G4417_πταίω
struikelen, dwalen, zondigen
Taal: Grieks

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ptaio̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πταίω, [in LXX chiefly for נגף H5062 ni.;] 1. trans., to cause to stumble (I Ki 4:3, cf. Deiss., BS, 681). 2. Intrans., to stumble. Metaph., in moral sense, Ro 11:11, Ja 2:10 3:2, II Pe 1:10.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πταίω,
   Thucydides Historicus 1.122, etc. : future πταίσω Demosthenes Orator 2.20 : aorist ἔπταισα Herodotus Historicus 9.101, etc. : perfect ἔπταικα Menander Comicus 675, Bato Comicus 1, Polybius Historicus 3.48.4, (προσ-) Isocrates Orator 6.82: — passive, see #1:
__I transitive, cause to stumble or fall, σύνθεσιν ποτὶ ψεύδει Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 205, cf. LXX.1Ki.4.3 +5th c.BC+:—passive, to be missed, of things, Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 2.15 ; τὰ πταισθέντα failures, errors, Lucianus Sophista “Demon.” 7 ; ἃ ἐπταίσθη his failures, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Comp. Dion.Brut.” 3.
__II intransitive, stumble, trip, fall, π. πρός τινι stumble against, fall over, π., ὥσπερ πρὸς ἕρματι, πρὸς τῇ πόλει Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 553b, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 926, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 7.26 ; πρὸς τὰς πέτρας conjecture in Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.2.3; proverbial, μὴ δὶς πρὸς τὸν αὐτὸν λίθον πταίειν Polybius Historicus 31.11.5 ; also π. περί τινι, μὴ περὶ Μαρδονίῳ πταίσῃ ἡ Ἑλλάς lest Hellas should get a fall over him, i.e. be defeated by him, Herodotus Historicus 9.101.
__II.2 metaphorically, make a false step or mistake, Thucydides Historicus 2.43, Demosthenes Orator 2.20, Menander Comicus 672, etc. ; ἐὰν πταίωσί τι when they make a blunder, of medical men, Philemo Comicus 75.5 ; οὐκ ἐλάττω, ἐλάχιστα, τὰ πλείω π., Thucydides Historicus 1.122, 4.18, 6.33; ἔν τισι Demosthenes Orator 18.286; λογισμοῖς Menander Comicus 380 ; τῇ μάχῃ, τοῖς ὅλοις, τοῖς πράγμασι, etc., Polybius Historicus 18.14.13, 3.48.4, 1.10.1, etc.; ἀψευδὴς ὢν καὶ μὴ π. τῇ διανοίᾳ περὶ τὰ ὄντα Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 160d; also π. ὑπ᾽ ἀνάγκας Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 215 (Lyric poetry); ὑπό τινος π. τῇ πατρίδι Polybius Historicus 5.93.2; ἐκ τύχης prev. author 2.7.3.
__II.3 π. τῆς ἐλπίδος to be baulked of.. , Herodianus Grammaticus 8.5.1.
__II.4 ἡ γλῶττα π. stutters, Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 875b19.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἄπταιστος G679 "vrij van vallen, stevig staande"; Grieks πίπτω G4098 "vallen (van of op)";

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