G4263 πρόβατον
kleinvee, schaap
Taal: Grieks

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probaton,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πρόβατον, -ου, τό (< προβαίνω), [in LXX chiefly for צֹאן H6629, also for שֶׂה H7716, more rarely for כֶּבֶשׂ H3532 (כֶּשֶׂב H3775), רָחֵל H7353;] 1. in Hom., Hdt., cattle, esp. of small cattle, sheep and goats. 2. In NT, as in Attic writers generally (cf. MM, xxi), a sheep: Mt 7:15, Mk 6:34, al.; πρόβατα σφαγῆς, Ro 8:36(LXX). Metaph. (in cl. of timidity, stupidity or idleness), of the followers of a leader or master, esp. of those who are subject to the care of the Good Shepherd: Mt 10:6 15:24 26:31(LXX), Mk 14:27(LXX), Jo 10:7, 8, 15, 16, 26, 27 21:16, 17 (WH txt., προβάτια), He 13:20; opp. to ἐρίφια, Mt 25:33.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πρόβᾰτον, τό,
  frequently in plural πρόβατα (but also in singular, Cratinus Comicus 43, Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 302a, etc.) ; irregular dative πρόβασι Hdn.Gr. 1.414, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus: — used (among the Ionians and Dorians) of all four-footed cattle, Herodotus Historicus 2.41, etc.; πάντων τῶν π. βόες μάλιστα ἀτονέουσι Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἄρθρων ἐμβολῆς” 8; τὰ ἄλλα π. καὶ ἵππους μάλιστα Herodotus Historicus 4.61, compare Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 316, “IG” 12(1).677.31 (Rhodes, 4th-3rd c.BC) ; of Europa's bull, Simonides Lyricus 28: in Homerus Epicus generally of cattle, flocks and herds, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.124, 23.550, “hymnus ad Mercurium” 571, compare “IG” 12(7).62.35 (Amorgos, 4th c.BC) ; τὰ π. καὶ καρταίποδα “Leg.Gort.” 4.35 ; opposed to ἄνθρωποι, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 558, Herodotus Historicus 1.203 ; τὰ λεπτὰ τῶν π. small cattle, i.e. sheep and goats, prev. work 133, 8.137; τὸ μὲν μέζον π..., τὸ δὲ μεῖον “IG” 5 (2).3.14 (Tegea, 4th c.BC) ; so later, π. ἀπὸ τῶν ἀρνῶν καὶ τῶν ἐρίφων λήψεσθε LXX.Exo.12.5: but in Attic. Prose and Comedy texts (never in Trag.) almost invariably of sheep, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 714, Thucydides Historicus 2.14, “IG” 22.1672.289, etc.; ὥσπερ π. βῆ βῆ λέγων βαδίζει Cratinus Comicus 43 ; so in later Boeotian dialect, “IG” 7.3171.39,44 (Orchom. Boeot.) : generally, animals for slaughter, whether for sacrifices, Herodotus Historicus 6.56 ; or for food, prev. author 1.207; compare Antipho Orator 5.29.
__2 proverbial of stupid, lazy people, ἀριθμός, πρόβατ᾽ ἄλλως Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 1203, compare “V.” 32: Comedy texts Comp., προβάτου προβάτερον more sheepish than a sheep, uncertain conjecture in Sophron Comicus 122 ; χρυσοῦν π., = Latin pecus aurea, as nickname, Dio Cassius Historicus 59.8 : in other proverbs, τοὺς γευομένους κύνας τῶν π. κατακόπτειν φασὶ δεῖν Demosthenes Orator 25.40; λέων ἐν προβάτοις Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Cleomenes” 33, compare Polybius Historicus 5.35.13.
__II name of a sea-fish, Oppianus Anazarbensis Epicus “Halieutica - Poetae Bucolici et Didactici” 1.146, 3.139, Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 9.38 . (Orig. of small cattle, sheep and goats, which in primitive mixed herds walk in front (προβαίνει) of the larger animals.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks προβαίνω G4260 "voorwaarts gaan, voortgaan"; Grieks προβατικός G4262 "behorend bij schapen, schaapspoort";

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