G4172 πόλις
stad
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Stad, dorp,

Statistieken

Komt 163x voor in 13 Bijbelboeken.

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Woordstudie

polis̱, zn vr van hetzelfde als πόλεμος G04171 of misschien van πολύς G04183; TDNT - 6:516,906;


een stad

a) iemands geboortestad, de stad waar iemand woont

b) het hemels Jeruzalem b1) het verblijf van de gezegenden in de hemel b2) van de zichtbare stad in het hemels koninkrijk, dat op de aarde zal neerdalen na de vernieuwing van de wereld door vuur

c) de inwoners van een stad


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πόλις, -εως, ἡ, [in LXX chiefly and very freq. for עִיר H5892;] a city: Mt 2:23, Mk 1:45, Lk 4:29, Jo 4:8, al. mult.; opp. to κῶμαι (κ. καὶ ἀγροί), Mt 9:35 10:11, Mk 6:56, Lk 8:1 13:22; c. nom. propr. in appos. (cl.), Ac 11:5 16:14; c. id. in gen. appos. (Bl., § 35, 5), Ac 8:5, II Pe 2:6; gen., of the region, Lk 1:26 4:31, Jo 4:5; of the inhabitants, Mt 10:5, 23, Lk 23:51, Ac 19:35, II Co 11:32; c. gen. pers., of one's residence or native place, Mt 22:7, Lk 2:4, 11 4:29 10:11, Jo 1:45, Ac 16:20, Re 16:9; of Jerusalem: ἡ ἁγία π., Mt 4:5 27:53, Re 11:2; ἡ ἠγαπημένη, Re 20:19; π. τοῦ μεγάλου βασιλέως, Mt 5:35 (cf. Ps 47 (48):2); of the heavenly city in the Apocalyptic visions, Re 3:12 21:2, 10, 14 ff. 22:14, 19. By meton., of the inhabitants of a city: Mt 8:34 12:25 21:10, Mk 1:33, Ac 14:21 21:30.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πόλις,
  Epic dialect also πτόλις (found sometimes in Trag. etc., see at {πτόλις}), ἡ: Epic dialect forms, accusative singular πόληα Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 105, Callias Epigrammaticus “Aet.Oxy.” 2080.62 ; genitive πόλιος or πτόλιος, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.811, 4.514, al., πόληος 16.395, al. (also Theognis Elegiacus 757), πόλεος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 21.567; dat. πόλει 5.686, al., πτόλεϊ 17.152, πόληϊ 3.50 (also Tyrtaeus Elegiacus 12.15): pl., nom. πόλιες Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.412, πόληες Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.45; gen. πολίων 1.125, al.; dat. πολίεσσι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.252; acc. πόλεις Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.648, al., πόληας Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.486, Callimachus Epicus “Fragmenta” 9.70 P.(scanned ?~X ?~X ?~X ¯ “IG” 12.826), πόλιας (disyll.) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 8.560, 574, (_trisyllable_) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.308 (assuming variant, πόλεας Aristarchus Grammaticus) : Ionic dialect forms, genitive πόλεως “IG” 12(8).356 (from Thasos), “GDI” 5653a13 (from Chios), etc., also Xenophanes Poeta Philosophus 2.9, 22, variant in Theognis Elegiacus 1043; written πόλειως “GDI” 5532.19 (from Zeleia); πόλεος prev. work5339.41 (Orop.), “IG” 12(7).103 (from Amorgos), Theognis Elegiacus 776, etc., πόλιος Herodotus Historicus 1.26, al., Herodas Mimographus 2.8, al., πόληος Theognis Elegiacus (see. above), conjecture in Hipponax Iambographus 47, compare “Anecdota Graeca - MSS. Bibl. Oxon.” 1.361 ; dative mostly πόλει, but πόλῑ Herodotus Historicus 2.60, al., πόληϊ (or -ῃ) “SIG” 169.3 (lasos, 4th c.BC): pl., usually πόλεις, πόλεων, πόλεσι, but in Herodotus Historicus πόλιες 1.142, al., πολίων prev. work 6, al., πόλισι prev. work 151, al. ; accusative πόλῑς 2.177, al., πόλιας 1.142, 2.102, al. : Doric dialect genitive singular πόλιος “SIG” 615.3 (Delph., 2nd c.BC) ; dative singular πόλι “IG” 4.839 (Calaurea, 4th c.BC) ; dative plural πολίεσι Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 7.8 ; πολίεσσι Foed.Lac. cited in Thucydides Historicus 5.77 (variant{πολίεσι}), 79, “IG” 42(1).74.4 (Epid., 3rd c.BC) ; Cretan dialect πόλιθι “GDI” 5019.3 : Aeolic dialect genitive πόλιος “IG” 12(2).526a8 (πόληος is an Epicism in Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 17.6); gen. pl. πολίων “IG” 11(4).1064b20; dat. pl. πολίεσσι prev. work 12(2).1.6: Trag., gen. πόλεως disyllable (as also in Comedy texts, except Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 763), thrice πόλεος Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1167 (Lyric poetry), Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 162, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 897:—Attic. Inscrr. earlier than 4th c.BC sometimes have dat. sg. πόλῃ, “IG” 12.108.35,22.17.10,42.5, 53.7 ; Attic dialect dual πόλη Isocrates Orator 8.116, πόλη or πόλει Aeschines Orator Socratis et Socraticorum Epistulae 8 (where Choeroboscus Grammaticus cites both forms, “in Theod.” 1.314, 136 H.); gen. τοῖν πολέοιν Isocrates Orator 4.73: Elean nom. sg. πόλερ “Schwyzer” 425.16; gen. πόλιορ prev. work20 (3rd-2nd c.BC) :—city, Homerus Epicus same places, Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 270, etc. ; π. ἄκρη, ἀκροτάτη, ={ἀκρόπολις}, the citadel, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.88, 20.52 ; which at Athens also was in early times called simply π., while the rest of the city was called ἄστυ, καλεῖται.. ἡ ἀκρόπολις μέχρι τοῦδε ἔτι ὑπ᾽ Ἀθηναίων π. Thucydides Historicus 2.15 ; ἐν πόλει in treaties, prev. author 5.23, 47, compare “IG” 12.372.1, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 245, 758; ἐς πόλιν “IG” 12.91.4; πρὸς πόλιν Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 288 (Lyric poetry); ἐκ πόλεως prev. author “Eq.” 1093; but ἐν τῇ πόλει Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.1.27, uncertain in Antipho Orator 6.39 ; so Ἰνάχου π. the citadel of Argos, Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 228.6 ; of the Cadmea at Thebes, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pelopidas” 18, compare 1st cStrabo Geographus 8.6.8 ; of Alexandria, 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis 239.13 ; π. ἡ ἁγία, of Jerusalem, LXX.Neh.11.1: with the name of the city added in gen., Ἰλίου π., Ἄργους π., the city of.., Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 29, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 813 ; also in apposition, ἡ Μένδη π. Thucydides Historicus 4.130; ἡ π. οἱ Ταρσοί Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.2.26.
__2 one's city or country, πόθι τοι π. ἠδὲ τοκῆε; Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.170, etc., compare πόλιν· τὴν χώραν, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus
__3 ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς πόλεως city governor, “OGI” 113.3,134.2, al.(Cyprus, 2nd c.BC), Polybius Historicus 5.39.3: without Art., ἐπὶ πόλιος “IG” 7.2809.2 (Hyettus, 3rd c.BC), etc.; ἐπὶ πόλεως prev. work299.1 (Oropus. 3rd c.BC) ; στρατηγὸς πόλεως “OGI” 743 (Ptolemaeus Epigrammaticus); στρατηγὸς τῆς π. “BGU” 729.1 (2nd c.AD) ; στρατηγὸς κατὰ πόλιν, = Latin praetor urbanus, Inscriptiones Graecae 14.951.2 (Rome, 1st c.BC).
__II country, as dependent on and called after its city, ἀνθρώπων οἳ τήνδε π. καὶ γαῖαν ἔχουσιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 6.177, compare Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 380, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 1533. etc. ; especially of islands peopled by men, Αῆμνον π. Θόαντος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.230 ; π. Αἴαντος, ={Σαλαμίς}, Pindarus Lyricus “I.” 5(4).48, etc.; περιρρύτας π. Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 77, compare Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 294, Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 251 (see. Scholia); also διώχληκε π. πολλὰς.., Σικελίαν, Ἰταλίαν, Πελοπόννησον, Θετταλίαν κτλ. Lysias Orator 6.6, compare 1st cStrabo Geographus 8.3.31.
__III community or body of citizens (opposed to ἄστυ, their dwellings, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.144, but in δῆμός τε π. τε Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.14, π. denotes the town), ὧν π. ἀνάριθμος ὄλλυται Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 179 (Lyric poetry): hence,
__III.2 state or community, ξύμπασα π. κακοῦ ἀνδρὸς ἀπηύρα Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 240, compare Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 2.88, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 22, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 947, etc.; π. ἄνδρα διδάσκει Simonides Lyricus 67 ; especially free state, republic, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 738 (compare 734), Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 8.2.28, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1276a23; τὰ τῆς π. state affairs, government, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 319a; π. ἡ γενῶν καὶ κωμῶν κοινωνία ζωῆς τελείας καὶ αὐτάρκους Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1280b40 ; τὴν π. φεύγειν shun one's public duties, Demosthenes Orator 45.66 ; assembly of citizens, Berl.Sitzb. 1927.8 (Locr., 5th c.BC).
__III.3 rights of citizenship, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 718, Demosthenes Orator 21.106.
__IV πόλιν παίζειν, a game resembling backgammon, Cratinus Comicus 56 , perhaps alluded to in Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 422e . (Cf. Sanskrit pūr, Lithuanian pilìs 'fortrees'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks Ἀμφίπολις G295 "Amfipolis"; Grieks Ἱεράπολις G2404 "Hierapolis"; Grieks κωμόπολις G2969 "dorp, stad"; Grieks μητρόπολις G3390 "metropool, wereldstad"; Grieks Νεάπολις G3496 "Neapolis"; Grieks Νικόπολις G3533 "Nicopolis"; Grieks πόλεμος G4171 "oorlog, gevecht, veldslag, strijd, twist, onenigheid"; Grieks πολιτάρχης G4173 "burgemeester"; Grieks πολίτης G4177 "burger"; Grieks πολύς G4183 "veel, groot, machtig, sterk";

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