G4239 πραΰς
zachtheid, liefelijkheid, vriendelijkheid
Taal: Grieks

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Zachtmoedig,

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praΰs̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πραΰς, -εῖα, , and πρᾷος (or πρᾶος, v. Bl., § 3, 3), , -ον (v. LS, Thayer, s.v.), [in LXX (always -ΰς, exc. II Mac 15:12, -ᾷος, v. Thackeray, Gr., 180 f.) for עָנָו H6035, עָנָיו H6037, עָנִי H6041;] gentle, meek: Mt 5:5 11:29 21:5(LXX), I Pe 3:4.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

Included with: πρᾶος, ον,
  also πρᾱΰς, Ionic dialect πρηΰς, εῖα, ΰ:—πρᾶος supplies singular in Attic dialect, Trag., and Comedy texts, except that the feminine is always πραεια (πρᾶος as feminine only in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.168d) ; but singular πραΰς, Ionic dialect πρηΰς, is used in Epic dialect and Lyric poetry (also in Xenophon Historicus and usually in LXX, Polybius Historicus, etc.)+5th c.BC+:—plural, nominative πρηέες Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 1.10, πρηεῖς “Anthologia Graeca” 5.208 (Posidippus Comicus or Asclepiades Epigrammaticus), πρᾶοι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 562d, etc.; fem. πρηεῖαι “Anthologia Graeca” 6.244 (1st cCrinagoras Epigrammaticus); neut. πραέα Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 15.4, “Eq.” 9.10, etc., πρᾶα Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 488b22, f.l. in Philo Judaeus 2.351; gen. πραέων Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.4.9; dat. πραέσι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 888a, 930a, fem. πραίαις written for πραείαις “IG” 7.3101 (Lebad., 3rd c.AD) ; accusative πραεῖς Polybius Historicus 18.37.7, πράους Isocrates Orator 3.55 : comparative πραότερος Lysias Orator 20.21, πραΰτερος Epicharmus Comicus 153, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 85a, etc. , Ionic dialect πρηΰτ- Herodotus Historicus 2.181 : superlative πραότατος Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 116c, etc., πραΰτατος “Syria” 5.337 (from Sidon) ; Epic dialect and Ionic dialect πρηΰτατος Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 2.937, “Anthologia Graeca” 6.349 (Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus); πράϋστος “MAMA” 1.237 (from Phrygia) . (The ι subscr. is frequently written in codices, but Πρᾶος is written in “IG” 22.1928.20 (_proper name_, 4th c.BC), “IGRom.” 4.504 (Pergam.), compare Photius Legal icographus, etc., “Etymologicum Gudianum” 478.31 ; πραύτερος is found once in codices, Plato Philosophus “Ti.” prev. cited (proved wrong by πραΰς “Comica Adespota” in “Gött. Nachr.” 1922.31, πραέα (neut. pl.) in “PCair.Zen.” 33.12 (3rd c.BC), πραέως “UPZ” 144.6 (2nd c.BC), and by the absence of iota in Ion. πρηΰς)) :—mild, soft, gentle (not in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” or Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey”):
__1 of things, πρηῢ σέλας “H.Hom.” 8.10; πραῢς ὄαρος Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.136 ; mild, πυρετοί Hp. same place; ἰητρείη πρηεῖα prev. author “Art.” 69 ; of sound, soft, gentle, τὴν φωνὴν πραοτέραν ποιοῦνται Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 1.10; ἀνέμων πρηΰτατε Ζέφυρε “Anthologia Graeca” 6.349 (Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus) ; ὠδῖνες prev. work 244 (1st cCrinagoras Epigrammaticus); κέντρον prev. work 229 ( prev. author).
__2 of persons, mild, gentle, meek, πραῢς ἀστοῖς Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.71; πᾶσιν ἵλεώς τε καὶ πρᾶος Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 566e ; πρὸς τοὺς οἰκείους π. prev. work 375c; π. τὸ ἦθος prev. author “Phdr.” 243c; π. ἐν τοῖς λόγοις prev. author “Euthd.” 303d ; especially after having been angry, Herodotus Historicus 2.181 (Comp.) ; ὁ θὴρ ὅδ᾽ ἡμῖν π., of Dionysus, Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 436 ; of a horse, gentle, ἀλλήλοις πραότεροι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.1.29 ; of other animals, tame, ἰχθύων μεγάλων καὶ πραέων prev. author “An.” 1.4.9, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 488b22; ζῷα.. πραέα πρὸς τοὺς ἀνθρώπους Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 15.4: proverbial, πραΰτερος μολόχας Epicharmus Comicus 153; also, τόπος ἡμερώτερος καὶ πραότερος Isocrates Orator 9.67.
__3 of actions, feelings, etc., mild, τιμωρίαι πραότεραι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 867b; πραότεραι ἡδοναί prev. work 815e; λόγοι, ἤθη, φύσις, prev. work 888a, 930a, “R.” 375c; ὄσσοισι πρηέσιν δέρκευ “BMus.Inscription” 921b8 (Branchidae, 1st-2nd c.AD) ; τὰ πραέα caresses, Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 9.10 ; πραότερα πάσχειν Pl “Cri.” 49b.
__II making mild, taming, φάρμακον πραῢ τείνων ἀμφὶ γένυι, of a bridle, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 13.85; προκινεῖν αὐτὸν τὸν ἵππον ὡς πραοτάτοις σημείοις Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 9.3.
__III adverb πράως, mildly, gently, πράως πείθειν τινά, φέρειν τι, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 589c, “Cri.” 43b; πράως ἔχειν πρός τι prev. author “Ly.” 211e ; πράως λέγειν τὸ πάθος to speak lightly of it, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.5.14 ; πράως διακεῖσθαι, opposed to ὀργίζεσθαι, Demosthenes Orator 21.183; πράως, μὴ πικρῶς prev. author 18.265 ; in physical sense, gently, Oribasius Medicus “fragment” 134: Comp., πραότερον προδιδάσκειν, κολάζειν, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 489d, “Phd.” 94d ; πραοτέρως (variant{-υτέρως}) ἔχειν τινί Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 17.6.4 : superlative, φέρειν.. ὡς πραότωτα Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 387e : later form πραέως (πράως Ἀττικοί, οὐ πραέως Photius Legal icographus, etc.), “UPZ” 144.6 (2nd c.BC), Diodorus Siculus Historicus 1.36, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 1.13, uncertain in “Comica Adespota” 336.5 (compare πρατίας) , etc.: Ionic dialect πρηέως conjecture in Democritus Epigrammaticus 46 (πράως and πραέως codices) . (Cogn. with Sanskrit prīṇā´ti 'love, give pleasure to', Gothic frijon 'love', frijonds 'friend'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πρᾷος G4235 "zacht, liefelijk, vriendelijk"; Grieks πραΰτης G4240 "zachtmoedigheid, mildheid, vriendelijkheid";

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