bende, cohort (militair), manipel,
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

** σπείρα, -ης (on this form of gen., v. M, Pr., 38, 48; Bl., § 7, 1; Mayser, 12; Deiss., BS, 186), [in LXX: Jth 14:11, II Mac 8:23 Mac 12:20, 22 * ;] 1. (= Lat. spira) anything or rolled up, a coil. 2. As a military term used (by Polyb. and later writers) of a body of soldiers, a maniple (third part of a cohort) or cohort (v. Swete, Mk., 375; Westc., Jo., 251 f.): Mt 27:27, Mk 15:16, Jo 18:3, 12, Ac 10:1 21:31 27:1.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

σπεῖρα, ἡ,
  anything twisted or wound, ποιεῖν τι οἷον σπεῖραν twist it into a ball, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ νούσων” 2.33.
__2 plural, coils or spires of a serpent, Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 535 (anap.), Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 500 ; πολύπλοκοι σ. Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 481, compare “Ion” 1164 : so in singular, Nicander Epicus “Theriaca” 156, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.151, Aratus Epicus 47, 89, etc.
__3 rope, cord, Nicander Epicus “fragment” 74.21, f.l. in Hippocrates Medicus “Steril.” 235 ; σπείραισι δικτυοκλώστοις with the net's meshy folds, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 346 (Lyric poetry) ; ship's cable, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.507b ; padded circle used by women carrying weights on their head, Aëtius Medicus 12.55 ; so by Atlas, Apollodorus Damascenus Mechanicus 2.5.11 ; as a lamp-stand, ἀρτεμισίας σ. ἐπὶ τὸν λύχνον “PMag.Lond.” 121.601 (compare σπειρίον 111) ; round cushion, Inscriptiones Graecae 5(1).1390.24 (Andania, 1st c.BC).
__4 a mode of dressing the hair, 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 2.31, 4.149.
__5 σ. βόειαι thongs or straps of ox-hide to guard and arm a boxer's fist, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 22.80.
__6 knot or curl in wood, Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 5.2.3, Plinius Rerum Naturalium Scriptor “Historia Naturalis” 16.198.
__7 a kind of cheesecake (al. σπῖρα), Chrysipp. Tyan. cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 14.647d.
__8 rounded moulding in the base of an Ionic or Corinthian column, torus, Inscriptiones Graecae 12.372.64, “Sardis” 7(1) No.181 (1st c.AD), “CIG” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” “Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum” 2713-14 (from Labranda), 2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 7.121, Vitruvius Scriptor de Architectura Latinus 3.5.3.
__9 Geometry texts, anchor-ring, tore, produced by revolution of a circle about a line in its plane but not passing through the centre, 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Hero Mechanicus “*Deff.” 97, Proclus Philosophus “in primum Euclidis librum commentarius” p.119 F.
__II Milit., tactical unit, in the Ptolemaic army, “BGU” 1806.4 (1st c.BC) ; used to translate the Roman manipulus, Polybius Historicus 11.23.1, al., 1st cStrabo Geographus 12.3.18, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Aemilius Paulus” 17 ; κατὰ σπείρας,= Latin manipulatim, Polybius Historicus 3.115.12 ; later, cohort, NT.Acts.10.1, Josephus Historicus “Bellum Judaicum” 3.4.2, “IGRom.” 1.10 (from Massilia), 1373 (from Egypt), al., “OGI” 208.2 (Nubia, 2nd c.AD), al. (gen. in this sense always σπείρης, NT.Act. same place, “POxy.” 477.3 (2nd c.AD), “BGU” 73 (2nd c.AD), “OGI” same place, etc.).
__II.2 ={θίασος}, religious college or guild, genitive σπείρης “IG” 14.925 (Portus Trajani); dat. σπείρῃ prev. work977 (from Rome), “Inscription Perg.” 319,320; nom. σπεῖρα “AEM” 14.28 (from Roumania) ; Latin spira, “CIL” 6.261 (from Rome), al. (compare σπειράρχης).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks αἱρέομαι G138 "kiezen, voorkeur geven aan"; Grieks εἱλίσσω G1507 "oprollen, inwikkelen";


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