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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

προ-τίθημι, [in LXX: Ex 40:4, 23, Le 24:8 (ערךְ H6186) Ps 53 (54):3 (שׂוּם H7760), etc.;] 1. to set before, set forth publicly; so also in mid.: c. acc. pers., Ro 3:25 (for a suggested alt. rend., v. MM, xxii). 2. Mid., to set before oneself, propose, purpose: c. inf., Ro 1:13; c. acc. rei, Eph 1:9.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  (also thematic forms, 3rd.pers. singular προτιθεῖ Herodotus Historicus 1.133 , 3rd.pers. plural προτιθεῖσι prev. author 7.197) , future -θήσω Thucydides Historicus 3.67 : aorist προὔθηκα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.409, etc. (for προθέουσι see at {προθέω} (B)): —middle (see. below):—passive, aorist 1 προὐτέθην Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 803, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 90b, etc. ; but present and imperfect passive are usually supplied by πρόκειμαι:—set before, set out, especially of meals, τραπέζας νίζον καὶ πρότιθεν (Epic dialect for προὐτίθεσαν) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.112; βοῦν Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 537; τούτοισι προθεῖναι δαῖτα Herodotus Historicus 1.207, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1294, “Ant.” 775, “Ph.” 274, etc.; ξείνια στρατῷ Herodotus Historicus 7.29 :—middle, set before oneself, have set before one, δαῖτα prev. author 1.133, 4.26; κλίνας καὶ τραπέζας Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.99e ; also προτίθεσθαί τισι ἄριστον cause it to be set before them, Chionides Comicus 7.
__b π. τινὰ κυσίν throw him to the dogs, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.409 ; τινὰ θηρσὶν ἁρπαγὴν π. Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 896.
__c hand over for burial, τινά τινι Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1198, compare 1487.
__2 expose a child, Herodotus Historicus 1.112; π. τινὰ ἔρημον Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 268 :—passive, ὁ θανάτῳ προτεθείς Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 803 (Lyric poetry).
__3 set up, institute, propose, especially of contests, ἅμιλλαν λόγων Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 546; λόγων τοὺς ἀγῶνας Thucydides Historicus 3.67; εἰ πονηρίας ἀγὼν προτεθείη Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 90b ; ἄπορον αἵρεσιν offer a choice, prev. author “Tht.” 196c (but also προτίθεσθαί τινι αἵρεσιν prev. author “Lg.” 858a); π. νόμον Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1046.
__3.b set up as a mark or prize, στέφανόν τισι τῶν ἀγώνων Thucydides Historicus 2.46; σκοπὸν κάλλιστον ἐν τῷ ζῆν Polybius Historicus 7.8.9 :—passive, προὐτέθην ἐγὼ ἆθλον.. δορός Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 42.
__3.c set as a penalty, θάνατον ζημίαν π. Thucydides Historicus 3.44 ; τιμωρίας ἔτι μείζους οὐ μέχρι τοῦ δικαίου prev. work 82; τῶν νόμων τὰ ἔσχατα ἐπιτίμια προτεθηκότων Demosthenes Orator 34.37; τοῖσι ἐκείνου ἀπογόνοισι ἀέθλους τοιούσδε Herodotus Historicus 7.197.
__4 fix, set, ἐς ἑβδομήκοντα ἔτεα οὖρον τῆς ζόης ἀνθρώπῳ π. prev. author 1.32: —middle; οὖρον π. ἐνιαυτόν prev. work 74.
__5 appoint as a task or duty, τινί τι Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1049; νεωτέρῳ τοῦτο βαστάζειν πρόθες prev. author “Ant.” 216 ; δμῳαῖς π. πένθος οἰκεῖον στένειν prev. work 1249, compare Herodotus Historicus 9.94 :—middle, propose to oneself as a task or object, ὅπερ προὐθέμεθα σκέψασθαι Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 259e, “R.” 352d, compare “Sph.” 221a, “Tht.” 169c; π. ψέγειν αὐτὸ ἢ ἐπαινεῖν prev. author “Lg.” 638c, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1142b19 (uncertain), Hipparchus Astronomicus 1.1.6, Lucianus Sophista “Nec.” 19.
__5.b middle, with future infinitive, propose to oneself, intend, προτεθειμένου κατοικήσειν ἐνταῦθα “Syr.D.” 13.256 (Seleucia in Pieria, 2nd c.BC).
__6 middle, also, put forth on one's own part, display, show, εὐλάβειαν Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1334; ἀνδραγαθίαν Thucydides Historicus 3.64; ἔχθραν prev. author 8.85.
__7 middle, θνητοὺς ἐν οἴκτῳ προθέμενος setting before oneself in pity, feeling compassion for, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 241.
__8 advance money, “IPE” 12.32 B 30,63 (Olbia, 3rd c.BC) ; τὸ διδόμενον ἆθλον ὑπὸ τοῦ δήμου αὐτὸς προέθηκεν ἐκ τοῦ ἰδίου “IG” 12(9).234.18 (Eretria, 1st c.BC) ; τισὶν τῶν πολιτῶν εἰς λύτρα προτιθείς “SIG” 708.15 (Istropolis, 2nd c.BC).
__II π. νεκρόν lay out a dead body, let it lie in state, Herodotus Historicus 5.8 :—middle, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 664, “Supp.” 53 (Lyric poetry), Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 611, Thucydides Historicus 2.34, Lysias Orator 12.18, etc.; ποτήρια χρύσεα προθεῖτο Herodotus Historicus 3.148.
__II.2 set out wares for show or sale, Lucianus Sophista “Nigr.” 25, al.
__II.3 display a public notice, τὸ λεύκωμα πρὸ τοῦ ναοῦ “IG” 9(2).1109.35 (Coropa, 2nd c.BC) ; ἐπ᾽ αὐτῆς τῆς οἰκίας π. ἐν λευκώματι “UPZ” 106.20 (2nd c.BC) ; τὸ ὑπογεγραμμένον ἔκθεμα “OGI” 664.4 (Egypt, 1st c.AD),compare “POxy.” 2108.8 (Pass., 3rd c.AD) ; notify publicly, τοὺς προέδρους προτιθέναι περὶ ὧν δεῖ βουλεύεσθαι “IG” 42(1).68.80 (Epid., 4th c.BC) ; περὶ ὧν.. οἱ ἄρχοντες προτίθεισι Ἀρχ.Δελτ.9 παρ.53 (from Eresus),compare “IG” 12(2).526a21 ( prev. passage, 4th c.BC), 645b35 (Nesus, 4th c.BC) ; τὰς πράξεις (exactions).. τῶν προτιθεμένων (passive) κατὰ τὰς ἐγγραφάς Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1321b42 ; call a case for trial by means of a public notice, τῶν κατ᾽ αὐτοὺς προτεθέντων “UPZ” 118.18 (2nd c.BC) ; οἱ προτεθέντες ἐπ᾽ ἐμὲ καὶ μὴ ὑπακούσαντες ἴστωσαν ὅτι.. “PHamb.” 29.6 (1st c.AD) ; advertise for sale or other purpose, “BGU” 992 i 7 (Pass., 2nd c.BC), “PLips.” 64.44 (4th c.AD), etc. ; τοῖς συλλημψομένοις ὑμῖν γέρα προτιθέντα advertising rewards to those of you who apprehend (robbers), “POxy.” 1408.16 (3rd c.AD).
__II.4 propose, bring forward a thing to be examined and debated, also give an opportunity for debate, voting, ἐς μέσον σφι π. πρῆγμα Herodotus Historicus 1.206; π. τὸν λόγον prev. author 8.59; γνώμας σφίσιν αὐτοῖς Thucydides Historicus 1.139 ; π. λόγον (i.e. εἰς ἐκκλησίαν) Aeschines Orator 2.65; λόγον περί τινος Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.2.3 ; γνώμας π. αὖθις Ἀθηναίοις, of the Prytanes, Thucydides Historicus 6.14, compare 3.36 ; π. τὴν διαγνώμην αὖθις περὶ Μυτιληναίων prev. work 42, compare Isocrates Orator 8.15 ; π. βουλὴν εἴτε.. εἴτε.. Dionysius Halicarnassensis 6.15; τὸν ἐπιμήνιον, ἢν μὴ προθῇ, ἑκατὸν στατῆρας ὀφείλειν “SIG” 58.10 (Milet., 5th c.BC), compare 141.12 (Corc. Nigra, 4th c.BC), 167.13 (Mylasa, 4th c.BC), al. ; προθεῖναι αὖθις περὶ Μυτιληναίων λέγειν propose a discussion about.., Thucydides Historicus 3.38; τὸ συμφέρον ἡ πόλις προὐτίθει σκοπεῖν Demosthenes Orator 18.273, etc. ; π. αὐτοῖς κρίσιν appoint a trial for them, Lysias Orator 27.8; π. αὐτοῖς ἀγορὰν δικῶν Lucianus Sophista “Bis Acc.” 4; προέθηκε.. λέγειν τὰ ἑκατέροισι.. κατέργασται has proposed (or initiated) a recital of what each has done, Herodotus Historicus 9.27 : with dative person et infinitive, prev. author 3.38 : with accusative et infinitive, π. γνώμην ἀποφαίνεσθαι τὸν βουλόμενον prev. author 8.49 :—middle, ἤν τις προθῆται ψῆφον, ὥστε μὴ εἶναι τὸν νόμον τοῦτον “SIG” 45.33 (Halic., 5th c.BC): —passive, οὐ προὐτέθη σφίσι λόγος speech was not allowed them, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 1.7.5; ψῆφος περὶ ἡμῶν ὑπὲρ ἀνδραποδισμοῦ προτεθεῖσα Demosthenes Orator 19.65.
__II.5 convene a meeting, προὔθεσαν οἱ πρυτάνεις ἐκκλησίαν Lucianus Sophista “Nec.” 19 :—middle, σύγκλητον τήνδε γερόντων προὔθετο λέσχην Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 161 (anap.).
__III put forward, as one foot before the other, βραδύπουν ἤλυσιν ἄρθρων Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 67 (anap.).
__III.2 hold out as a pretext, αἰτίαν Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1051 :—middle, τὴν συγγένειαν Polybius Historicus 2.19.1, etc.
__IV put before or first, προτιθέντι ἀνάγκη.. λέγειν, opposed to ἐπιλέγοντι, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1394a15, compare b28; π. τοῦ λόγου προοίμιον Plato Philosophus “Leges” 723c ; set down first in writing, προθεὶς ἄρχοντα Νικόμαχόν φησιν οὕτως· ἐπὶ τούτου κτλ.” Didymus Grammaticus in D. 1.19, compare 8.17, al., Galenus Medicus 19.183 :— middle, put in front, τοὺς γροσφομάχους Polybius Historicus 1.33.9 ; premise, λόγον prev. author 3.118.11; τὰς προειρημένας αἰτίας prev. author 4.25.6 :—passive, τὸ μὴ καὶ τὸ οὒ προτιθέμενα τῶν ἐπιόντων ὀνομάτων Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 257c: metaph., Thucydides Historicus 2.42.
__IV.2 put before or over, πρόσθεν ὀμμάτων πέπλον π. Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 1550 :— middle, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1218, etc.
__IV.3 prefer one to another, τί τινος Herodotus Historicus 3.53, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 963; ἡδονὴν ἀντὶ τοῦ καλοῦ prev. author “Hipp.” 382 :—middle, πάρος τοὐμοῦ πόθου προὔθεντο τὴν τυραννίδα Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 419.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πρό G4253 "pro, voor"; Grieks πρόθεσις G4286 "tentoonstellen, laten zien, toonbrood"; Grieks τίθημι G5087 "zetten, plaatsen, leggen, vaststellen";


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