G4690 σπέρμα
sperma, zaad
Taal: Grieks

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Sperma, zaad,

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sperma,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

σπέρμα, -τος, τό (< σπείρω) [in LXX chiefly for זֶרַע H2233 ;] seed; (a) of plants: Mt 13:24, 27 37, 38, II Co 9:10; pl., Mt 13:32, Mk 4:31, I Co 15:33; metaph., of an escaping remnant (שָׂרִיד H8300, Is 1:9; cf. Wi 14:6; Plat., Tim., 23 c; FlJ, Ant., xi, 5, 3), Ro 9:29; (b) of men (as γονή; Lat. semen genitale; so in cl.; cf. in LXX, Le 15:16, al.): He 11:11; metaph., of the divine influence, I Jn 3:9; by meton. (as freq. in poets), seed, offspring, posterity: Mt 22:24, 25, Mk 12:19-22, Lk 1:55 20:28 (LXX) Jo 7:42 8:33, 37 Ac 3:25 7:5, 6 13:23, Ro 1:3 4:13, 18 9:7, 8 11:1, II Co 11:22, Ga 3:16, 19, II Ti 2:8, He 2:16 11:18; pl. (FlJ, Ant., viii, 7, 6; Plat., Leg., ix, 853 c; IV Mac 18:1; in Ga, l.c., contrasted with sing., v. Lft., in l; Milligan, NTD, 105 f.), Ga 3:16; of spiritual offspring, Ro 4:16, 18 9:8, Ga 3:29, Re 12:17.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

σπέρμ-α, ατος, τό,
  (σπείρω) seed, only once in Homerus Epicus, in metaph. sense, see below 1.2:
__I mostly, seed of plants, σ. ἀνιέναι, κρύπτειν, “hymnus ad Cererem” 307, compare Herodotus Historicus 3.97: pl., Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 446 ; σ. τῇ γῇ διδόναι, ἐμβαλεῖν, Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 17.8, 10: proverbial, εἰς πέλαγος σ. βαλεῖν “epigram Gr.” 1038.8 (from Pamphylia) ; of fruit, Antiphanes Comicus 58.4 ; τοῖς γαίης σπέρμασι with the products of earth, of corn-stalks, “Anthologia Graeca” 9.89 (Philippus Epigrammaticus).
__I.2 metaphorically, germ, origin of anything, σ. πυρός Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.490; φλογός Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.48, compare “P.” 3.37 ; σπέρματα, ={στοιχεῖα}, elements, Anaxagoras Philosophus 4, compare Epicurus Philosophus Ep.2p.38 U., “fragment” 250; ὁ τὸ σπέρμα παρασχών, οὗτος τῶν φύντων αἴτιος Demosthenes Orator 18.159; συκοφάντου σ. καὶ ῥίζαν οἴεται δεῖν ὑπάρχειν τῇ πόλει prev. author 25.48; σ. τῆς στάσεως Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Marius” 10; τοῦ ὅρκου Longinus Rhetor 16.3.
__I.3 seed-time, sowing, Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 781.
__II of animals, seed, semen, φέροισα σ. θεοῦ pregnant by the god, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.15 ; but σ. φέρειν Ἡρακλέους to be pregnant of Heracles, prev. author “N.” 10.17; μυελὸν.. εἰς σ. καὶ γόνον μερίζεσθαι Timaeus Locrus Philosophus 100b, compare Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 86c; σ. παραλαβεῖν Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 553; σπέρματος πλῆσαι Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Lycurgus” 15: pl., κατ᾽ ἀμφότερα τὰ σ. θεῶν ἀπόγονος Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιστολαί” 2.
__II.2 race, origin, descent, τοὐμὸν.. σπέρμ᾽ ἰδεῖν βουλήσομαι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1077 ; τίνος εἶ σπέρματος πατρόθε; prev. author “OC” 214 (Lyric poetry); γένεθλον σπέρμα τ᾽ Ἀργεῖον Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 290, compare “Ch.” 236; σ. ἄντασ᾽ Ἐρεχθειδᾶν Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 981 (Lyric poetry), compare Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 7.93, etc.
__II.3 frequently in Poets, seed, offspring, τὸ βρότειον σ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 399; σ. Πελοπιδῶν prev. author “Ch.” 503 ; σ. τοῦ Ἀβραάμ NT.Luke.1.55, etc.; sometimes of a single person, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 9.61, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 705, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 364, Oracle texts cited in Thucydides Historicus 5.16, LXX.Gen.4.25, etc.: pl., Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 803, 909, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1246, “OC” 600, NT.Gal.3.16; once in Plato Philosophus, ἀνθρώπων σπέρμασι νουθετοῦμεν “Lg.” 853c.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks σπείρω G4687 "zaaien, zaad verspreiden, uitstrooien"; Grieks σπερμολόγος G4691 "zaad of graan pikkend";

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