G4750 στόμα
stoma, mond
Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

στόμα, -τος, τό [in LXX chiefly for פֶּה H6433 ;] the mouth: of man, Mt 15:11, Jo 19:29, Ac 11:8, al.; of animals, Mt 17:27, II Ti 4:17 (fig.), He 11:33, Ja 3:3, al.; fig., of inanimate things (ποταμοῦ, Hom.), ἤνοιξεν ἡ γῆ τὸ σ., Re 12:16; σ. μαχαίρας (Heb. פִּי H6310־חֶרֶב H2719, Ge 34:26 al.), the edge of the sword, Lk 21:24, He 11:34; esp. of the mouth as the organ of speech: opp. to καρδία, Mt 12:34, Ro 10:8, 10; in various phrases (some cl., some resembling Hebrew; cf. Bl., § 40, 9): ἀνοίγειν τ. σ. (v.s. ἀνοίγω); σ. πρὸς σ. (פֶּה H6310 אֵל H413־פֶּה H6310, Nu 12:8; = cl., κατὰ σ., Hdt., al.), face to face, II Jn 12, III Jn 14; διὰ τοῦ σ. (of the Holy Spirit), Lk 1:70, Ac 1:16, al.; ἀπὸ (ἐκ) τοῦ σ. (cf. ἀπὸ σ. εἰπεῖν, Plat., al.), of speaking by word of mouth, Lk 22:71, Ac 22:14; δόλος (ψεῦδος) ἐν τ. σ., I Pe 2:22, Re 14:5 (LXX); metaph., ἡ ῥομφαία τοῦ σ., Re 2:16. By meton., for speech (Soph.): Mt 18:16 (LXX), Lk 19:22 21:15, II Co 13:1

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

στόμα, τό,
  Aeolic dialect στύμα Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 29.25 ; genitive στόματος, but στομάτοιο “Hymni Magici” 2(2).10,28 :—mouth, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.467, etc.; σύν τε στόμ᾽ ἐρεῖσαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 11.426 ; ἱμείρων γλυκεροῦ σ. Solon Lyricus 25 ; of animals, Hesiodus Epicus “Scutum Herculis” 146, 389, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1156 (Lyric poetry), etc.: —pl. is sometimes used for sg., ἀμφιπίπτων στόμασιν, of kissing, prev. author “Tr.” 938, compare Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 403 (Lyric poetry) , and frequently in later Poets, Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.1607, Nicander Epicus “Alexipharmaca” 210, 240, etc.: metaph., πτολέμοιο, ὑσμίνης στόμα , the very jaws of the battle, as of a devouring monster, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 10.8, 20.359 (but compare below 111.1).
__2 especially the mouth as the organ of speech, δέκα μὲν γλῶσσαι, δέκα δὲ στόματ᾽ 2.489, compare Theognis Elegiacus 18; βραχύ μοι σ. πάντ᾽ ἀνᾱγήσασθαι Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 10.19 ; frequently in Trag., σ. τὸ Δῖον the mouth of Zeus, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 1032 ; τὸ Φοίβου θεῖον ἀψευδὲς σ. prev. author “fragment” 350.5, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 603; τοῦ στόματος τὸ στρογγύλον Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 471 ; Μοισᾶν καπυρὸν σ. their mouthpiece, organ, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 7.37, compare Moschus Bucolicus 3.72 ; Πιερίδων τὸ σοφὸν σ., of Homer, “Anthologia Graeca” 7.4 (Paul. Sil.), compare 7.6 (Antip. Sid.), 7.75 (Antip.), 9.184; τὸ μισόχρηστον σ. τῆς κωμῳδίας Philodemus Philosophus “de Pietate - Herkulanische Studien” p.93G. ; speech, utterance, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 426, 706, “OC” 132 (Lyric poetry), etc.; εἰς τόδ᾽ ἐξελθόντος ἀνόσιον σ. prev. work 981 ; κἂν καλὸν φορῇ σ. prev. author “fragment” 930; τὸ σὸν.. σ. ἐλεινόν prev. author “OT” 671; διδόναι σ. καὶ σοφίαν NT.Luke.21.15 : in plural of a single speaker, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1220 (Lyric poetry):—special phrases: οἴγειν σ. Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 611 ; τοὐμὸν οὐ λύω σ. Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1060, compare Isocrates Orator 12.96 ; διᾶραι τὸ σ. Demosthenes Orator 19.112 ; κοίμησον σ. keep silence, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1247 ; δάκνειν σ., i.e. to keep a stern silence (compare ὀδάξ), prev. author “fragment” 397; ἴσχε δακὼν σ. σόν Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 977 (anap.) ; ὀδόντι πρῖε τὸ σ. prev. author “fragment” 897 ; so κλῄσας σ. Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 865 ; οὐκ ἐφέξετε σ.; prev. author “Hec.” 1283 ; σῖγ᾽ ἕξομεν σ. prev. author “Hipp.” 660 ; εὖ ἔχειν σ.,= εὐφημεῖν, Eupolis Comicus 381 ; συγκλῄειν σ. Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 40 (anap.):—of style, τὸ Λυσιακὸν σ. Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Lysia” 12.
__3 with Preps.,
__3.a ἀνὰ στόμα ἔχειν have always in one's mouth, whether for good or ill, Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 80; ἀνὰ σ. καὶ διὰ γλώσσης ἔχειν prev. author “Andr.” 95.
__3.b ἀπὸ στόματος εἰπεῖν speak from memory (compare ἀπὸ γλώσσης), Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 142d, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 3.6.9, Philemo Comicus 48, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Solon” 8, etc.
__3.c διὰ στόμα λέγειν Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 579, compare Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 103 (so κατὰ τὸ σ. ᾄδειν Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 158); διὰ στόμα ἔχειν prev. author “Lys.” 855; οἶκτος οὔτις ἦν διὰ στόμα Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 51 ; πᾶσι διὰ στόματος 'tis the common talk, Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 12.21.
__3.d ἐν στόμασι εἶχον Herodotus Historicus 3.157, 6.136; πολλῶν κείμενος ἐν στόμασιν Theognis Elegiacus 240; ἐν τῷ σ. λέγειν Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 198.
__3.e ἐξ ἑνὸς σ. with one voice, prev. author “Eq.” 670. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 364a, “PGiss.” 36.13 (2nd c.BC), Galenus Medicus 15.763 ; so ὡς ἀφ᾽ ἑνὸς σ. “Anthologia Graeca” 11.159 (Lucillius Epigrammaticus).
__3.f ἐπὶ στόμα on one's face, face-foremost, ἐξεκυλίσθη πρηνὴς.. ἐπὶ σ. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.43, compare 16.410; ὡς κύων ἐπὶ σ. κείμενος Archilochus Lyricus “Supp.” 2.9 ; ὗς ἔκειτ᾽ ἐπὶ σ. Menander Comicus 21 ; ἐπὶ σ. κεῖται lies prone, of the right ventricle, Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ καρδίης” 4 ; ἐπὶ σ.,= pronus, “Corpus Glossariorum Latinorum”; ἐπὶ σ. πεσόντα Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Artoxerxes” 29; ἐπὶ σ. φερόμενον ἐν πᾶσι Timaeus Historicus cited in Polybius Historicus 12.8.4 ; also ὅ τι νῦν ἦλθ᾽ ἐπὶ σ. whatever came uppermost, Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 351 ; ἐπὶ στόματος Φαραώ by the command of P., LXX.2Ki.23.35.
__3.g κατὰ στόμα face to face, Herodotus Historicus 8.11, Euripides Tragicus “Heraclidae” 801, “Rh.” 409, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.2.26 ; οἱ κατὰ σ. θεοί (compare ἀντήλιοι) Euripides Tragicus “Fragmenta” 781.33 ; κατὰ σ. τινός confronted with him, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 855d; στόμα κατὰ στόμα λαλήσω αὐτῷ LXX.Num.12.8; στόμα πρὸς στόμα NT.2John.12, NT.3John.14, “PMag.Berol.” 1.39.
__II mouth of a river, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.24, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 5.441, Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 847, Herodotus Historicus 2.17, etc. ; so ἠϊόνος σ. μακρόν the wide mouth of the bay, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.36, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 10.90; σ. τοῦ Πόντου Thucydides Historicus 4.75 ; κόλπου prev. work 49; τὸ σ. τῆς ἐσβολῆς Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 1107 ; τὸ ἄνω σ. τῆς διώρυχος the width of the trench at top, Herodotus Historicus 7.23 (but τὰ σ. τ. δ . mouths, prev. work 37).
__II.2 any outlet or entrance, ἀργαλέον σ. λαύρης Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 22.137; σ. τῆς ἀγυιᾶς Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.4.4; σ. φρέατος prev. author “An.” 4.5.25; καδίσκου Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 581, compare “Anthologia Graeca” 6.251 (Philippus Epigrammaticus) ; χθόνιον Ἄιδα σ. Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.44 ; τὰ τῶν διεξόδων σ. Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 251d ; ἑπτάπυλον σ. the seven gates of Thebes, Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 119 (Lyric poetry): in Medicine texts, τῶν μητρέων, τῶν ὑστερέων ,= os uteri (not distinguished from the cervix), Hippocrates Medicus “γυναικεῖα” 1.36, “Aph.” 5.46; τῆς κοιλίας Aristoteles Philosophus “Analytica Posteriora” 94b15, Soranus Medicus 1.50; γαστρός Nicander Epicus “Alexipharmaca” 20, Galenus Medicus 5.274 ; ἕλκους Aristoteles Philosophus “Problemata” 863a11.
__III foremost part, face, front:
__III.1 of weapons, point, κατὰ στόμα εἱμένα χαλκῷ Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.389; ὁ κριὸς ἔχει σ. σιδηροῦν Athenaeus Epigrammaticus Mech. 24.2; τὸ σ. τῆς αἰχμῆς Philostratus Sophista “Heroicus” 19.4 ; edge of a sword, μαχαίρας Asclepiodotus Tacticus “Tact.” 3.5, NT.Luke.21.24, etc.: metaph., ἐθηλύνθην σ. Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 651.
__III.1.b the front ranks of the battle, the front, ἀπὸ στόματος (opposed to ἀπὸ τῆς οὐρᾶς) Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 3.4.42, compare “HG” 4.3.4; τὸ σ. τοῦ πλαισίου prev. author “An.” 3.4.43, compare 5.4.22, Polybius Historicus 10.12.7 (so perhaps σ. πολέμοιο, ὑσμίνης in Homerus Epicus, see above 1.1).
__III.1.c τὸ τῶν λοχαγῶν τάγμα σ. καλεῖται Asclepiodotus Tacticus “Tact.” 2.5.
__III.2 ἄκρον σ. πύργων the edge or top of the towers, Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1166 ; πρὸς τῷ σ. τοῦ βίου at the very verge of life, Xenophon Historicus “Agesilaus” 11.15.
__III.3 ={ὀμφαλός} 111.3, Aelianus “Tactica - Griechische Kriegsschriftsteller” 7.3 . (Cf. Avest. staman-, m. 'mouth (of dog)', Welsh safn 'mouth'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀποστοματίζω G653 "opzeggen uit het hoofd"; Grieks δίστομος G1366 "tweesnijdend"; Grieks ἐπιστομίζω G1993 "muilkorf aandoen"; Grieks στόμαχος G4751 "strot, keel, maag"; Grieks τομώτερος G5114 "tomwteroV";

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