G4151 πνεῦμα
luchtbeweging, geest, levensbeginsel
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Heilige Geest,

Statistieken

Komt 384x voor in 25 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

pneýma,
Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πνεῦμα, -τος, τό, (< πνέω), [in LXX chiefly and very freq. for רוּחַ H7307;] 1. (a) wind: Jo 3:8; pl., He 1:7(LXX); (b) breath: π. ζωῆς, Re 11:11; π. τοῦ στόματος, fig., II Th 2:8 (cf. Ps 32 (33):6). 2. Of the vital principle, the spirit (Arist., Polyb., al.): Lk 8:55, Jo 19:30, Ac 7:59, al.; opp. to σάρξ, Mt 26:41, Mk 14:38, I Co 5:5, al.; to σῶμα, Ro 8:10, I Co 6:17 7:34, I Pe 4:6; to ψυχή, Phl 1:27, He 4:12; τὸ π. καὶ ἡ ψ. καὶ τ. σῶμα, I Th 5:23 (M, Th., in l.); dat., τῷ π., in spirit, Mk 2:8 8:12, Jo 11:33 13:21, Ac 18:25, Ro 12:11, I Co 7:34, I Pe 3:18, al.; of the human spirit of Christ, Ro 1:4, I Ti 3:16. 3. spirit, i.e. frame of mind, disposition, influence: Lk 1:17, Ro 8:15, I Co 4:21, Gal 6:1, Eph 2:2, II Ti 1:7, I Jo 4:6, al. 4. An incorporeal being, a spirit: Lk 24:37, 39, Ac 23:8; π. ὁ θεός, God is spirit, Jo 4:24; πατὴρ τῶν π., He 12:9; of disembodied human beings, He 12:23, I Pe 3:19 (ICC, in l.; DB, iii, 795); of angels. He 1:14; of demons or evil spirits, Mt 8:16, Mk 9:20, Lk 9:39, al.; π. πύθωνα, Ac 16:16; πνεύματα δαιμονίων, Re 16:14; π. δαιμονίου ἀκαθάρτου, Lk 4:33; π. ἀσθενείας (Bl., § 35, 5), Lk 13:11; π. ἀκάθαρτον, Mt 10:1, Mk 1:23, Lk 4:36, Ac 5:16; π. ἄλαλον (καὶ κωφόν), Mk 9:17, 25; πονηρόν, Lk 7:21, Ac 19:12, al. 5. Of the Holy Spirit, π. ἅγιον, τὸ ἅ. π., τὸ π. τὸ ἅ., τὸ π., π. (the article as a rule being used when the Spirit is regarded as a Person or a Divine Power, and omitted when the reference is to an operation, influence or gift of the Spirit; v. WM, 1515; Bl., § 46, 7): anarth., Mt 1:18 3:11, 16 4:1, Mk 1:8 (Swete, in l.), Mk 1:10, Lk 1:15, Jo 7:39, Ac 19:2, Ro 5:5, I Co 2:4, al.; c. art., Mt 4:1 12:31, 32, Mk 1:10 3:29, Lk 2:26, Jo 7:36 14:26, Ac 4:31 5:3, Ro 8:16, al.; (τὸ) π. (τοῦ) θεοῦ, Mt 3:16, Ro 8:9, Eph 3:16, I Jo 4:2, al.; τὸ π. τ. πατρός, Mt 10:20; π. θεοῦ ζῶντος, II Co 3:3; (τὸ) π. τοῦ κυρίου, Lk 4:18, Ac 5:9 8:39; τὸ π. Ἰησοῦ, Ac 16:7; Χριστοῦ, Ro 8:9; Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, Phl 1:19; τὸ π. τ. ἀληθείας, Jo 15:26 16:13, I Jo 4:6; λείγει (μαρτυρεῖ) τὸ π. (τὸ ἅγιον), Ac 21:11 28:25, I Ti 4:1, He 3:7 10:15, Re 14:13; seq. τ. ἐκκλησίαις, Re 2:7, 11, 17, 29, 3:6, 13, 22; ἐν τ. π., Lk 2:27; κατὰ πνεῦμα, Ro 8:4, 5; ἐξ ὕδατος καὶ π., Jo 3:5; διὰ πνεύματος αἰωνίου, He 9:14; ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος, II Th 2:18, I Pe 1:2; ἓν π., I Co 12:13, Eph 2:18 4:4; ὁ δὲ κύριος τὸ π. ἐστιν, II Co 3:17; of that which is effected or governed by the Spirit, opp. to γράμμα, Ro 2:29 7:6, II Co 3:6.

SYN.: νοῦς, which in NT is contrasted with π. as "the action of the understanding in man with that of the spiritual or ecstatic impulse" (DB, iv, 612); ψυχή—the usual term in cl. psychology—in NT, "expresses man as apart from God, a separate individual, π. expresses man as drawing his life from God" (DB, 1-vol., 872).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πνεῦμα, ατος, τό,
  (πνέω) blast, wind, first in Anaximenes Philosophus 2, ὅλον τὸν κόσμον π. καὶ ἀὴρ περιέχει : frequently in Trag., etc., ἀνέμων πνεύματα πάντων Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1086 (anap.), compare 1047 (anap.) ; θαλάσσας.. πνεύματι λάβρῳ prev. author “Pers.” 110 (Lyric poetry); πνευμάτων ἐπομβρίᾳ prev. author “fragment” 300.3; τέως δὲ κούφοις πνεύμασιν βόσκου Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 558; πνεύμασιν θαλασσίοις ἐξωσθέντες Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 278 (but πνοή is commoner in Poets; Homerus Epicus uses πνοιή); πνεύματα ἀνέμων Herodotus Historicus 7.16. ; τὸ π. κατῄει Thucydides Historicus 2.84 ; κατὰ πρύμναν ἵσταται τὸ π. prev. work 97; τὸ π. λεῖον καὶ καθεστηκὸς λαβεῖν Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 1003; τὸ π. ἔλαττον γίγνεται prev. author “Eq.” 441; εἰ φορὸν π. εἴη Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.2.27 ; κατὰ πνεῦμα στῆναι τοῦ ἄρρενος to leeward of him, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 560b14 ; but κατὰ π. προσιόντες down wind, prev. work 535a19 ; πνεύματος ἀνείλησις, ἐκπύρωσις, Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 2pp.44,45 U. ; as an element, air, Corp.Herm. 1.9, 16; τὸ π. τὸ περὶ τὴν ψυχήν Plotinus Philosophus 2.2.2, compare Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus “Sententiae ad intelligibilia ducentes” 29.
__2 metaphorically, θαλερωτέρῳ π. with more genial breeze or influence, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 708 (Lyric poetry); λύσσης π. μάργῳ prev. author “Pr.” 884 (anap.) ; αἰδοίῳ π. χώρας with air or spirit of respect on the part of the country, prev. author “Supp.” 29 (anap.) ; π. ταὐτὸν οὔποτ᾽.. ἐν ἀνδράσιν φίλοις βέβηκεν the wind is constantly changing even among friends, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 612; π. συμφορᾶς Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1317; ὅταν θεοῦ σοι π. μεταβαλὸν τύχῃ prev. author “HF” 216.
__II breathed air, breath, σάλπιγξ βροτείου πνεύματος πληρουμένη Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 568 ; αὐλῶν, λωτοῦ π., Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 128 (Lyric poetry), “Ph.” 787 (Lyric poetry, pl.) ; π. ἀπέρρηξεν βίου the breath of life, Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 507; π. ἀπώλεσεν prev. author “Th.” 984 (Lyric poetry) ; π. ἄθροισον collect breath, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 851 ; π. ἀφεῖναι, ἀνεῖναι, μεθεῖναι, to give up the ghost, prev. author “Hec.” 571, “Or.” 277, “Tr.” 785 (anap.); π. δειμαίνων λιπεῖν prev. author “Supp.” 554; π... δυσῶδες ἠφίει Thucydides Historicus 2.49 ; πνεύματος διαρροαί the wind-pipe, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 567; τὰς τοῦ π. διεξόδους ἀποφράττον Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 91c (see. πνεύμων); πνεύματος ῥώμη Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.804b: proverbial, ἄνθρωπός ἐστι π. καὶ σκιὰ μόνον Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 13.
__II.2 breathing, respiration, frequently in Hippocrates Medicus, π. πυκνόν, ἀραιόν, ἐκτεῖνον, κατεπεῖγον, “Epid.” 2.3.7; π. πυκνότερον “Acut.” 16 ; π. προσκόπτον checked, difficult breathing, Aph. 4.68 ; π. ἄσημον indistinct, feeble breathing, Epid. 6.7.8 ; π. βηχῶδες “Coac.” 622 ; π. μετέωρον shallow breathing, Epid. 2.3.1 ; τὸ π. ἔχειν ἄνω to be out of breath, Menander Comicus 23, cf. Sosicrates Comicus 1 ; τὸ π. ἀνήνεγκαν recovered their breath, Hippocrates Medicus “προρρητικόν” 2.12 (so without τὸ π. “Aph.” 2.43) ; but ἀναφέρουσιν.. κλαίοντά τε καὶ ἐς τὰς ῥῖνας ἀνέλκοντα τὸ π. they sob.., prev. author “Hebd.” 51.
__II.2.b plural, of the air imagined as filling the veins, πνευμάτων ἀπολήψιες ἀνὰ φλέβας prev. author Acut.(Sp.) 7, al.
__II.3 flatulence, in plural, Eubulus Comicus 107.9, Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 948b25, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 2.112, 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 6.94.
__II.4 breath of life, π. ζωῆς LXX.Gen.6.17, 7.15, compare Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pericles” 13,etc.+1st c.AD+; π. ἔχειν retain life, Polybius Historicus 31.10.4 ; living being, ἐγὼ Νίνος πάλαι ποτ᾽ ἐγενόμην π. Phoenix Iambographus 1.16 ; οὐ π. πάντα βρότεια σοὶ (i.e. Πλούτωνι) νέμετα; “IG” 14.769 (from Naples).
__II.5 that which is breathed forth or exhaled, odour, ὦ θεῖον ὀδμῆς π. Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1391 ; π. βαρὺ ἀφιεῖσα, of a tree, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.647b.
__II.6 Grammars, breathing with which a vowel is pronounced, prev. work 1009e (pl.), Apollonius Dyscolus Grammaticus “de Adverbiis;” 147.18 ; π. δασύ, ψιλόν, prev. author “Pron.” 78.6, “Adv.” 148.9.
__III divine inspiration, ἄγρια.. πνεύματα θευφορίης “Anthologia Graeca” 6.220.4 (Dioscorides Epigrammaticus); εἰ μή τι θεῖον.. ἐνῆν π. τῇ ψυχῇ Plato Philosophus “Axiochus” 370c; τὸ ἱερὸν καὶ δαιμόνιον ἐν μούσαις π. Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.605a; καθαρὸν δίκαιον.. π. θεοῦ σωτῆρος “BMus.Inscription” 1062 (Cyrene, 2nd c.AD).
__IV the spirit of God, π. θεοῦ LXX.Gen.1.2, etc.: frequently in <
__IV.2 spirit of man, εἴτ᾽ ἐστὶ τοῦτο π. θεῖον εἴτε νοῦς Menander Comicus 482.3 : in <; τῷ π., opposed to τῷ σώματι, NT.1Cor.5.3 ; also, opposed to γράμμα, NT.Rom.2.29.
__V spiritual or immaterial being, angel, NT.Heb.1.14, NT.Rev.1.4 ; τὰ ἄχραντα π., τὰ κακὰ π., Iamblichus Philosophus “de Mysteriis” 3.31 ; π. πονηρόν, ψευδές, LXX.Judg.9.23, LXX.1Ki.22.21, cf. NT.Act.19.12, 15, NT.Rev.16.14, Porphyrius Tyrius Philosophus cited in Eusebius Caesariensis Scriptor Ecclesiasticus “Praeparatio Evangelica” 4.23, etc.+NT+3rd c.AD+; ἀλάλου καὶ κακοῦ π. οὖσα πλήρης (i.e. ἡ Πυθία) Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.438b.
__VI Rhet., sentence declaimed in one breath, Hermogenes Rhetor “περὶ εὑρέσεως” 3.10, 4.4, al.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πνευματικός G4152 "geest (menselijke)"; Grieks πνέω G4154 "blazen, adem halen"; Grieks ψυχή G5590 "adem, levensadem. ziel, psyche, Psychologie";

Commentaar

Zie de huisregels welk commentaar wordt opgenomen!


Mede mogelijk dankzij

TuinTuin