G4692 σπεύδω
zich haasten, vurig verlangen
Taal: Grieks

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speydo̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

σπεύδω [in LXX chiefly for מהר H4116 pi., also for בּהל H926 pi., hi., etc. ;] 1. most freq. intrans., to hasten: c. inf. (as freq. in cl.), Ac 20:16; ptcp. c. indic., Lk 2:16; c. imperat., Lk 19:5, 6; σπεῦσον κ. ἔξελθε, Ac 22:18 2. Trans., c. acc; (a) to hasten, urge on, accelerate (as Hom., Od., xix, 137; Eur., Med., 152; Si 33(36):8): II Pe 3:12, R, mg. (cf. Mayor and ICC, in l., but v. infr.); (b) to desire eagerly (Pind., Pyth., iii, 110; Eur., Suppl., 161; Is 16:5): II Pe, l.c., R, txt. (but v. supr.).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

σπεύδω,
  Epic dialect infinitive σπευδέμεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.324 : future σπεύσω Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 153 (Lyric poetry), Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 926, etc.; Cretan dialect σπευσίω “SIG” 527.42 (3rd c.BC) : aorist ἔσπευσα Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 161, Plato Philosophus “Crito” 45c, etc. ; Epic dialect σπεῦσα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.250 ; subjunctive σπεύσομεν, for -ωμεν, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.121 : perfect ἔσπευκα “Annuario” 8 /9.375 (Perga, 2nd c.BC), Pausanias Periegeta 7.15.11 :—middle, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 151 (Lyric poetry) : future σπεύσομαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.402 :— passive, perfect ἔσπευσμαι Lucianus Sophista “Am.” 33, Galenus Medicus 12.895.
__I transitive, set going, urge on, hasten, ταῦτα δ᾽ ἅμα χρὴ σπεύδειν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.236; οἱ δὲ γάμον σπεύδουσιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.137, compare Herodotus Historicus 1.38 ; παῦσαι σπεύδων τὰ σπεύδεις prev. work 206; σ. ἀθλίαν ὁδόν Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1226 ; σ. οἱ μὲν ἴγδιν, οἱ δὲ σίλφιον, οἱ δ᾽ ὄξος procure quickly, get ready, Solon Lyricus 39; κλίμακας Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 1352 ; σπευσίω ὅτι κα δύναμαι κακὸν τᾷ πόλει “SIG” prev. cited (in Herodotus Historicus 8.46, Δημοκρίτου σπεύσαντος, an acc. must be supplied).
__I.b seek eagerly, strive after, μηδὲν ἄγαν σ. Theognis Elegiacus 335, 401 ; σ. βίον ἀθάνατον, μακροτέραν ἀρετάν, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 3.62, “I.” 4(3).13(31); εὐψυχίαν ἀντ᾽ εὐβουλίας Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 161; τὴν ἡγεμονίαν Thucydides Historicus 5.16; χάριν Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 1175; πόλεμον τέκνοις prev. author “HF” 1133.
__I.c promote or further zealously, press or urge on, τι τῶν φέρει φρήν Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 599 (Lyric poetry); τὸ σὸν σ. ἅμα καὶ τοὐμόν Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 251; τὸ σὸν ἀγαθόν Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 120 (Lyric poetry) ; τὸ ἐφ᾽ ἑαυτὸν ἕκαστος σ. Thucydides Historicus 1.141; σ. ἀσπούδαστ᾽ ἐπὶ σοὶ δαίμων Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 201 (Lyric poetry) ; τὰ ἐναντία τῇ ἑαυτῶν ὠφελείᾳ σ. Andocides Orator 2.2 ; in arguing, σεαυτῷ τὰ ἐναντία σ. Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 361a ; σ. τοῦτο, ὅπως.. prev. author “Lg.” 687e; μὴ σπεῦδ᾽ ἃ μὴ δεῖ, μηδ᾽ ἃ δεῖ σπεύδειν μένε Menander Comicus “Μονόστιχοι - Fragmenta Comicorum Graecorum” 344: with dat., οἱ Χαιρέᾳ σπεύδοντες the partisans of Chaereas, 2nd c.AD(?): Charito Scriptor Eroticus 6.1: ἐς τὰ Ἑλλήνων σ. Philostratus Sophista “Vita Apollonii” 5.8 : followed by a conjunctive, εἰς τοὺς πλουσίους σπεύσω σ᾽ ὅπως ἂν ἐγγραφῇς Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 926 :—middle, σπευδομένα θυσίαν Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 151 (Lyric poetry) : —passive, ξυνὸν πᾶσι ἀγαθὸν σπεύδεται Herodotus Historicus 7.53 ; ἐσπευσμέναι χρεῖαι pressing needs, Lucianus Sophista “Am.” 33.
__I.2 with accusative et infinitive, σπεύσατε.. Τεῦκρον ἐν τάχει μολεῖν urge him to come quickly, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 804 ; σπεῦσον.. κάπετόν τιν᾽ ἰδεῖν hasten to look out for.., prev. work 1165 (anap.).
__II more frequently intransitive, press on, hasten. διὰ δρυμὰ πυκνὰ καὶ ὕλην σπεύδουσ᾽ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.119, compare 8.191, 23.414, Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 228 ; σ. ἀπὸ ῥυτῆρος with loose rein, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 900; δρόμῳ Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1556; πεζῇ Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.4.49, etc. ; exert oneself, strive eagerly or anxiously, of warriors fighting, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.232, compare 8.293, etc. ; of a smith at work, 18.373 ; of beasts of draught, 17.745 ; of bees working, Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 597: proverbial, ὅταν σπεύδῃ τις αὐτὸς χὠ θεὸς συνάπτεται Aeschylus Tragicus “Persae” 742 (troch.) ; σπεῦδε βραδέως festina lente, Gellius, Aulus Grammaticus Latinus 10.11.5 ; σ. τινί exert oneself for another, Alexander Rhetor 309: —Construct.,
__II.1 with participle, σπεῦσε πονησάμενος τὰ ἃ ἔργα (for σπουδαίως ἐπονήσατο) Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.250, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 935, Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 761 (anap.), Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 179: reversely, σπεύδων in haste, eagerly, τὼ δὲ σπεύδοντε πετέσθην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.506; ἵκετο σπεύδων Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.95; εἰς ἀρθμὸν ἐμοὶ.. σπεύδων σπεύδοντί ποθ᾽ ἥξει Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 193 (anap.); σ. ἐβοήθει Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.3.1.
__II.2 with infinitive, to be eager to.., Hes “Op.” 22,673, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 4.11(14), “N.” 9.21, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 601, Herodotus Historicus 8.41; σῴζειν θέλοντας ἄνδρα γ᾽ ὃς σπεύδῃ θανεῖν Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 812 :—middle, σπευδομένα ἀφελεῖν Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 360 (Lyric poetry).
__II.3 with accusative et infinitive, to be anxious that.., εἰρήνην ἑωυτοῖσι γενέσθαι Herodotus Historicus 1.74; ἔσπευδεν εἶναι μὴ μάχας Aristophanes Comicus “Pax” 672, compare Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 361a ; τὸ λεκτικοὺς γίγνεσθαι τοὺς συνόντας οὐκ ἔσπ. Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 4.3.1: also ἔσπευσεν τοῦ διατηρηθῆναι τὴν εὐφημίαν αὐτοῖς “IG” 22.1028.83.
__II.4 followed by ὡς, ὅπως, etc., σ. ὡς Ζεὺς μήποτ᾽ ἄρξειεν Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 205 ; σ. ὅπως μὴ.. Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 480b ; ἵνα.., ἵνα μὴ.., prev. author “Plt.” 264a, Isocrates Orator 4.164 ; ὥστε μή, with infinitive, Theophrastus Philosophus “de Odoribus” 57.
__II.5 followed by a preposition, σ. μάχην ἐς show eagerness for.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.225 (Med., σπεύσομαι εἰς Ἀχιλῆα, ἵνα .. hasten, 15.402); εἰς ἄφενος σπεύδειν Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 24; εἰς ἀρετήν Theognis Elegiacus 403; ἐς θαλάμους Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 182 (anap.); ἐς τὰ πράγματα prev. author “Ion” 599, etc.; εἰς τὸ αὐτὸ ἡμῖν Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.3.4; δώματος εἴσω Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 100 (anap.); ἐπί τι Lycurgus Orator 57 ; περὶ Πατρόκλοιο θανόντος struggle for him, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.121; ὑπέρ τινος “IG” 12(9).903 (Chalcis, 2nd c.BC) ; πρός τινα Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1026, etc.; also σ. ὁδόν “IG” 14.1729.
__II.6 with adverb, σ. οἷ θέλεις Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 334; δεῦρο Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 179; ἔνθα Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.8.14, etc.
__II.7 to be troubled in mind, harassed, LXX.Exo.15.15, LXX.1Ki.28.21, al. (Cf. σπουδή, σπούδαξ, Lithuanian spáudžiu 'press'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks πούς G4228 "voet, poot"; Grieks σπουδή G4710 "inspanning, moeite, ernst, haast";

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