G4152 πνευματικός
geest (menselijke)
Taal: Grieks

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pneymatikos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

* πνευματικός, -ή, -όν (< πνεῦμα), 1. of or caused by the wind, air or breath (Arist., al.). 2. spiritual (opp. to σωματικός (a) of created beings: τὰ π. (RV, the spiritual hosts), Eph 6:12; of that which is related to the human spirit, opp. to ψυχικός, I Co 15:44, 46; (b) α of persons: I Co 2:15 3:1 14:37, Ga 6:1; οἶκος π., fig., I Pe 2:5; β of things: Ro 1:11 7:14, I Co 2:13 10:3, 4 12:1 14:1, Eph 1:3 5:19, Col 1:9 3:16, I Pe 2:5; opp. to τ. σαρκικά, Ro 15:27, I Co 9:11.†

SYN.: ψυχικός G5591, q.v., and cf. DB, ii, 410, iv, 612.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πνευμᾰτ-ικός, ή, όν,
  of wind or air, κινήσεις Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 916b4; βία π. prev. author “HA” 586a17; φύσεις Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 2p.39U.; ἀέρος ψυχρότης Theophrastus Philosophus “de Causis Plantarum” 4.12.5 ; π. ὄργανον a machine moved by wind, Vitruvius Scriptor de Architectura Latinus 10.1.1; μηχάνημα Galenus Medicus “περὶ ψυχῆς παθῶν κτλ. - Galeni Scripta Minora” 2.3.
__2 of the nature of wind or air, τὰ π. Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 380a23 ; π. ξηρότης, i. e. a dry vapour, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Alexander” 35.
__2.b of subtle substance, τὸ π. 1st cStrabo Geographus 1.3.5 ; οὐσία, opposed to ὑγρά, Philo Judaeus 1.15, compare Cleomedes Astronomus 1.8, Galenus Medicus 7.596.
__3 inflated, distended with air, ὑστέραι Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 584b22.
__4 active (= πνευματώδης 1.3) , causing flatulence, οἶνος prev. author “Pr.” 955a35; βρώματα Nicomachus Comicus 1.31, compare Diphilus Siphnius Rerum Naturalium Scriptor cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 3.73a (Sup.), Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.286e, Soranus Medicus 1.52 . adverb -κῶς by flatulence, Archigenes Medicus cited in Galenus Medicus 12.537.
__5 breathing, exhaling, εὐοσμία Theophrastus Philosophus “de Causis Plantarum” 6.16.3.
__II of the breath or breathing, τὸ π. μόριον, ὁ π. τόπος, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione Animalium” 781a31, “Pr.” 962a11.
__III of spirit, spiritual, interpolated in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.129c ; opposed to σαρκικός, ψυχικός, NT.Rom.15.27, NT.1Cor.2.13, etc. adverb -κῶς prev. work 14.
__IV οἱ Π. a school of physicians who referred all questions of health to pneumatic agencies, Galenus Medicus 8.749, 15.111.
__V conveying πνεῦμα, κοιλία, of the left ventricle of the heart (opposed to αἱματική), Erasistratus Medicus cited in same work “UP” 6.12, compare “Placita Philosophorum” 4.5.7.
__VI Rhet., adverb -κῶς in one breath (compare πνεῦμα VI), ἀποτείνεσθαι Hermogenes Rhetor “περὶ εὑρέσεως” 4.1.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πνεῦμα G4151 "luchtbeweging, geest, levensbeginsel"; Grieks πνευματικῶς G4153 "geestelijk"; Grieks ψυχικός G5591 "van of behorend tot de adem";

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