G4133 πλήν
bovendien, maar, toch, niettemin
Taal: Grieks

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plēn,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πλήν, adv., [in LXX for רַק H7535, לְבַד H905, אַךְ H389, etc.;] 1. introducing a clause (= ἀλλά, δέ; "it is obvious that πλήν was the regular word in the vulgar language": Bl., § 77, 13), yet, howbeit, only: Mt 11:22, 24 18:7 26:39, 64 (M, Pr., 86), Lk 6:24, 35 10:11, 14, 20 11:41 12:31 13:33 17:1 18:8 19:27 22:21, 22, 42 (WH, mg. om.) 23:28, I Co 11:11, Eph 5:33, Phl 3:16 4:14, Re 2:25; π. ὅτι (Hdt., Plat., al.), except that, save that, Ac 20:23, Phl 1:18. 2. As prep., c. gen., except, save (cl.): Mk 12:32, Jo 8:10, Ac 8:1 15:28 27:22.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πλήν,
  Doric dialectand Aeolic dialect πλάν “SIG” 56.3(Argos, 5th c.BC), 421.7(Thermum, 3rd c.BC), “IG” 9(1).333.4 (Locr., 5th c.BC), “Berl.Sitzb.” 1927.158 (from Cyrene), “Schwyzer” 633.16, 19 (Eresus, 2nd-1st c.BC) : preposition with genitive, except, save, πάντων Φαιήκων πλήν γ᾽ αὐτοῦ Λαοδάμαντος Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.207; τίς ἔτλη.. π. Ἡρακλῆο; Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 74, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 914, “IG” 12.6.108, etc.: with γε, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 909, etc. ; ὑπεγγύους π. θανάτου liable to any punishment short of death, Herodotus Historicus 5.71 ; ἐπιτρέψαι περὶ σφῶν αὐτῶν π. θανάτου save in respect of death, Thucydides Historicus 4.54 ; σκυλεύειν τοὺς τελευτήσαντας π. ὅπλων of anything save their arms, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 469c ; διαρπάσαι.. ἐπέτρεψε πλὴν ἀνδραπόδων to carry off all plunder save slaves, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.4.27.
__2 later, besides, in addition to, LXX.Deu.18.8, 29.1.
__B conjunction:
__B.I with single words and phrases, especially when a negative precedes, οὐκ ἆρ᾽ Ἀχαιοῖς ἄνδρες εἰσὶ π. ὅδ; Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1238; οὐκ οἶδα π. ἕν prev. author “OC” 1161, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 752; οὐ κάτοιδα π. ἐπὶ σμικρὸν φράσαι Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 414, compare Amphis Comicus 13 : after a question implying a negative, τί σοι πέπρακται π.τεύχειν κακ; Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 125, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 646: after πᾶς, etc., τὸ δ᾽ ἄρσεν αἰνῶ πάντα π. γάμου τυχεῖν Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 737; παντὶ δῆλον π. ἐμοί Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 529a, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 299, Isocrates Orator 12.19, etc.; νικᾶν.. πανταχοῦ.. ἔφυν π. εἰς σέ Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1053 (πᾶς is sometimes omitted, θνῄσκουσι πάντες π. εἷς τις prev. author “OT” 118; ἀλλ᾽ ἔστι πᾶσι πλὴν σοί prev. work 370): frequently with ἄλλος (much like{ἤ}), τί οὖν μ᾽ ἄνωγας ἄλλο π. ψευδῆ λέγει; prev. author “Ph.” 100, compare “Aj.” 125, “Ant.” 236, Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 106, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.2.1, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 334b, etc. : after a comparative, ταῦτ᾽ ἐστὶ κρείσσω π. ὑπ᾽ Ἀργείοις πεσεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 231, compare Plato Philosophus “Minos” 318e, etc.; πάντα μᾶλλον π. αὐτὸς ἅψασθαι Demosthenes Orator 21.179 : after a superlative, τὸ μέγιστον εἴργται π. αἱ τάξεις τοῦ φόρου Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Atheniensium” 3.5.
__B.II frequently joined with other Particles:
__B.II.1 π. εἰ, π. ἐάν, ὅταν,
__B.II.1.a followed by a Verb, π. εἴ τις κωμῳδοποιὸς τυγχάνει ὤν Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 18d, compare “Tht.” 177d, Demosthenes Orator 3.18, 10.39, etc.; π. ὅταν Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 260, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 293, etc.; π. εἰ ἄρα μή 1st cStrabo Geographus 7.3.8; π. ἐὰν μὴ ἐξέλθῃ Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 554b2.
__B.II.1.b with Verb omitted, οὐδεὶς οἶδεν.., π. εἴ τις ἄρ᾽ ὄρνις Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 601, compare Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.2.21, etc. ; π. εἰ μή, after a negative, οὐδὲν προσδεησόμεθα, π. εἰ μὴ πάρεργόν τι Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 286d (variant); οὐδὲν ἂν πάθοι.., π. εἰ μή που κατὰ συμβεβηκός Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione et Corruptione” 323b26; οὐ δεῖ.. τοῦτο.. κινεῖσθαι, π. εἰ μὴ κατὰ σ. prev. author “de An.” 406b8, compare “APr.” 43a39, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Causis Plantarum” 1.10.6, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 4.74.—The pleonastic phrase π. εἰ μή is censured by Lucianus Sophista “Sol.” 7.
__B.II.2 πλὴν ἤ (where ἤ adds nothing to the sense; πλὴν εἰ is a common variant), οὐκ ἄλλῳ π. ἢ Προδίκῳ Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 361, compare 734; οὐδὲν κάκιον.., πλὴν ἄρ᾽ ἢ γυναῖκες prev. author “Th.” 532, compare Herodotus Historicus 2.111, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 42a (variant{π. εἰ}) ; also οὐ τὸν ἄνθρωπον ὑγιάζει π. ἀλλ᾽ ἢ.. Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 981a18 (variant).
__B.II.3 π. οὐ only not, πάντες προσδέχονται, π. οὐχ οἱ τύραννοι Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 1.18 (variant cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 4.144d), compare “Lac.” 15.6, Demosthenes Orator 18.45, 56.23, “Berl.Sitzb.” prev. cited
__B.II.4 π. ὅτι except that.., save that.., καίτοι τί διαφέρουσιν ἡμῶν ἐκεῖνοι, π. ὅτι ψηφίσματ᾽ οὐ γράφουσι; Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1429; π. ἢ ὅτι Herodotus Historicus 4.189 ; πλήν γε ὅτι, πλήν γε δὴ ὅτι, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 183a, “Phd.” 57b ; after ὁμοίως, τὰ αὐτά, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pelopidas” 4, Artemidorus Daldianus Onirocriticus 1.56.
__B.II.5 π. ὅσον except or save so far as.., παρήκουσι παρὰ πᾶσαν τὴν Λιβύην.., π. ὅσον Ἕλληνες.. ἔχουσι Herodotus Historicus 2.32, compare Dionysius Halicarnassensis 1.23; π. ὅσα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 456a; π. καθόσον Dio Cassius Historicus 72.19; π. καθόσον εἰ Thucydides Historicus 6.88 codices
__B.II.5.b without a Verb, πάντων ἐρήμους, π. ὅσον τὸ σὸν μέρος save so far as thou art concerned, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1509 ; τοὺς πολλοὺς ἀπέκτειναν π. ὅσον ἐκ τριῶν νεῶν οὓς ἐζώγρησαν except only.., Thucydides Historicus 7.23, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 670a, 856d; ἀληθευτικός, π. ὅσα μὴ δι᾽ εἰρωνείαν Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1124b30.
__B.III introducing a clause, mostly preceded by οὐδείς, πᾶς, ἄλλος, save that, νῦν δ᾽ οὐδεμία πάρεστιν.., π. ἥ γ᾽ ἐμὴ κωμῆτις ἥδ᾽ ἐξέρχεται Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 5, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 41, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.8.20, etc.; οὐκ ἀντεξῄεσαν π. ἕως ἀκροβολισμοῦ Polybius Historicus 1.18.2 : without any such word preceding, only, albeit, ἀπέπεμπε κήρυκας ἐς τὴν Ἑλλάδα, π. οὔτε ἐς Ἀθήνας οὔτε ἐς Λακεδαίμονα ἀπέπεμπε Herodotus Historicus 7.32, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1643, Thucydides Historicus 8.70, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 328e, etc.
__B.III.2 to break off and pass to another subject, only, however, π. γνώριζε ἄτοπος ὤν “PCair.Zen.” 454.10 (3rd c.BC),compare Polybius Historicus 1.69.14, 2.17.1, NT.1Cor.11.11, Diogenes Oenoandensis Epicureus 8, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pericles” 34, etc.: in late Prose, π. ἀλλά prev. author “Pyrrh.” 5, Lucianus Sophista “Prom.” 20, “DMort.” 13.3, 20.4, etc.; π. ἀλλά γε prev. author “Rh.Pr.” 24.
__B.III.3 simply for δέ, but, πολλὴν στρατιὰν ἀθροίσας, π. ἄπειρον μάχης Herodianus Grammaticus 3.4.1; δυστυχῶν μέν, π. ἀλλ᾽ Ἑλλήνων Heliodorus Scriptor Eroticus 6.7. (Cogn. with πλησίος, πελάζω, compare ἔμπλην.)

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