G4712_στάδιον
stadion, renbaan, meeteenheid (stadion)
Taal: Grieks

Onderwerpen

Atletiek, Stadie (lengteeenheid), Stadion, renbaan,

Statistieken

Komt 6x voor in 4 Bijbelboeken.

Zie hier voor een verklaring van de gebruikte coderingen.

Woordstudie

στάδιον [], Argive σπάδιον (q.v.), τό: pl. στάδια and heterocl. στάδιοι; Hdt. uses both, στάδιοι 1.26, 2.149,158, al., στάδια 4.101, 5.53, 9.23, al.; so Th. in the same chapter (7.78) has στάδια once and σταδίους twice; στάδια E.Ion497 (lyr.), Ar.Av.6, Antiph.100, Pl.Phdr.229c; στάδιοι Ar.Ra.1319, Pl.Criti.113c, 117e, PCair.Zen. 388.6 (iii B.C.), etc.; the sg. masc. is not found:


Afstandseenheid

Mesopotamië: 1 stadie = 148,5 m
Perzië (uit Mesopotamië): 'ghalva' (stadie) = waarschijnlijk circa 264 m
Egypte (uit Mesopotamië, mogelijk Perzië): stadie = 400 'Koninklijke ellen', 209,2 m
Griekenland: stadie = 600 voet; in Atheense voet: 192,27 m.
Romeins (uit Egypte; Griekse invloeden): stadie = 625 Romeinse voet = 185,25 m

as a standard of length, stade,= 100 ὀργυιαί  orguiai or 6 πλέθρα plethra (Hdt.2.149), i.e. 600 Greek, 606 3/4 English feet, about 1/8 of a Roman mile, Plb.3.39.8, 34.12.4, cf. Plin.HN2.85, Hero *Deff.131; a longer stade, of which there were 7 1/2 in a Roman mile, is implied by D.C.52.21.

2. metaph., ἑκατὸν σταδίοισιν ἄριστος hekaton stadioisin aristos 'best by a hundred miles', Ar. Nu.430; πλεῖν ἢ σταδίῳ λαλίστερα plein ê stadiôi lalistera Id.Ra.91.


Renbaan

1 Corinthiers 9:24 waar Paulus het noemt.

II. race-course, IG22.677.3, etc. (because the most noted, that of Olympia, was exactly a stade long): prop. a single course, opp. σταδίου δρόμος diaulos, Pi.O.13.37, IG22.2313.23, SIG1067.9 (Rhodes, ii B.C.), etc.; σταδίου δρόμος stadiou dromos Pi.O. 13.30; γυμνὸν σ. gumnon s1., opp. ὁπλίτης δρόμος hoplitês dromos, Id.P.11.49; ὠκύτερον σταδίου ôkuteron stadiou Thgn.1306; ἀγωνίζεσθαι σ. agônizesthai s1. run a race, Hdt.5.22; ἁμιλλᾶσθαι hamillasthai Pl.Lg. 833a; νικᾶν nikan X.HG1.2.1, cf. Pi.N.8.16; ἀσκεῖν askein Pl.Thg.128e; of the building, IG22.351.16, 677.3, PRyl.93.16 (iii A.D.), etc.; ἐν σταδίοις en stadiois, i.e. in the amphitheatre, CIG4377 ( Sagalassos).

2. any area, e.g. for dancing, E.Ion497 (lyr.); ξύλινον σ. xulinon s1., of a board for playing πεσσοί pessoi, AP15.18.

3. walk in a garden, IG14.1853 (pl.).


Bronnen

Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

στάδιον, -ου, τό pl., στάδια (Jo 6:19, T), and metapl., στάδιοι (v. B1., § 9, 1), [in LXX: Da LXX 4:9, Su 37, II Mac 11:5 12:9 ff. * ;] a stadium, i.e. 1. a measure of length = 600 Greek feet or 1⁄8 of a Roman mile Mt 14:24 (Rec., WH, txt., R, mg.), Lk 24:13, Jo 6:19 11:18, Re 14:20 21:16, and, this being the length of the Olympic course, 2. a race-course: I Co 9:24.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

στάδιος ᾰ, α, ον,
  (ἵστημι) standing fast and firm, σ. ὑσμίνη close fight, fought hand to hand, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.314, 713, compare Thucydides Historicus 4.38 ; ἐνὶ σταδίῃ (i.e. ὑσμίνῃ) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.241, compare 13.514; ἡ σ. μάχη Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 6.273f , compare σταδαῖο; πῖδαξ σταδίη μένει, of a spring from which no water flows, Oppianus Apamensis Epicus “Cynegetica” 4.326.
__2 firm, fixed, θάλαμοι Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 5.13: τὸ σ . immobility, Dio Cassius Historicus 39.43.
__3 standing upright or straight, σ. χιτών,= ὀρθοστάδιον, an ungirt tunic hanging in straight plaits, Callimachus Epicus “Fragmenta” 59 , compare στατό; θώραξ σ. a stiff breastplate, plate-armour, opposed to στρεπτός or ἁλυσιδωτός, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.1226 (see. Scholia).
__II (ἵστημι A.IV) weighed, Nicander Epicus “Alexipharmaca” 402 (στήδην conjecture Bentley).

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἵστημι G2476 "doen staan, neerzetten, plaatsen, opstellen (doen)";

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