G4491 ῥίζα
wortel, spruit, scheut, loot, uitloper
Taal: Grieks

Statistieken

Komt 17x voor in 7 Bijbelboeken.

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Woordstudie

riza, zn. vrl., TDNT 6:985,985


1) wortel (Mat. 3:10; 13:6; Mark. 4:6; 11:20; Homer, Odyssey, 10.304; 23.196); 2) metaforisch τὸν πόλεμον ἐκ ῥιζῶν ἀνῄρηκε "wortel en tak" (Plutarch, Pompey, 21); ἐκ ῥιζῶν ἀπώλεσεν "de wortelen vernietigd" (LXX Job 31:12); wortel van alle kwaad (1 Tim. 6:10); 3) symbolisch Wortel van David in de zin van "afstammeling van David" (Openbaring 5:5; 22:16)


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ῥίζα, -ης, ἡ [in LXX chiefly for שָׁרַשׁ H8327 ;] a root: Mt 3:10, Lk 3:9; ἐκ ῥιζῶν, Mk 11:20; ῥ. ἔχειν, Mt 13:6, Mk 4:6; id. seq. ἐν ἑαυτῷ, fig., Mt 13:21, Mk 4:17, Lk 8:13. Metaph. (as in various senses in cl.), of cause, origin, source, etc.; (a) of things, ῥ. πάντων τ. κακῶν (Eur.), I Ti 6:10; (b) of persons: of ancestors, Ro 11:16-18; ῥ. πικρίας, He 12:15. Of that which springs from a root, a shoot; metaph., of offspring, Ro 15:12 (LXX), Re 5:5 22:16.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ῥίζ-α, ης, ἡ:
  Ionic dialect nominative ῥίζη Hippocrates Medicus cited in Erotianus Grammaticus, acc. ῥίζην Marcellus Sidetes Poeta Medicus 89 (before a vowel), but ῥίζαν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.846 (whence Ion. nom. ῥίζα may be inferred) :—root, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.304, 23.196, etc. ; used as a medicine, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.846 ; ῥ. ἐλατήριος, of a purgative medicine, Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 5.34 : mostly in plural, roots, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.134, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 12.435, etc.; δένδρεα μακρὰ αὐτῇσιν ῥίζησι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.542: hence
__2 metaphorically, roots of the eye, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.390 (but ῥίζας ἐν ὄσσοις αἱματῶπας in Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 933 probably bloodshot streaks); the roots or foundations of the earth, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 19; χθόνα.. αὐταῖς ῥ. πνεῦμα κραδαίνοι Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1047 (anap.); ἰπούμενος ῥίζαισιν Αἰτναίαις ὕπο prev. work 367 ; of feathers, hair, etc., Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 251b, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 518b14 ; of the teeth, prev. author “GA” 789a13; γαστρὸς ῥ. ὀμφαλός prev. author “HA” 493a18, etc.
__3 τὸν πόλεμον ἐκ ῥιζῶν ἀνῄρηκε 'root and branch', Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Pompeius” 21, compare Heraclides Historicus Pont. cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 12.523f; ἐκ ῥιζῶν ἀπώλεσεν LXX.Job.31.12 +1st c.AD+; compare ῥιζόθεν, πρόρριζος.
__II that from which anything springs as from a root, ῥίζαν ἀπείρου τρίταν a third continental foundation, of Libya, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.8 ; ἀστέων ῥ., of Cyrene, as the root or original of the Cyrenaic Pentapolis, prev. work 4.15 ; root or stock from which a family springs, ῥ. σπέρματος prev. author “O.” 2.46, compare “I.” 8(7).61, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 966, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1178, etc. ; so, race, family, Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 755 (Lyric poetry), Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 610, “OGI” 383.31 (Nemrud Dagh, 2nd c.BC), etc. ; συκοφάντου.. σπέρμα καὶ ῥ. Demosthenes Orator 25.48 ; sect, party, Julianus Imperator “contra Galilaeos” 106e; also ῥ. κακῶν Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 912.11 (anap.); ἀρχὴ καὶ ῥ. παντὸς ἀγαθοῦ Epicurus Philosophus “Fragmenta” 409, cf. NT.1Tim.6.10; πηγὴ καὶ ῥ. καλοκἀγαθίας Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.4c; ἀρχαὶ καὶ ῥ. γῆς καὶ θαλάττης Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 353b1, etc.; compare ῥίζωμα 11.
__II.2 base, foundation, ῥ. πάντων καὶ βάσις ἁ γᾶ ἐρήρεισται Ti. Locrian dialect 97e,compare Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 81c ; base of a vertical pillar, Proclus Philosophus “Hypotyposis astronomicarum positionum” 3.23; τῶν λόφων Onosander (Onasander) Tacticus 10.6.
__II.3 in Mathematics texts, root or base of a series, Anatolius cited in “Theologumena Arithmeticae” 9 . (Aeolic dialect βρίζα (which see): cf. Gothic waúrts, Latin radix.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ῥιζόω G4492 "wortelen (doen), grondvesten, stichten";

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