G4439 πύλη
poort, poortdeur
Taal: Grieks

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pyli̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

πύλη, -ης, ἡ, [in LXX chiefly and very freq. for שַׁעַר H8179 sometimes for דֶּלֶת H1817, פֶּתַח H6607;] a gate: Lk 7:12, Ac 9:24 12:10 16:13, He 13:12; ἡ Ὡραία Π. τ. ἱεροῦ, Ac 3:10. Metaph., Mt 7:13, 14; πύλαι ᾅδου (Wi 16:13, III Mac 5:51, and cf. κλεῖς ᾅδου, Re 1:18): Mt 16:18.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

πύλη ῠ, ἡ,
  properly one wing of a pair of double gates, ὀλίγον τι παρακλίναντες τὴν ἑτέρην π. Herodotus Historicus 3.156 : mostly in plural, gates of a town (whereas θύρα = house-door), Σκαιαὶ π. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.145, etc.; π. εὖ ἀραρυίας 7.339; πύκα στιβαρῶς ἀραρυίας 12.454; πεπταμένας ἐν χερσὶ π. ἔχετε 21.531 ; ἄνεσάν τε π. καὶ ἀπῶσαν ὀχῆας prev. work 537; π. ἀνοῖξαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 604; π. κλῇσαι Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 560c (the Art. is frequently omitted even in Prose) : plural of several gates, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 125 ; ἐν πύλαις in or at the gates, prev. work 160, 213 (both Lyric poetry), al.; πρὸς πύλαις prev. work 377, 457 ; ἐπὶ ταῖς πύλαισιν, οὗ τὸ τάριχος ὤνιον Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1247.
__2 in Trag. sometimes of the house-door, δωμάτων πύλαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 732, compare 561 ; γυναικείους π. gate or door leading to the women's apartments, prev. work 878; πύλαις διπλαῖς ἐνήλατο Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1261; ἐκτὸς αὐλείων πυλῶν prev. author “Ant.” 18 : also in singular, prev. work 1186, “El.” 818 ; of the door of a tent, prev. author “Aj.” 11; πύλης ἄναξ θυρωρέ prev. author “fragment” 775.
__3 πύλαι Ἀΐδαο the gates of the nether world, periphrasticfor hell, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.646, 9.312, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 14.156; Ἅιδου πύλαι Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1291, cf. NT.Matt.16.18, etc.; also σκότου πύλαι Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 1; νερτέρων π. prev. author “Hipp.” 1447.
__4 custom-house, PTeb. 5.34 (2nd c.BC) ; τετελώνηται διὰ πύλης has paid the customs, “BGU” 1592 (3rd c.AD), etc. ; τὸ σύμβολον τῆς ἱερᾶς Συηνιτικῆς π. “PStrassb.” 79.10 (1st c.BC) ; μισθωταὶ ἱερᾶς π. Σοήνης “Ostr.” 106 (2nd c.AD), al.,compare “Ostr.Bodl.” see C 1 (2nd c.AD),
__II generally, entrance, orifice, ἀμφὶ πύλας ἰσθμοῖο Empedocles Poeta Philosophus 100.19; ἀναπεπταμένας ἔχω τῶν ὤτων τὰς π. Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 4.169a; πύλας τοῖς ὠσὶν ἐπίθεσθε Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 218b ; ἡλίου πύλαι, Pythagoras Philosophus name for the eyes, 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 8.29 ; portal fissure of the liver, π. καὶ δοχαὶ χολῆς Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 828, compare Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 2.4.1, “Anatomy texts” 1, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 71c, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 496b32, Galenus Medicus 15.145 ; portal vein of the liver, Rufus Medicus “περὶ ὀνομασίας” 179, Galenus Medicus 2.785,5.542.
__II.b plural, of the carceres in the circus, Aristides Rhetor 1.124J.
__II.c metaphorically, πύλας ὕμνων ἀναπιτνάμεν Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 6.27; ἐπέων π. Bacchylides Lyricus “fragment” 4; ἐν πύλαις γήρως Dio Cassius Historicus 57.24, compare 76.7.
__II.2 entrance into a country through mountains, pass, Herodotus Historicus 5.52: hence, Πύλαι, αἱ, the common name for Θερμοπύλαι , the Gates of Greece, prev. author 7.201, etc. : of other passes, π. τῆς Κιλικίας καὶ τῆς Συρίας Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.4.4; αἱ Σύριαι π. prev. work 5 ; αἱ Κάσπιαι π. 1st cStrabo Geographus 11.12.1; π. Λύδιαι prev. author 13.1.65 ; Ἀμανίδες π. prev. author 14.5.18, 16.2.8 (αἱ Ἀμανικαὶ καλούμεναι Arrianus Historicus “Anabasis” 2.7.1) : these passes were sometimes really barred by gates, Herodotus Historicus 7.176, compare 3.117, 5.52, Xenophon Historicus same place: the Isthmus is called πόντοιο πύλαι, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 10.27; Κορίνθου π. prev. author “O.” 9.86; αἱ π. τῆς Πελοποννήσου Xenophon Historicus “Agesilaus” 2.17 ; Πέλοπος νάσου θεόδματοι π . B. p.437 Josephus Historicus
__II.3 of narrow straits, by which one enters a broad sea, Πύλαι Γαδειρίδες the “Straits” of Gibraltar, Pindarus Lyricus “Fragmenta.” 256 ; ἐπ᾽ αὐταῖς στενοπόροις λίμνης π., of the Thracian Bosporus, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 729 ; ἐν πύλαις, of the Euripus, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 803.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πυλών G4440 "portaal, voorhal, poortgebouw";

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