G4392 πρόφασις
voorwendsel, uitvlucht, vertoning
Taal: Grieks

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profasis̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πρό-φασις, -εως, ἡ (< φήμι), [in LXX: Ps 140 (141):4 (עֲלִילָה H5949), Da TH 6:4, 5 (5, 6) (עִלָּה H5931), Pr 18:1, Ho 10:4*;] a pretence, pretext: Mt 23:1 (WM, R, txt., om.), Mk 12:40, Lk 20:47, Jo 15:22, Ac 27:30, Phl 1:18, I Th 2:5.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πρόφᾰσ-ις, εως, ἡ,
  (προφαίνω) motive or cause alleged, whether truly or falsely: then, actual motive or cause, whether alleged or not:
__I alleged motive, plea, without implication of truth or falsity, ἐπὶ σμικρῇ π. Theognis Elegiacus 323; νόστου π. γλυκεροῦ κώλυεν μεῖναι Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.32; κατὰ θεωρίης πρόφασιν ἐκπλώσας Herodotus Historicus 1.29; π. ἔχων, ὡς.. prev. author 6.133 ; καὶ ἐπὶ μεγάλῃ καὶ ἐπὶ βραχείᾳ π. whether the plea put forward be a trifle or a weighty matter, Thucydides Historicus 1.141 ; τῆς αἰτίας τὴν π. the plea in the case, the basis of the charge, Lysias Orator 9.7 ; τοιαύτας ἔχοντες π. καὶ αἰτίας pleas and motives, Thucydides Historicus 3.13 ; π. ἐπιεικής prev. work 9; ἀναγκαῖαι Isaeus Orator 4.20, Demosthenes Orator 54.17 ; προφάσεις ἀληθεῖς λέγοντος pleading what was in fact true, Andocides Orator 4.17.
__I.2 falsely alleged motive (or cause), pretext, pretence, excuse, π. ἰδίης ἀβουλίης an excuse for.., Democritus Epigrammaticus 119; οὔτε τιν᾽ ἔχων π. οὔτε λόγον εὐτράπελον Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 468 (Lyric poetry); καλλίστην εἶναι π., τιμωρεῖσθαι μὲν δοκεῖν, ἔργῳ δὲ χρηματίζεσθαι Lysias Orator 12.6: abs. in acc., πρόφασιν in pretence, ostensibly, στενάχοντο γυναῖκες Πάτροκλον π., σφῶν δ᾽ αὐτῶν κήδε᾽ ἑκάστη Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.302, compare Herodotus Historicus 5.33, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 362 (troch.), Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 466, etc. ; opposed to τὸ ἀληθές, Thucydides Historicus 6.33: in dat., προφάσει prev. author 3.86 ; προφάσει τῶν δημοσίων on the pretence that public debts are owing, “OGI” 669.15 (Egypt, 1st c.AD) ; προφάσιος εἵνεκεν, προφάσεως ἕνεκα, Herodotus Historicus 4.135, Antipho Orator 6.14; προφάσεως χάριν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1297a14 ; ἐκ μικρᾶς π. Polybius Historicus 2.17.3; ἐπὶ προφάσιος Herodotus Historicus 7.150: followed by an infinitive, αὕτη γὰρ ἦν σοι π. ἐκβαλεῖν ἐμέ for casting me out, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1034; οὔτε.. ἔστιν οὐδεμία π. τοῦ μὴ δρᾶν Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 20c ; π. τοῖς δειλοῖς ἔχει μὴ ἰέναι gives them an excuse or plea for not going, prev. author “R.” 469c; οὐδεμία σοι π. ἐστιν ὡς.. Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.2.15 ; εὑρὼν π. “BGU” 1024 vi 21 (4th c.AD).
__I.2.b phrases, πρόφασιν διδόναι, ἐνδοῦναι, allow, afford an excuse, Demosthenes Orator 43.53, 18.158; οὐκ ἐνδώσομεν π. οὐδενὶ κακῷ γενέσθαι Thucydides Historicus 2.87 ; π. μηδεμίαν θέμενος making no excuse, Theognis Elegiacus 364 ; π. προτεῖναι put forward a pretext, Herodotus Historicus 1.156; π. τὴν Παυσανίεω ὕβριν προϊσχόμενοι prev. author 8.3; προφάσεις παρέχειν Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 581, compare Demosthenes Orator 10.35, 18.156 ; προφάσιας εἷλκον kept making pretences, Herodotus Historicus 6.86; πάσας π. ἕλκουσιν Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 726; π. δέχεσθαι Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 421d (compare ἀγών 111.5); π. εὑρίσκειν τοῦ ἀδικήματος Antipho Orator 5.65; π. καλῶς εὑρημένη Archippus Comicus 36; ἔχθρας π. ζητήσουσιν Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 234a, compare “PCair.Zen.” 270.9 (3rd c.BC) ; π. τινὰ πρεσβείας πορισάμενοι Plato Philosophus “Epistulae” 350a; π. κατασκευάσαι Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.4.17 ; ἔχει προφάσεις it is excusable, prev. work 3.1.27; πρόφασιν ταύτην τῆς διαφορᾶς ποιούμενος Plato Philosophus “Epistulae” 349d; προφάσεις εὐλόγους εἰλήφεσαν Demosthenes Orator 18.152; ἐχόμενος προφάσιος Herodotus Historicus 6.94; ἐπιλαβέσθαι prev. author 3.36, 6.49; τὰς π. ἀφελεῖν Demosthenes Orator 2.27; προφάσεως δεῖσθαι Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1373a3: personified, τὰν Ἐπιμαθέος ὀψινόου θυγατέρα Π. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.28.
__I.2.c elliptically, μή μοι πρόφασιν no excuse, no shuffling, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 345; μὴ προφάσεις ἐνταῦθά μοι Alexander Rhetor 127.1.
__II the actual motive, purpose, or cause, whether alleged or not, οὔτ᾽ εὐνῆς πρόφασιν κεχρημένος οὔτε τευ ἄλλου Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.262; ἐπ᾽ αὐτομολίας προφάσει ἀπέρχονται Thucydides Historicus 7.13 ; τὸ ἐκ προφάσεως τῶν.. στρατιωτῶν δηληγατευθὲν μέτρον ἐλαίου for the purpose of.., “PLips.” 64.2, compare 8 (4th c.AD) ; τὴν ἀληθεστάτην π., ἀφανεστάτην δὲ λόγῳ Thucydides Historicus 1.23, compare 6.6, Demosthenes Orator 18.156, “SIG” 888.138 (Scaptopara, 3rd c.AD, pl.) : especially as a medical technical term, external exciting cause, ἐκ πάσης π. ἐκτιτρώσκουσι they miscarry on any provocation, Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 3.12, compare “Epid.” 3.3, 3.17.ιά, “Acut.(Sp.”) 6; τοὺς δ᾽ ἄλλους ἀπ᾽ οὐδεμιᾶς π... τῆς κεφαλῆς θέρμαι.. ἐλάμβανε Thucydides Historicus 2.49: pl., Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 16, “Fract.” 15, al. : generally, cause, σμικρὰ π. ἔξωθεν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 556e ; βραχεῖα π. Hippocrates Medicus “Κωακαὶ προγνώσιες” 477; ἀπὸ μηδεμιᾶς π. ἔξωθεν ἀξιολόγου Diocl.fragment 82 ; φανερὴ π. Hippocrates Medicus “ἀφορισμοί” 2.41, compare Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.4.33; ἐπεὶ δέ οἱ ἔδεε κακῶς γενέσθαι, ἐγένετο ἀπὸ προφάσιος τὴν ἐγὼ.. ἀπηγήσομαι Herodotus Historicus 2.161, compare 4.145, 7.230; ἄνθρωπός εἰμι, τοῦτο δ᾽ αὐτὸ τῷ βίῳ π. μεγίστην εἰς τὸ λυπεῖσθαι φέρει Diphilus Comicus 106, compare Menander Comicus 230, 811, Philemo Comicus 194 ; βραχείας προφάσεως ἔδει μόνον ἐφ᾽ ᾗ.. δεξόμεθα.. it needed but a little to move us to.., Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 1180.
__II.2 occasion, θοἰμάτιον δεικνὺς τοδὶ πρόφασιν ἔφασκον, ὦ γύναι, λίαν σπαθᾷς I said à propos,.. I took occasion to say.., Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 55 ; ἐπὶ τῇ ἐμῇ π. à propos of me, Lysias Orator 6.19 ; ἐπὶ τῇ π. τῆς ἐμαυτοῦ ἀρχῆς on the occasion of my accession, “PFay.” 20.11 (3rd-4th c.AD).
__III persuasion, suggestion, uncertain reading in Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 662 (Lyric poetry).
__IV preface, τὰς σημειώσεις ὑπὸ μίαν ἐκθησόμεθα π. Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus “Ther.” 3.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πρό G4253 "pro, voor"; Grieks φαίνω G5316 "schijnen, verlichten, verschijnen, licht werpen";

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