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Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

προσ-φέρω, [in LXX chiefly for קרב H7126 hi.;] 1. to bring to, lead to: c. acc. et dat. pers., Mt 4:24 8:16 9:2, 32 14:35 17:16, Mk 2:4 (WH, R, txt.; sc. αὐτόν) 10:13, Lk 18:15 23:14; pass., Mt 12:22 (act., WH, txt.) 18:24 (προσήχθη, WH) 19:13; c. acc. rei, Mt 25:20; id. c. dat. pers., Mt 22:19, Lk 23:36; τ. στόματι, Jo 19:29; metaph., c. dat pers., to deal with, He 12:7 (cl.). 2. to offer: Mt 2:11, Ac 8:18; esp. (as freq. in LXX; cf. FlJ, Ant., iii, 9, 3) sacrifices, gifts and prayers to God: absol., seq. περί (ὑπέρ), Mk 1:44, Lk 5:14, He 5:1, 3 9:7 10:12; pass., Ac 21:26; c. acc. rei (δῶρον, θυσίαν, λυτρείαν, προσφοράν), Mt 5:23, 24 (aoristic pres.; M, Pr., 247) 8:4, Jo 16:2, Ac 7:42 21:26, He 5:1 8:3, 4 9:7, 9 10:1, 2, 8, 11, 12; δεήσεις τε κ. ἱκετηρίας, He 5:7; c. acc. pers., He 11:17 (conative impf.; M, Pr., 129); of Christ, He 7:27 (ἀνενέγκας, WH, txt.) 9:14, 25, 28.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  (once ποσφέρω, which see), Doric dialect ποτιφέρω Prov. cited in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.239a : future
__A προσοίσω Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 257 : Ionic dialect aorist προσένεικα Herodotus Historicus 3.87 : Ionic dialect aorist passive προσηνείχθην prev. author 9.71 :—bring to or upon, apply to, π. πύργοισι κλιμάκων προσαμβάσεις Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 488; πῦρ σοι prev. author “Andr.” 257 ; μηχανὰς τοῖσι τείχεσι Herodotus Historicus 6.18, compare Thucydides Historicus 2.58 (and so metaph., Herodotus Historicus 6.125 (unless in signification Aeschylus Tragicus 1.2) ; π. νόμον, ψήφισμα πρὸς τὴν συγγραφήν bring to bear against.., Demosthenes Orator 35.39); τὴν χεῖρα πρὸς τοὺς μυκτῆρας Herodotus Historicus 3.87 ; but χέρα τινὶ προσενεγκεῖν lay hands upon.. , Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.36 ; π. τὰς χεῖρας αὐτοῖς, in hostile sense, Polybius Historicus 3.79.4, compare “PCair.Zen.” 18.8 (3rd c.BC), “PPetr.” 2p.10 (3rd c.BC) (but also in a friendly relation, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.6.31 {προσφεύγω}, and in supplication to the gods, hold out one's hands to, “UPZ” 106.12, 107.14 (2nd c.BC)) ; ἀνάγκην or ἀναγκαίην τισὶ π. Herodotus Historicus 7.136, 172, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 76 (Lyric poetry); βίην τισί Herodotus Historicus 3.19; τινὶ βάσανον Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 23a ; so of surgical or medical treatment, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἑλκῶν” 24 ; πταρμὸν τῇ λυγγί Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 189a (passive) . compare 187e; τὰς τομὰς καὶ τὰς καύσεις τινί Dio Cassius Historicus 55.17 ; κλύδωνα σαυτῷ αὐθαίρετον bring upon thyself, “Tragica Adespota” 568 : without dative, apply, employ, use, καινὰ σοφά Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 298, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 1130 (compare below 3); ἴαμα Thucydides Historicus 2.51; τεχνήματα Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 322; πάσας μηχανάς Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 112; πάντας ἐλέγχους Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 484 ; π. τόλμαν bring it to bear, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 10.30; also π. πόλεμον Herodotus Historicus 7.9.γ (variant) ; ἔρωτα Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 187e.
__A.2 add, μηδὲ π. μέθυ Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 481 (or in signification Aeschylus Tragicus 1.3a); εἰ κακὸν προσοίσομεν νέον παλαιῷ Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 78 (or perhaps, bear in addition); π. τι πρός τι Herodotus Historicus 6.125 (or in signification Aeschylus Tragicus 1.1).
__A.3 present, offer, ἄεθλον, of a triumphal ode, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 9.108; λουτρὰ πατρί Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 434 ; τόξα prev. author “Ph.” 775; τὴν δᾷδά τινι Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1052; τὴν χεῖρά τινι ἄκραν prev. author “Lys.” 436; δῶρα Thucydides Historicus 2.97 (Pass.) ; οὐθὲν κολοβὸν προσφέρομεν πρὸς τοὺς θεούς Aristoteles Philosophus “Fragmenta” 101 ; οἶνον μὴ π. “Schwyzer” 696 (from Chios) ; σφάγια καὶ θυσίας LXX.Amos.5.25, al., cf. NT.Heb.11.4; τὸ δῶρόν σου NT.Matt.5.24, etc. +NT
__A.3.b especially of food, drink, or medicine, θαλλὸν χιμαίραις Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 502; π. τὰ ῥυφήματα καὶ τὰ πόματα Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης ὀξέων” 26, compare Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 270b, Plato Comicus 55, Alexander Rhetor 189, etc.; π. τὸ φάρμακον τῇ κεφαλῇ Plato Philosophus “Charmides” 157c ; ἑαυτῷ π φάρμακον administer poison to oneself, “POxy.” 472.6 (2nd c.AD) ; set food before one, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.11.13 and 14, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 792a : with infinitive, π. τινὶ ἐμπιεῖν καὶ φαγεῖν Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.1.1; also διψῶντι γάρ τοι πάντα προσφέρων σοφὰ οὐκ ἂν πλέον τέρψειας ἢ᾽ μπιεῖν διδούς Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 763; χυμὸς ἐπιτήδειος προσφέρειν Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ ἀρχαίης ἰητρικῇς” 24; ὁ προσφέρων prev. author “Epid.” 1.23: —passive, τὰ προσφερόμενα prev. passage, Xenophon Historicus “Cynegeticus” 6.2; ἡ προσφερομένη τροφή Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 230c.
__A.4 address proposals, an offer, etc., π. λόγον τινί Herodotus Historicus 3.134, 5.30, compare 40; περὶ σπονδῶν Thucydides Historicus 3.109; ὅτι.. Demosthenes Orator 48.6; λόγους π. τισί Thucydides Historicus 3.4; λόγους π. περὶ ξυμβάσεως τοῖς στρατηγοῖς prev. author 2.70, compare Herodotus Historicus 8.52; λόγους τισὶ ξυναποστῆναι Thucydides Historicus 1.57.
__A.5 convey property by deed of gift or by bequest, Arch.Papyrus 4.130 (2nd c.AD) :—passive, “PAmh.” 2.71.6 (2nd c.AD).
__A.II contribute, pay, ἑκατὸν τάλαντα π. Herodotus Historicus 3.91, compare Thucydides Historicus 1.138 ; π. μετοίκιον pay an alientax, Xenophon Historicus “de Vectigalibus” 2.1, compare “OGI” 13.20 (Samos, 4th c.BC, Med.), “PGiss.” 50.12 (3rd c.AD) ; bring in, yield, Xenophon Historicus “de Vectigalibus” 4.15, Demosthenes Orator 27.9.
__A.III intransitive, resemble, with accusative of respect in which, π. νόον ἀθανάτοις Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 6.4; θηρὸς χρωτὶ νόον προσφέρων prev. author “fragment” 43; π. τρόπους παιδί “Tragica Adespota” 453; compare below Bacchylides Lyricus 1.5.
__A.IV bear in addition, see above Aeschylus Tragicus 1.2.
__B passive, with future προσοίσομαι Thucydides Historicus 6.44, Demosthenes Orator 48.22: aorist προσηνεγκάμην, ={προσηνέχθην}, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 16.8 :—to be borne towards, and of ships, put in, εἰς λιμένα Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 5.4.6: hence,
__B.2 attack. assault, πρός τινας Herodotus Historicus 5.34, 111, 112, 7.209, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.3.20, etc. ; τινι Herodotus Historicus 5.109, Thucydides Historicus 4.126, etc. ; κατὰ τὸ ἰσχυρότατον προσηνείχθησαν attacked where the enemy was strongest, Herodotus Historicus 9.71, compare 5.101, Thucydides Historicus 7.44, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 422b ; προσφέρεσθαι ἄποροι difficult to engage, Herodotus Historicus 9.49, compare Plato Philosophus “Lysis” 223b.
__B.3 without any sense of hostility, go to or towards, approach, ἐκ τοῦ Ἰκαρίου πελάγεος προσφερόμενοι sailing, Herodotus Historicus 6.96; π. τοῖσι Κορινθίοισι prev. author 8.94 ; τῷ σκοπέλῳ, τῇ Τρῳάδι, Lucianus Sophista “JTr.” 15, “DMort.” 19.2; πόλεμος ἀπὸ Πελοποννήσου -φερόμενος Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pericles” 8 ; τὰ -όμενα πρήγματα matters that were brought to him, Herodotus Historicus 2.173.
__B.4 deal with, behave oneself in a certain way towards a person, ἀπὸ τοῦ ἴσου ὑμῖν π. Thucydides Historicus 1.140; τοῖς κρείσσοσι καλῶς prev. author 5.111, compare Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 7.2.16; τισὶν οὐ μετρίως Demosthenes Orator 9.24, compare “PTeb.” 750.2 (2nd c.BC), “Sammelb.” 5675.6 (2nd c.BC) ; φιλανθρώπως τῇ Ποτειδαία Diodorus Siculus Historicus 16.8, compare “SIG” 807.13 (Magnes Comicus Mae.) ; ὀρθότατα ἵπποις π. Xenophon Historicus “de Equitandi ratione” 1.1; also τίνα τρόπον προσφέρῃ πρὸς τὰ παιδικά Plato Philosophus “Lysis” 205b, compare “Phdr.” 252d; ἄριστα π. πρὸς τοὺς ἀμφισβητοῦντας Demosthenes Orator 48.22 ; also of circumstances, ταῖς ξυμφοραῖς εὐξυνετώτερον meet them with intelligence, Thucydides Historicus 4.18 ; πρὸς τὰ πράγματα ἄριστα π. prev. author 6.44; πρὸς τὰς τύχας Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 604d ; πρὸς λόγον answer it, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.5.44: abs., χρησμῳδέων π. Herodotus Historicus 7.6 ; ὀλιγώρως π. Lysias Orator 9.17.
__B.5 προσφέρεσθαί τινι come near, be like, ὁ χαρακτὴρ τοῦ προσώπου προσφέρεσθαι ἐδόκεε ἐς ἑωυτόν Herodotus Historicus 1.116; compare above Aeschylus Tragicus 111, and see at {προσφερής}.
__B.II to be added, Longinus Rhetor “Prolegomena ad Hephaestionis Euchiridion” p.89C.
__C middle, with future -οίσομαι Philodemus Philosophus “περὶ σημείων καὶ σημειώσεων” 8 : 3rd.pers. singular aorist 1 subjunctive -ενέγκηται Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 3p.64U.: —προσφέρεσθαί τι take, of food or drink, assimilate, π. σῖτον, ποτόν. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.2.41, compare Aeschines Orator 1.145, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 8.4.5, Epicurus Philosophus same place, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Demosthenes” 30, “Cic.” 3, etc.
__C.2 exhibit, ὑμῖν φιλοτιμίαν Epist. Philippus Epigrammaticus cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.167, compare Epicurus Philosophus “Epistulae” 1p.14U., “Inscription Prien.” 42.14, 108.221 (2nd c.BC), etc.; also π. ἑαυτόν prev. work111.294 (1st c.BC).
__C.3 like the active, apply, κἂν ὁτιοῦν δουλείας Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 563d; πᾶσαν σπουδὴν καὶ μηχανήν Polybius Historicus 1.18.11, compare “Supp.epigram” 2.663.5 (Prusa, 2nd c.BC), “PTeb.” 27.14, al. (2nd c.BC).
__C.4 contribute, πλεῖστα πρός τι Athenio Comicus 1.2 (assuming variant) ; bring with one as dowry, εἱματισμὸν καὶ κόσμον “PEleph.” 1.4 (4th c.BC),compare “PGiss.” 2.12 (2nd c.BC), etc. ; comparesupr. Aeschylus Tragicus 11.
__C.5 declare, μὴ εἰδέναι γράμματα “PHamb.” 39.63 (2nd c.AD),compare “POxy.” 237 vii 26 (2nd c.AD), etc.
__C.6 ={προσορίζω}, add land by deed of conveyance, κυρία ἔσται -ομένη πρὸς πόλιν ἣν ἂν βούληται “OGI” 225.10 (Didyma, 3rd c.BC), compare 221.44 (Ilium, 3rd c.BC), al.
__C.7 convey property, π. ἐν προσφορᾷ μέρος οἰκίας “PRyl.” 155.7 (2nd c.AD), etc.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πρός G4314 "ten voordele van, bij, tegen, aan"; Grieks προσφορά G4376 "offeren (het), aanbieden (het), zoenoffer"; Grieks φέρω G5342 "dragen";


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