G4735 στέφανος
kroon
Taal: Grieks

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Kroon,

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stefanos̱,
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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

στέφανος, -ου, ὁ (< στέφω, to encircle), [in LXX chiefly for עֲטָרָה H5850 ;] 1. that which surrounds or encompasses (as a wall, a crowd: Hom., al.). 2. a crown, i.e. the wreath, garland or chaplet given as a prize for victory, as a festal ornament, or as a public honour for disting­uished service or personal worth (so to sovereigns, especially on the occasion of a παρουσία, q.v.; cf. Deiss., LAE, 372 ff.; on its use in LXX for the golden crown of royalty (prop., διάδημα, q.v., cf. Hort and Mayor on Ja 1:12): Mt 27:29, Mk 15:17, Jo 19:2, 5, I Co 9:25, Re 4:4, 10 6:2 9:7 12:1 14:14. Metaph.: Phl 4:1, Re 3:11; τ. δικαιοσύνης (cf. Deiss., LAE, 312), II Ti 4:8; τ. δόξης, I Pe 5:4; καυχήσεως, I Th 2:19 (v. M, Th., in l.); τ. ζωῆς (gen. appos.), Ja 1:12, Re 2:10.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

στέφᾰνος, ὁ,
  (στέφω) that which surrounds or encompasses, πάντῃ γάρ σε περὶ σ. πολέμοιο δέδηεν the circling fight, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.736 ; of the wall round a town, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.32; σ. πόλεος Anacreon Lyricus 72, compare Orphica “Argonautica” 761, 897; compare στεφάνη 1.2 ; καλλίπαις σ. circle of fair children, Euripides Tragicus “Hercules Furens” 839.
__II crown, wreath, chaplet, Hymni Homerici 7.42; χρύσεος prev. work32.6; στεφάνους.. ἄνθεα ποίης Hesiodus Epicus “Theogonia” 576, compare Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.240; κισσίνους σ. δρυός τε Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 703 ; δάφνας σ. Isyllus Lyricus 19 ; ῥόδινος, ῥοδόεις, Anacreon Lyricus 83, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 7.64; ἀνθεμεῦντες Anacreon Lyricus 62; πλεκτὸν σ. ἐκ λειμῶνος φέρω Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 73, compare Xenophanes Poeta Philosophus 1.2; μύρτων Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 330 (Lyric poetry); κιττοῦ καὶ ἴων Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 212e; φιλύρας Xenarchus Comicus 13, etc.; στεφάνωσεν δρακόντων στεφάνοις Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 102 (Lyric poetry) ; σ. εἴρειν, πλέκειν, ἀνείρειν, Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 7.77, “I.” 8(7).74, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 1006; ὑφαίνειν Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.646e; πέρθεσθαι φόβαισι Sappho Lyrica 78, compare Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 984 (Lyric poetry) ; θεῖσα ἀμφὶ βοστρύχοις prev. work 1160; σ. ἐλαίας ἀμφέθηκά σοι prev. author “Ion” 1433; περιθεῖναι σ. τινί Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 1227; χρυσῷ σ. ἀναδῆσαί τινα Thucydides Historicus 4.121; χρυσῷ στεφάνῳ στεφανωθῆναι Plato Philosophus “Ion” 530d ; μύρα, στεφάνους ἑτοίμασον for a feast, Menander Comicus 273, compare Amphis Comicus 9.4, Alexander Rhetor 250, etc. ; hung at the door on festive occasions, Ephippus Comicus 3.2.
__II.b in plural, οἱ σ. the garland-market, Antiphanes Comicus 83.
__II.2 crown of victory at the public games, Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 8.76 ; τῆς ἐλαίης τὸν διδόμενον σ. Herodotus Historicus 8.26; νικᾶν παγκρατίου στέφανον Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 5.5, compare “I.” 1.21; σ. ἔλαχεν prev. author “O.” 10(11).61 ; ὁ ἐπὶ τοῦ σ., title of an officer who had charge of these matters in Roman times, “IGRom.” 4.1435.15 (from Smyrna).
__II.2.b honorary wreath or crown, frequently worked in gold, awarded for public services in war or peace, “IG” 12.110.10, 22.212.24, 338.19, al., Plato Philosophus “Leges” 943c, Aeschines Orator 2.46, “OGI” 49.7 (Egypt, 3rd c.BC), al., 3rd c.BC(?): Callixinus Historicus 2 : such crowns were frequently dedicated in temples, “IG” 22.1386.33, compare 11(2).199 B 60, al. (Delos, 3rd c.BC) ; περὶ τοῦ σ., title of Demosthenes Orator 18, compare Aeschines Orator 3.187, al. : metaphorically, prize, reward, αὑτῷ μὲν σ. περιθείς, Σαμίοισι δὲ κῦδος epigram cited in Herodotus Historicus 4.88; τοὺς παῖδας.. δημοσίᾳ ἡ πόλις θρέψει, ὠφέλιμον σ... τῶν.. ἀγώνων προτιθεῖσα Thucydides Historicus 2.46 ; τοῦδε γὰρ ὁ σ. his is the prize (or perhaps for (bringing) him the prize is offered), Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 841 (hexameters).
__II.2.c σ. πυργωτὸς καὶ οὐαλλάριος,= Latin corona muralis et vallaris, a Roman military decoration, “OGI” 560.10 (Tlos, 1st c.AD); σ. τειχικός prev. work540.19 (Pessinus, 1st c.AD).
__II.3 crown of glory, honour, οὐκ ἂν αἰσχυνθείην εἰπὼν στέφανον τῆς πατρίδος εἶναι τὰς ἐκείνων ψυχάς Lycurgus Orator 50 ; ἐλευθερίας ἀμφέθετο σ. Simonides Lyricus 98; σ. εὐκλείας μέγας Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 465, compare Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 1. 100, Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 315; μέγας γάρ σοι ὁ σ. ἐστιν ὑπὸ πάντων εὐλογεῖσθαι “PSI” 4.405.4 (3rd c.BC) ; σ. ζωῆς, δόξης, NT.Jam.1.12, NT.1Pet.5.4 ; ὁ τῆς δικαιοσύνης σ. NT.2Tim.4.8. ἀνδρὸς στέφανος παῖδες Homerus Epicus “Epigrammata” 13, compare Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 194 (Lyric poetry), NT.1Thes.2.19.
__II.4 crown as a badge of office, Demosthenes Orator 21.32; πέπαυνται ἄρχοντες καὶ τοὺς σ. περιῄρηνται prev. author 26.5; ὁ βασιλεὺς ὅταν δικάζῃ περιαιρεῖται τὸν σ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Ἀθηναίων Πολιτεία” 57.4 ; ὁ σ. οὗτος, of the office of ἀρχιερεὺς Ἀσίας, Philostratus Sophista “Vitae Sophistarum” 1.21.2, compare “OGI” 470.21 (Asia Minor), Libanius Sophista “Orationes” 53.4 ; ἔχειν τὸν σ. to be in office, “SIG” 1007.22 (Pergam., 2nd c.BC); ἡ ἀπόθεσις τῶν σ. prev. work900.16 (Panamara, 4th c.AD) ; ἀναδήσασθαι τὸν σ. τοῦτον “POxy.” 1252v. 20 (3rd c.AD) : see at {στεφανηφόρος} 11, στεφανόω 11.5.
__II.5 in Egypt, money gift to the sovereign, levied by the state, PTeb. 746.24 (3rd c.BC), “PSI” 4.388.5 (3rd c.BC), “PCair.Zen.” 36.27 (3rd c.BC), etc. ; like wise in Syria, LXX.1Mac.10.20 ; also of similar gifts to a court favourite, “PFay.” 14 (2nd c.BC),compare “Ostr.Bodl.” i202 (2nd c.BC).
__II.6 τὰς εἰς τὸν σ. ἐπαγγελίας οὐκ ἔλαβον,= aurum coronarium non accepi, Mon.Anc. 11.22,compare “PFay.” 20.7 (3rd-4th c.AD).
__II.7 donation, euphemism for a bribe, διεθέντος μου ὑπάρξει σοι εἰς σ. τάλαντα δεκαπέντε “PGrenf.” 1.41.2 (2nd c.BC),compare “OGI” 221.6 (Ilium, 3rd c.BC), “PGoodsp.Cair.” 5.5 (2nd c.BC) ; gratuity, bonus, PFlor. 74.14 (2nd c.AD).
__II.8 the constellation “Corona”, Epimenides Philosophus 25, Aristoteles Philosophus “Meteorologica” 362b10, Aratus Epicus 71, “PHib.” 1.27.58, 187 (3rd c.BC) ; σ. τόν τε κλείουσ᾽ Ἀριάδνης Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 3.1003.
__II.9 name of a πηγή in the Chaldaean system, Damascius Philosophus “de Principiis” 96.
__II.10= δάφνη Ἀλεξανδρεία, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 4.145 ; Ἡλίου σ.,= ἅλιμος, Ps.- Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 1.91.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks διάδημα G1238 "diadeem, kroon, sieraad (hoofd)"; Grieks σταφυλή G4718 "druiven, druiventros"; Grieks στέμμα G4725 "haarband, krans, haarband"; Grieks Στέφανος G4736 "Stefanus"; Grieks στεφανόω G4737 "kroon";

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