G4710 σπουδή
inspanning, moeite, ernst, haast
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

σπουδή, -ῆς, ἡ (< σπεύδω), [in LXX chiefly for בּהל H926, its parts and derivatives ;] 1. haste, speed: μετὰ σ. (Wi 19:2), Mk 6:25, Lk 1:39. 2. zeal, diligence, earnestness: Ro 12:11, II Co 7:11, 12 8:7, 8; ἐν σ., Ro 12:8 (v. M, Pr, 104); seq. ὑπέρ, II Co 8:16; σπουδὴν ἐνδείκνυσθαι, He 6:11; σ. παρεισφέρειν, II Pe 1:5; πᾶσαν σ. ποιεῖσθαι, Ju 3 (v. MM, xxiii; M, Pr., 214; Deiss., BS, 361, 364).†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

σπουδή, ἡ,
  (σπεύδω) haste, speed, σπουδὴν ἔχειν make haste, Herodotus Historicus 9.89 ; σ. ἔσται τῆς ὁδοῦ haste on the journey, Thucydides Historicus 7.77; ὅκως ἂν αὐτὸν ὁρῶσι σπουδῆς ἔχοντα Herodotus Historicus 9.66 ; χωρίον.., οἷ σπουδὴν ἔχω whither I am hastening, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 288; τοῖς μήτε σχολὴν μήτε σπουδὴν διαγινώσκουσιν Theophrastus Philosophus “Characteres” 3.6 ; σπουδῇ in haste, see infr. IV; σὺν σπουδῇ ταχύς Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1223 ; σὺν πάσῃ σ. with all dispatch, POxy. 63.5 (2nd-3rd c.AD) ; διὰ σπουδῆς Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 212, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 6.2.28, etc.; ἐκ σπουδῆς Aristoteles Philosophus “Mirabilia” 837a15 ; μετὰ σ. NT.Mark.6.25, compare Herodianus Grammaticus 6.4.3, etc.; κατὰ σπουδήν Thucydides Historicus 1.93, 2.90, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 7.6.28, etc. (but this sense frequently runs into the next).
__II zeal, pains, trouble, effort, ἄτερ σπουδῆς Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.409 ; σῆς ὑπὸ σ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 585; σπουδῆς οὐκ ἀξία Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 778, compare Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 604c, etc. ; frequently in dative σπουδῇ, zealously, see below IV. 3; so σὺν σπουδῇ prev. author “Lg.” 818c ; σὺν πολλῇ σ. Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.8.4 ; ἐπὶ μεγάλης σ. Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 192c ; μετὰ πολλῆς σ. prev. author “Chrm.” 175e ; σπουδὴν ποιεῖσθαι exert oneself, take pains, be eager, Thucydides Historicus 4.30 ; with infinitive, Herodotus Historicus 3.4, 7.205; σ. πολλὴν ποιέεσθαι prev. author 6.107; πᾶσαν σ. ποιήσασθαι ὅπως.. “PHib.” 1.71.9 (3rd c.BC) ; σ. ποιεῖσθαι περί τινος Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 177c ; περί τινα prev. work 179d; ἐπί τινι Lucianus Sophista “Salt.” 1: with gen., σπουδήν τινος ποιήσασθαι make much ado about.. , Herodotus Historicus 1.4 ; σπουδαὶ λόγων κατατεινομένων zeal for the conflicting arguments, Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 130 (anap.); πρός τι Diodorus Siculus Historicus 17.114; ἀμφὶ Κυράνας θέμεν σ. ἅπασαν Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.276; ὅτου χάριν σ. ἔθου τήνδ᾽ Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 13 ; σ. ἔχειν, with infinitive, to be eager, Herodotus Historicus 6.120 ; with accusative et infinitive, prev. author 7.149; σ. ἔχειν τινός Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 778, 1014; περί τινος Plato Philosophus “Amatores” 136c; εἴς τι Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 557; ὅπως τι γένηται Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Compositione Verborum” 22; σ. γίγνεται περί τι Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 276e; σ. ἐστι περὶ πραγμάτων Demosthenes Orator 8.2; σπουδῆς καὶ βουλῆς τὰ πράγματα προσδεῖσθαι prev. author 9.46 ; ἡ σ. τῆς ἀπίξιος my zeal in coming, Herodotus Historicus 5.49, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Fragmenta” 257 ; ὅπλων σπουδῇ with great attention to the arms, Thucydides Historicus 6.31, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 855d: pl., ἐπιμέλειαι καὶ σ. πλήθους γεννημάτων eagerness for.. , prev. work 740d ; zealous exertions, Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1061 (Lyric poetry), Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1370a12.
__II.b in a religious sense, zeal, πρὸς τὴν θεάν “Inscription Magn.” 85.12 (2nd c.BC),cf. NT.Rom.12.11 ; ἐνδείκνυσθαι σ. NT.Heb.6.11.
__II.2 esteem, regard for a person, διὰ τὴν ἐμὴν σ. Antipho Orator 6.41; πάνυ πολλῆς σ. ἄξιος Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 1.6 ; good will, good offices, σ. ὑπέρ τινος NT.2Cor.8.16, compare “PTeb.” 314.9 (2nd c.AD); support in political life, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Crassus” 7 : plural, party feelings or attachments, rivalries, σ. ἰσχυραὶ φίλων περί τινος Herodotus Historicus 5.5; κατὰ σπουδάς Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1370, Aelianus “Varia Historia” 3.8 ; σπουδαὶ ἐρώτων erotic enthusiasms, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 632a.
__II.3 disputation, Philostratus Sophista “Vita Apollonii” 4.27, 34 (in pl.).
__III earnestness, σ. ἔχειν, ποιεῖσθαι,= σπουδάζειν, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 901, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 522; σπουδῆς μὲν μεστοί, γέλωτος δὲ ἐνδεέστεροι Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 1.13, cf. NT.2Cor.7.11, etc.: frequently with a Prep., in adverb sense, ἀπὸ σπουδῆς ἀγορεύεις in earnest, seriously, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.359, 12.233 ; μετὰ σπουδῆς, opposed to ἐν παιδιαῖς, Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 1.1 ; μετά τε παιδιᾶς καὶ μετὰ σ. Plato Philosophus “Leges” 887d; οὐ σπουδῆς χάριν ἀλλὰ παιδιᾶς ἕνεκα prev. author “Plt.” 288c, compare “Smp.” 197e; καὶ χωρὶς σπουδῆς καὶ μετὰ σπουδῆς ἐπαινεῖν Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1366a29.
__III.2 object of attention, serious engagement or pursuit, σπουδὴν ἐπ᾽ ἄλλην Ἡρακλῆς ὁρμώμενος Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 1199: pl., ἔν τε παιδιαῖς καὶ ἐν σπουδαῖς Plato Philosophus “Leges” 647d, compare 732d, al.
__IV σπουδῇ as adverb, in haste, hastily, προερέσσαμεν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.279; ἀνάβαινε 15.209; στρατιὴν ἄγειν Herodotus Historicus 9.1, compare 89 ; Doric dialect, σπουδᾷ ἐξελθοῦσα “IG” 42(1).121.21 (Epid., 4th c.BC) ; frequently in Attic dialect, σ. πάνυ Thucydides Historicus 8.89, etc.; σπουδῇ ποδός Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 216.
__IV.2 with great exertion and difficulty, and so, hardly, scarcely, σπουδῇ ἕζετο λαός Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.99, compare 5.893, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.297; σ. παρπεπιθόντες Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.37, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.119.
__IV.3 earnestly, seriously, urgently, τί με καλεῖς σπουδ; Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 849; σπουδῇ ἀκούειν Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 388d; σ. χαριεντίζεσθαι prev. author “Ap.” 24c ; πάνυ σ. attentively, prev. author “Phd.” 98b ; πολλῇ σ. very busily, Herodotus Historicus 1.88, Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 791, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.5.12, etc.; πάσῃ σ. μανθάνειν Plato Philosophus “Leges” 952a, etc.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks σπεύδω G4692 "zich haasten, vurig verlangen"; Grieks σπουδάζω G4704 "haasten, zich haasten"; Grieks σπουδαῖος G4705 "ijverig, ernstig, serieus";

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