Mimographus same place: later with dat., κρήνην.. ὕδατι πεπληθυῖαν Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus same place; δόνακι πλήθοντα λιπὼν ῥόον Callimachus Epicus “Fragmenta” 166, compare “Anthologia Graeca” 6.63 (Damocharis Epigrammaticus); πεπληθότα λύθρῳ Maiistas Epicus 25 ; but Ἄναυρος ὄμβρῳ χειμερίῳ πλήθων swollen with winter's rain, ὄμβρῳ being dative of cause, Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 478: abs., of rivers, ποταμῷ πλήθοντι ἐοικώς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.87; ὡς δ᾽ ὁπότε πλήθων ποταμὸς πεδίονδε κάτεισι 11.492 ; of the full moon, σελήνη πλήθουσα 18.484, compare Sappho Lyrica 3: in Attic. Prose only in the phrases ἀγορᾶς πληθούσης, ἐν ἀγορᾷ πληθούσῃ, etc., see at {ἀγορά} IV: πληθούσης ἀγορᾶς rarely = in a full assembly, “SIG” 257.14 (Delph., 4th c.BC).
__II transitive only in later Poets, “Anthologia Graeca” 14.7, Oppianus Apamensis Epicus “Cynegetica” 1.126, 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 6.345 :—passive, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.1392, 4.564, “Anthologia Graeca” 5.232 (1st c.AD(?): Macedonius Epigrammaticus), 4th c.AD(?): Quintus Smyrnaeus Epicus 14.607; πάσαις ἀρεταῖς πληθόμενον κραδίην “BCH” 50.44 (Thespiae, 4th c.AD).
πίμπλημι,
  in present and imperfect formed like{ἵστημι}; Aeolic dialect 3rd.pers. plural πίμπλεισι Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 25.3 ; Epic dialect 3rd.pers. singular subjunctive πιμπλῇσι Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 301 ; imperative πίμπλη conjecture in Xenarchus Comicus 3, ἐμ-πίμπλη Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1310 ; participle πιμπλάς Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 586b; but nom. pl. fem. πιμπλεῖσαι Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 880 : imperfect 3rd.pers. plural ἐπίμπλασαν Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.5.10: other tenses from πλήθω (which in _present_ and _imperfect_ is _intransitive_) : future πλήσω Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 692, (ἀνα-) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.302 : aorist ἔπλησα Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 905, etc. ; Epic dialect πλῆσα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.60, al.: pf. πέπληκα (ἐμ-) Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 23e, “Ly.” 204d:—Med., fut. πλήσομαι (ἐμ-) Aratus Epicus 1121, Appianus Historicus “Συριακή” 7 :aorist ἐπλησάμην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.224, etc. :—passive, future πλησθήσομαι NT.Luke.1.15, 2nd c.AD(?): Charito Scriptor Eroticus 5.5, Himerius Sophista “Orationes” 23.14, (ἐμ-) Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 664, Isocrates Orator 6.69; also πεπλήσομαι Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “de Abstinentia - Porphyrii Opuscula” 1.16 : aorist ἐπλήσθην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.156, etc. ; Epic dialect 3rd.pers. plural πλῆσθεν 17.211, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.705 : perfect πέπλησμαι Babrius Fabularum Scriptor 60, (ἐμ-) Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 518b , 3rd.pers. plural πεπλήαται 7th-6th c.BC(?): Semonides Iambographus 31 A, πέπληνται Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ φυσῶν” 8; also shortened form πλῆνται Parmenides Poeta Philosophus 1.13: aorist 2 ἐπλήμην, Epic dialect 3rd.pers. singular and plural πλῆτο, πλῆντο, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.499, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.57, Parmenides Poeta Philosophus 12.1; ἐν-έπλητο Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 911, 1304; imper. ἔμ-πλησο prev. work 603 ; optative ἐμ-πλῄμην, -ῇτο, prev. author “Ach.” 236, “Lys.” 235 ; participle ἐμ-πλήμενος prev. author “V.” 424, 984, etc. —In the compd. ἐμπίμπλημι (which see; more frequently in Prose) the second μ is sometimes dropped, as ἐμπίπλημ; but returns with the augment, as in ἐνεπίμπλασα; compare πίμπρημι:—fill, with genitive of things, fill full of.., τράπεζαν ἀμβροσίης Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.93; πήρην σίτου καὶ κρειῶν 17.411 ; π. τινὰ μένεος, θάρσευς φρένας, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.60, 17.573; καλάμης τὸ πλοῖον Herodotus Historicus 1.194; π. κρητῆρα κακῶν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1398; πίμπλημ᾽ ὄμμα δακρύων Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 906 ; δακρύων ἔπλησεν ἐμέ filled me full of tears, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 368 : with dative of things, fill with.., ἰαχῇ τε φόβῳ τε πάσας πλῆσαν ὁδούς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.374; δακρύοις Ἑλλάδ᾽ ἅπασαν ἔπλησεν Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1363 (Lyric poetry) ; simply, fill, ἰχθύες.. πιμπλᾶσι μυχούς Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.23, compare 14.35, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 411, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 494a; π. μέλος Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 57.4: abs., πίμπλη σὺ μὲν ἐμοί (i.e. τὴν κύλικα) Xenarchus Comicus 3.
__2 fill full, satisfy, glut, Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 146, etc.
__3 fill, discharge an office, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 361 (uncertain).
__II middle, fill for oneself, or what is one's own, πλησάμενος οἴνοιο δέπας having filled himself a cup of wine, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.224, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.112, etc. ; π. νῆας load ships, prev. work 87 ; π... θυμὸν ἐδητύος ἠδὲ ποτῆτος fill up, satiate one's desire with.., 17.603; ματρόθεν δυσώνυμα λέκτρ᾽ ἐπλήσω Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 528 (Lyric poetry) ; πεδία πίμπλασθ᾽ ἁρμάτων fill the plain full of your chariots, variant in Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 522.
__III passive, to be filled, be full of, τῶν.. ἐπλήσθη πεδίον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 20.156; πλῆτο ῥόος.. ἵππων τε καὶ ἀνδρῶν 21.16; ὄσσε δακρυόφι πλῆσθεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.705, etc.; μένεος.. φρένες.. πίμπλαντο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.104; πλῆσθεν.. μέλε᾽ ἐντὸς ἀλκῆς 17.211 ; ἀλκῆς πλῆτο φρένας .. prev. work 499; ἀϋτῆς.. ἐπλήσθη στέγος Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 646: rarely with dat., λέκτρα δ᾽ ἀνδρῶν πόθῳ πίμπλαται δακρύμασι Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 134 (Lyric poetry); δάκρυσι τὸ στράτευμα πλησθέν Thucydides Historicus 7.75.
__III.2 to be filled, satisfied, have enough of a thing, αἱμάτων γένυσιν πλησθῆναι Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 121 ; π. τῆς νόσου ξυνουσίᾳ to be wearied of it by being with it, prev. author “Ph.” 520; ἡδονῶν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 442a, etc.
__III.3 of females, become pregnant, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 576b29, 578b32 . (Cf. Sanskritpiparti 'fill', pūrṇá-, Latin plenus, Gothic fulls, etc. 'full'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πλέω G4126 "zeilen, varen"; Grieks πλῆθος G4128 "menigte, mensenmenigte, schare"; Grieks πλήμμυρα G4132 "overstroming, vloed"; Grieks πλήρης G4134 "vol"; Grieks πλησμονή G4140 "verzadiging, bevrediging"; Grieks πλοῦτος G4149 "rijkdom";

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